The Earl de Grey
|First Lord of the Admiralty|
22 December 1834 –8 April 1835
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Preceded by||The Lord Auckland|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Auckland|
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
11 September 1841 –17 July 1844
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Preceded by||Viscount Ebrington|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Heytesbury|
|Born||8 December 1781|
|Died||14 November 1859 77)(aged|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Henrietta Cole|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Cambridge|
Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 3rd Baron Grantham, 6th Baron Lucas (8 December 1781 – 14 November 1859), KG, PC, FRS (known as Lord Grantham from 1786 to 1833), of Wrest Park in the parish of Silsoe, Bedfordshire, was a British Tory statesman. Born "Thomas Philip Robinson", his surname changed to "Weddell" in 1803 and to "de Grey" in 1833.
He was the eldest son of Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham (1738-1786) of Newby Hall, Newby-on-Swale, a deserted medieval village and of adjacent Rainham, both in the parish of Topcliffe in Yorkshire,by his wife Mary Yorke (1757-1830), the younger daughter of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke by his wife Jemima Campbell, suo jure 2nd Marchioness Grey. His younger brother was the Prime Minister Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon, 1st Viscount Goderich, known to history as "Lord Goderich".
In 1786 he succeeded his father as 3rd Baron Grantham. In 1792 he became the heir of his distant cousinWilliam Weddell (1736-1792) of Newby Hall in Yorkshire, a notable art collector, and also in 1792 became the 6th Robinson Baronet "of Newby", succeeding his father's first cousin Norton Robinson, 5th Baronet (d.1792). In 1833 he succeeded his maternal aunt Lady Amabel Yorke, suo jure 1st Countess Grey, 5th Baroness Lucas (1750-1833), as 2nd Earl de Grey according to a special remainder and as 6th Baron Lucas of Crudwell and also inherited her estate of Wrest Park in Silsoe, Bedfordshire.
In 1798 he was admitted to St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1801.He was made Privy Counsellor in December 1834 while holding office as First Lord of the Admiralty till April 1835, and a Knight of the Garter in 1844. He was colonel-commandant of the Yorkshire Hussars, a part-time Yeomanry Cavalry regiment, for over forty years and was appointed yeomanry aide-de-camp to William IV and held similar position under Queen Victoria. Lord Grantham was nominated as Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire in 1818, an office which he held until his death. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from September 1841 to July 1844. During his time in Ireland he disagreed with Peel's religious conciliation of Ireland, claiming that economic conciliation was a greater priority. He called for more legislation focused on Ireland whilst Peel pursued economic legislation aimed at benefitting the UK as a whole.
On the founding of the Institute of British Architects in London in 1834 he was invited to become its first president remaining so till his death in 1859.The institute received its Royal Charter in 1837 becoming Royal Institute of British Architects in London; he was also the first president of the Royal Architectural Museum. Earl de Grey was also a fellow of the Royal Society from 1841, a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and served as one of the New Buckingham Palace Commissioners from 1848. He remodelled his London townhouse at No.4 St James's Square (now the Naval & Military Club) and between February 1833 and October 1839 rebuilt Wrest Park, his seat in Bedfordshire, in the French style, assisted by James Clephan. He redesigned the deer park and added decoration and several statues.
In 1805 he married Lady Henrietta Cole (d.1848), a daughter of William Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen, by whom he had two daughters and co-heiresses:
Lord de Grey died in November 1859, aged 77, having survived his wife by eleven years. He was succeeded in the Barony of Lucas of Crudwell by his daughter, Ann de Grey (Countess Cowper), who married George Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper. His other titles, unable to pass via a female line, passed to his heir male, namely his nephew, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, 2nd Earl of Ripon.
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon,, styled The Honourable F. J. Robinson until 1827 and known between 1827 and 1833 as Viscount Goderich, the name by which he is best known to history, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between August 1827 and January 1828.
Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham PC was a British statesman. He notably served as Foreign Secretary between 1782 and 1783.
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, PC, FRS, styled Viscount Royston between 1754 and 1764, was an English politician and writer.
Earl of Hardwicke is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1754 for Philip Yorke, 1st Baron Hardwicke, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain from 1737 to 1756. He had already been created Baron Hardwicke, of Hardwicke in the County of Gloucestershire, in 1733, and was made Viscount Royston at the same time as he was given the earldom. These titles were also in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented Reigate and Cambridgeshire in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. Lord Hardwicke married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who succeeded her grandfather as Marchioness Grey in 1722. They had two daughters of whom the eldest, Lady Amabel, was created Countess De Grey in her own right in 1816.
Baron Lucas is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. The second creation is extant and is currently held with the title Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland.
Lord Dingwall is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1584 for Andrew Keith, and in 1609 for Sir Richard Preston, with remainder to his heirs whatsoever. In 1619 he was further honoured when he was made Baron Dunmore and Earl of Desmond in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to heirs male. On his death in 1628 the Irish titles became extinct while he was succeeded in the Scottish lordship by his daughter Elizabeth, the second Lady Dingwall. She was the wife of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde. Their eldest son Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, was summoned by writ to the English Parliament as Baron Butler, of Moore Park, in 1666. However, he predeceased his parents who were both succeeded by their grandson, the second Duke and third Lord Dingwall. He had already succeeded his father as second Baron Butler. However, the Duke was attainted in 1715 and his titles forfeited. In 1871, Francis Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, managed to obtain a reversal of the attainder of the lordship of Dingwall and barony of Butler and became the fourth Lord Dingwall and third Baron Butler. He was the great-great-great-grandson of Henrietta d'Auverquerque, Countess of Grantham, second daughter of Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory and 1st Baron Butler, whose second daughter Lady Henrietta de Nassau d'Auverquerque married William Clavering-Cowper, 2nd Earl Cowper. In 1880 he also succeeded his mother as eighth Baron Lucas of Crudwell. For later history of the lordship of Dingwall and barony of Butler, see the Baron Lucas of Crudwell.
Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, known as Viscount Fordwich from 1837 to 1856, was a British Liberal politician. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1880 to 1882.
Earl de Grey, of Wrest in the County of Bedford, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 25 October 1816 for Amabell Hume-Campbell, Dowager Lady Polwarth and suo jure 5th Baroness Lucas, with remainder to the heirs male of her body and in default of such issue to her sister Mary Jemima Robinson, Dowager Baroness Grantham, and the heirs male of her body. She was the eldest daughter and co-heir of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, and Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey, eldest daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, and Lady Amabel Grey, eldest daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent. The marquessate of Grey had become extinct on her mother's death in 1797 and when the Grey title was revived in favour of her daughter the style "de Grey" was used to distinguish it from the earldom of Grey which had been created in 1806; the Grey family was extremely distantly related to the Earl Grey). The Countess de Grey was the widow of Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth, eldest son of Hugh Hume, 3rd Earl of Marchmont.
Marquess Grey was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created on 19 May 1740 for Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, with remainder to the male issue of his body and in default thereof to his granddaughter the Honourable Jemima Campbell and the heirs male of her body. The Duke of Kent died only two weeks after the creation of the marquessate when the dukedom and most of its subsidiary titles became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony of Lucas and in the marquessate of Grey according to the special remainder by his granddaughter Jemima, the second Marchioness Grey. She was the daughter of John Campbell, Lord Glenorchy, later 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, and Lady Amabel Grey, eldest daughter of the Duke of Kent. On 22 May 1740, three days after the marquessate was created, she married the Honourable Philip Yorke, later 2nd Earl of Hardwicke. They had two daughters, Lady Amabel Yorke and Lady Mary Yorke. Lady Grey died in January 1797, aged 73. As she had no sons the marquessate died with her. However, she was succeeded in the barony of Lucas by her eldest daughter, Lady Amabel, who in 1816 was created Countess de Grey in her own right.
Marquess of Ripon, in the County of York was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1871 for the Liberal politician George Robinson, 2nd Earl of Ripon.
Earl Cowper was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1718 by George I for William Cowper, 1st Baron Cowper, his first Lord Chancellor, with remainder in default of male issue of his own to his younger brother, Spencer Cowper. Cowper had already been created Baron Cowper of Wingham in the County of Kent, in the Peerage of England on 14 December 1706, with normal remainder to the heirs male of his body, and was made Viscount Fordwich, in the County of Kent, at the same time as he was given the earldom, also Peerage of Great Britain and with similar remainder. He was the great-grandson of William Cowper, who was created a Baronet, of Ratling Court in the County of Kent, in the Baronetage of England on 4 March 1642. The latter was succeeded by his grandson, the second Baronet. He represented Hertford in Parliament. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the aforementioned William Cowper, the third Baronet, who was elevated to the peerage as Baron Cowper in 1706 and made Earl Cowper in 1718. In 1706 Lord Cowper married as his second wife Mary Clavering, daughter of John Clavering, of Chopwell, County Durham.
Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and Countess of Hardwicke was a British peeress.
The de Grey Mausoleum in Flitton, Bedfordshire, England, is one of the largest sepulchral chapels in the country. It is a Grade I listed building. The Mausoleum contains over twenty monuments to the de Grey family who lived in nearby Wrest Park.
Newby Hall is an 18th-century country house beside the River Ure in the parish of Skelton-on-Ure in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated 3 miles south-east of Ripon and 6 miles south of Topcliffe Castle, from which the manor was held in ancient times. In St Columba's Church, Topcliffe, survive several monuments of the Robinson family of Newby and Rainton. A Grade I listed building, it contains a collection of furniture, painting, and precious artefacts. The south side of the grounds by the river has extensive herbaceous borders and woodland walks. Also Grade I listed are the Georgian stable block, leased as offices, and the Church of Christ the Consoler. Newby Hall is open to the public from 21 March until 1 October.
Mary Grey, Countess of Kent, suo jure1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, was an English peeress in her own right.
George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper, styled Viscount Fordwich until 1837, was a British Whig politician. He served briefly as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under his uncle Lord Melbourne in 1834.
William Weddell of Newby Hall in the parish of Skelton-on-Ure, near Ripon in North Yorkshire, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1766 and 1792. He created a notable collection of antiquities including the Barberini Venus.
The House of Grey is an ancient English noble family hailing from Creully in Normandy. The founder of the House of Grey was Anchetil de Greye, a Norman chevalier and vassal of William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford, one of the very few proven companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The name, initially having been difficult to comprehend in the English language, was variously transliterated as Grey, Grai, Greye and Gray. The Grey family were first ennobled in the 13th century as Barons Grey of Codnor, of Ruthyn and of Wilton.
Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey, 5th Baroness Lucas was a diarist and political writer who was a Countess in her own right. Had she been male, she would have served in the House of Lords as a Whig. She wrote particularly about the French Revolution.
Jemima Grey, Duchess of Kent, formerly Jemima Crew, was the first wife of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent.
The Earl of Upper Ossory
| Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire |
The Duke of Bedford
The Lord Auckland
| First Lord of the Admiralty |
The Lord Auckland
| Lord Lieutenant of Ireland |
The Lord Heytesbury
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl de Grey |
|Peerage of England|
| Baron Lucas |
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Baron Grantham |
|Baronetage of England|
| Baronet |