Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham

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Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham (29 July 1843 – 3 December 1919), of Merton Hall, Norfolk, was an English politician and amateur entomologist. [1]

Merton Hall, Norfolk Country house in Merton, England

Merton Hall is a 19th century country house in Merton, Norfolk, England. The extant north-west wing is a Grade II listed building The 17th-century gatehouse, the 19th century stables and other associated buildings are also listed. The house stands in a park about 2 miles in length.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Contents

Biography

"a Naturalist"
Lord Walsingham as caricatured by T in Vanity Fair, 9 September 1882. Lord Walsingham Vanity Fair 1882-09-09.jpg
"a Naturalist"
Lord Walsingham as caricatured by T in Vanity Fair , 9 September 1882.

Walsingham was the son of Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham, and Augusta-Louisa, daughter of Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet. [2] He was born on Stanhope Street in Mayfair, the family's London house. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. [3] He sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for West Norfolk from 1865 until 1870, when he succeeded to the title and estates of his father, and entered the House of Lords. From 1874 to 1875 he served as a Lord-in-waiting (government whip) in the second Conservative government of Benjamin Disraeli. From 1870 on he also ran the family's estate at Merton, Norfolk, served as trustee of the British Museum and performed many other public functions.

Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham landowner

Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham, of Merton Hall, Norfolk, was a British peer.

Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet English politician and artist

Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet (1784–1849) was an English politician, known also as an artist. In early life he was called Robert Frankland.

Mayfair area of central London, England

Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the eastern edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane. It is one of the most expensive districts in London and the world.

Walsingham was a keen lepidopterist, collecting butterflies and moths from a young age, and being particularly interested in Microlepidoptera. [4] His collection was one of the most important ever made, which after his purchase of the Zeller, Hofmann and Christoph collections contained over 260,000 specimens. He donated it to the Natural History Museum, along with his library of 2,600 books.

Microlepidoptera clade

Microlepidoptera (micromoths) is an artificial grouping of moth families, commonly known as the 'smaller moths'. These generally have wingspans of under 20 mm, and are thus harder to identify by external phenotypic markings than macrolepidoptera. They present some lifestyles which the larger Lepidoptera do not have, but this is not an identifying mark. Some hobbyists further divide this group into separate groups, such as leaf miners or rollers, stem or root borers, and then usually follow the more rigorous scientific taxonomy of lepidopterans. Efforts to stabilize the term have usually proven inadequate.

Philipp Christoph Zeller German entomologist (1808–1883)

Philipp Christoph Zeller was a German entomologist.

Ottmar Hofmann German entomologist

Ottmar Hofmann was a German entomologist.He is not to be confused with Ernst Hofmann also an entomologist specialising in Lepidoptera.

Walsingham was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1887, and was a member of the Entomological Society of London, serving as President on two occasions. He married three times, but left no heir, and was succeeded as Baron by his half-brother. He married his third wife, Agnes Dawson, in 1914. [5] Her daughter was Margaret Damer Dawson.

Royal Society national academy of science in the United Kingdom

The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society and the United Kingdom's national academy of sciences. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement. It also performs these roles for the smaller countries of the Commonwealth.

Margaret Damer Dawson Anti-vivisectionist, philanthropist and a founder of the first British womens police service

Margaret Mary Damer Dawson OBE was a prominent anti-vivisectionist and philanthropist who co-founded the first British women's police service.

On 30 August 1888, Lord Walsingham had a remarkable day shooting on Blubberhouses Moor, Yorkshire, when he killed 1070 grouse. The day started at 05:12 with the first of twenty drives, assisted by two teams of forty beaters, two loaders and four guns. During the sixteenth drive he shot 94 grouse in 21 minutes; a killing rate of one every 13 seconds. The last drive finished at 18:45 and his Lordship managed to shoot fourteen on the walk home. [6]

Yorkshire Historic county of Northern England

Yorkshire, formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.

Red grouse species of bird

The red grouse, Lagopus lagopus scotica, is a medium-sized bird of the grouse family which is found in heather moorland in Great Britain and Ireland. It is usually classified as a subspecies of the willow ptarmigan but is sometimes considered to be a separate species, Lagopus scotica. It is also known as the moorcock, moorfowl or moorbird. Lagopus is derived from Ancient Greek lagos (λαγος), meaning "hare", + pous (πους), "foot", in reference to the feathered feet and toes typical of this cold-adapted genus, and scoticus is "of Scotland".

Driven grouse shooting

Driven grouse shooting is the hunting of the red grouse, a field sport of the United Kingdom. The grouse shooting season extends from 12 August, often called the "Glorious Twelfth", to 10 December each year. Shooting takes place on grouse moors, areas of moorland in northern England and Scotland.

Cricket

Walsingham was a first-class cricketer from 1862 to 1866. Recorded on scorecards as T de Grey, he played in 15 matches, totalling 380 runs with a highest score of 62 and holding 9 catches. He was mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and Cambridge University, also representing the Gentlemen in a Gentlemen v Players match in 1863, [7] and played for I Zingari at Sandringham on 17–18 July 1866 (at which the Prince of Wales opened for the team). [8]

First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.

Run (cricket) run scored in cricket

In cricket, a run is the unit of scoring. The team with the most runs wins in many versions of the game, and always draws at worst, except for some results decided by the DLS method. One run is scored when a batsman has hit the ball with the bat, or with a gloved hand holding the bat, and directed it away from the fielders so that both the striker and the non-striker are able to run the length of the pitch, crossing each other and arriving safely at the other end of the pitch, before the fielders can retrieve the ball and hit the wicket.

Marylebone Cricket Club English Cricket Club

Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, London, England. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence.

Arms

Coat of arms of Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham
Walsingham Achievement.png
Crest
A wyvern's head Or.
Escutcheon
Barry of six Argent and Azure in chief three annulets Gules.
Supporters
Two wyverns regardant Argent collard Azure chained Or ad charged on the breast with three annulets Gules.
Motto
Excitari Non Herescere (To Be Spirited Not Inactive) [9]

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References

  1. "Walsingham, 6th Baron (cr. 1780), Thomas de Grey". Who's Who. Vol. 57. 1905. pp. 1675–1676.
  2. Edmund Lodge (1858). The Peerage of the British Empire. pp. 576–.
  3. "De Grey, the Hon. Thomas (D861T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. Rao, BR Subba (1998) History of entomology in India. Institution of Agricultural Technologists, Bangalore.
  5. Visitation of England and Wales, Volume 19, Page 329
  6. Avery, Mark (2015). Inglorious: Conflict in the Uplands. London: Bloomsbury. p. 59. ISBN   978 1 4729 1741 6.
  7. "Tommy de Grey". CricketArchive. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  8. Sporting Life, 21 July 1866, p. 4.
  9. Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage. 2000.
Bibliography
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George William Pierrepont Bentinck
Brampton Gurdon
Member of Parliament for West Norfolk
1865–1870
With: Sir William Bagge
Succeeded by
Sir William Bagge
George William Pierrepont Bentinck
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Wrottesley
Lord-in-waiting
1874–1875
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas de Grey
Baron Walsingham
1870–1919
Succeeded by
John Augustus de Grey