Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey

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The Earl de Grey

ThomasEarlGrey.jpg
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
22 December 1834 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Lord Auckland
Succeeded by The Lord Auckland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
11 September 1841 17 July 1844
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by Viscount Ebrington
Succeeded by The Lord Heytesbury
Personal details
Born8 December 1781 (1781-12-08)
Died14 November 1859 (1859-11-15) (aged 77)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s)Lady Henrietta Cole
(d. 1848)
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge
Shield of arms of Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, KG, PC, FRS. Grey quartering: Vert, a chevron between three bucks standing at gaze or (Robinson (Robinson baronets of Newby, cr.1660)) Shield of arms of Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, KG, PC, FRS.png
Shield of arms of Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, KG, PC, FRS. Grey quartering: Vert, a chevron between three bucks standing at gaze or (Robinson (Robinson baronets of Newby, cr.1660))

Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 3rd Baron Grantham and 6th Baron Lucas, KG, PC, FRS (8 December 1781 – 14 November 1859), known as The Lord Grantham from 1786 to 1833, was a British Tory statesman of the 19th century. Born Thomas Philip Robinson, his surname was Weddell from 1803 and de Grey from 1833. [1]

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.

Contents

Background and education

De Grey was the eldest son of Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham and his wife, Mary, a daughter of the Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and younger sister of the Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey. Prime Minister Lord Goderich was his younger brother. He succeeded his father as third baron in 1786, and became the sixth baronet Robinson of Newby in 1792. In 1833 he succeeded his aunt as second Earl de Grey according to a special remainder and also inherited the Wrest Park estate in Silsoe, Bedfordshire. In 1798 he was admitted to St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1801. [2] He became second Earl de Grey and Baron Lucas of Crudwell in 1833.

Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham British politician and statesman

Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham PC was a British statesman. He notably served as Foreign Secretary between 1782 and 1783.

Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey British peeress and letter writer

Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey and Countess of Hardwicke was a British peeress.

Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey Campbell, Amabel Hume- [née Lady Amabel Yorke], suo jure Countess De Grey (1751–1833), political writer

Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey, 5th Baroness Lucas was a diarist and political writer who was a Countess in her own right. Had she been male, she would have served in the House of Lords as a Whig. She wrote particularly about the French Revolution.

Political career

He was made Privy Counsellor in December 1834 while holding office as First Lord of the Admiralty till April 1835, and a Knight of the Garter in 1844. He was colonel-commandant of the Yorkshire Hussar Regiment of Cavalry for over forty years and was appointed yeomanry aide-de-camp to William IV and held similar position under Queen Victoria. Lord Grantham was nominated as Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire in 1818, an office which he held until his death. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from September 1841 to July 1844. During his time in Ireland he disagreed with Peel's religious conciliation of Ireland, claiming that economic conciliation was a greater priority. [3] He called for more legislation focused on Ireland whilst Peel pursued economic legislation aimed at benefitting the UK as a whole. [3]

First Lord of the Admiralty Political head of the Royal Navy

The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services. It was one of the earliest known permanent government posts. Apart from being the political head of the Royal Navy the post holder simultaneously held the title of the President of the Board of Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral. The office of First Lord of the Admiralty existed from 1628 until it was abolished when the Admiralty, Air Ministry, Ministry of Defence and War Office were all merged to form the new Ministry of Defence in 1964.

William IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom and Hanover

William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837. The third son of George III, William succeeded his elder brother George IV, becoming the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover.

Queen Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.

Other public positions

On the founding of the Institute of British Architects in London in 1834 he was invited to become its first president remaining so till his death in 1859. [4] The institute received its Royal Charter in 1837 becoming Royal Institute of British Architects in London; he was also the first president of the Royal Architectural Museum. Earl de Grey was also a fellow of the Royal Society from 1841, a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and served as one of the New Buckingham Palace Commissioners from 1848. Besides remodelling his London home at No.4 St James's Square (now the Naval & Military Club) he designed the new Wrest House inspired by French architecture at his Wrest Park estate in Bedfordshire between February 1833 and October 1839, assisted by James Clephan, and maintained the Park adding a number of decorations and statues.

Royal Institute of British Architects Professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

The Royal Architectural Museum was an English museum, established in London in 1851 to educate architects and workers on architectural art. It closed during World War I and most of its collections are now held in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Royal Society national academy of science in the United Kingdom

The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society and the United Kingdom's national academy of sciences. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement. It also performs these roles for the smaller countries of the Commonwealth.

Styles of address

Family

Central part of an engraved escutcheon Robinson quartering Weddell, for 3rd Lord Grantham, on silver gilt, 1802. Central part of an engraved escutcheon Robinson quartering Weddell, for 3rd Lord Grantham, on silver gilt, 1802.jpg
Central part of an engraved escutcheon Robinson quartering Weddell, for 3rd Lord Grantham, on silver gilt, 1802.

Lord de Grey married Lady Henrietta, daughter of William Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen, in 1805. They had two daughters – Ann Florence and Mary Gertrude. His wife Henrietta died in 1848. Lord de Grey survived her by eleven years and died in November 1859, aged 77.

William Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen Irish politician

William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen, styled The Honourable from 1760 to 1767, then known as Lord Mountflorence to 1776 and as Viscount Enniskillen to 1789, was an Irish peer and politician.

He was succeeded in the barony of Lucas of Crudwell by his daughter, Ann, who was Countess Cowper by marriage, as well as Baroness Lucas in her own right.

George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper, styled Viscount Fordwich until 1837, was a British Whig politician. He served briefly as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under his uncle Lord Melbourne in 1834.

His other titles passed to his nephew, George Robinson, 2nd Earl of Ripon.

See also

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References

  1. "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  2. "Grantham, Lord Thomas Philip (GRNN798TP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. 1 2 C. Read, "Peel, De Grey and Irish Policy 1841–44" History, January 2014, p. 1-18.
  4. "Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey - Person - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Upper Ossory
Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire
1818–1859
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bedford
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Auckland
First Lord of the Admiralty
1834–1835
Succeeded by
The Lord Auckland
Preceded by
Viscount Ebrington
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1841–1844
Succeeded by
The Lord Heytesbury
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Amabel Hume-Campbell
Earl de Grey
1833–1859
Succeeded by
George Robinson
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Amabel Hume-Campbell
Baron Lucas
1833–1859
Succeeded by
Anne Cowper
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Robinson
Baron Grantham
1786–1859
Succeeded by
George Robinson
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Norton Robinson
Baronet
(of Newby)
1792–1859
Succeeded by
George Robinson