Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham

Last updated


Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham (29 July 1843 – 3 December 1919), of Merton Hall, Norfolk, was an English politician and amateur entomologist. [1]

Merton Hall, Norfolk Country house in Merton, England

Merton Hall is a 19th century country house in Merton, Norfolk, England. The extant north-west wing is a Grade II listed building The 17th-century gatehouse, the 19th century stables and other associated buildings are also listed. The house stands in a park about 2 miles in length.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.



"a Naturalist"
Lord Walsingham as caricatured by T in Vanity Fair, 9 September 1882. Lord Walsingham Vanity Fair 1882-09-09.jpg
"a Naturalist"
Lord Walsingham as caricatured by T in Vanity Fair , 9 September 1882.

Walsingham was the son of Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham, and Augusta-Louisa, daughter of Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet. [2] He was born on Stanhope Street in Mayfair, the family's London house. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. [3] He sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for West Norfolk from 1865 until 1870, when he succeeded to the title and estates of his father, and entered the House of Lords. From 1874 to 1875 he served as a Lord-in-waiting (government whip) in the second Conservative government of Benjamin Disraeli. From 1870 on he also ran the family's estate at Merton, Norfolk, served as trustee of the British Museum and performed many other public functions.

Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham landowner

Thomas de Grey, 5th Baron Walsingham, of Merton Hall, Norfolk, was a British peer.

Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet English politician and artist

Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, 7th Baronet (1784–1849) was an English politician, known also as an artist. In early life he was called Robert Frankland.

Mayfair area of central London, England

Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the eastern edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane. It is one of the most expensive districts in London and the world.

Walsingham was a keen lepidopterist, collecting butterflies and moths from a young age, and being particularly interested in Microlepidoptera. [4] His collection was one of the most important ever made, which after his purchase of the Zeller, Hofmann and Christoph collections contained over 260,000 specimens. He donated it to the Natural History Museum, along with his library of 2,600 books.

Microlepidoptera clade

Microlepidoptera (micromoths) is an artificial grouping of moth families, commonly known as the 'smaller moths'. These generally have wingspans of under 20 mm, and are thus harder to identify by external phenotypic markings than macrolepidoptera. They present some lifestyles which the larger Lepidoptera do not have, but this is not an identifying mark. Some hobbyists further divide this group into separate groups, such as leaf miners or rollers, stem or root borers, and then usually follow the more rigorous scientific taxonomy of lepidopterans. Efforts to stabilize the term have usually proven inadequate.

Philipp Christoph Zeller German entomologist (1808–1883)

Philipp Christoph Zeller was a German entomologist.

Ottmar Hofmann German entomologist

Ottmar Hofmann was a German entomologist.He is not to be confused with Ernst Hofmann also an entomologist specialising in Lepidoptera.

Walsingham was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1887, and was a member of the Entomological Society of London, serving as President on two occasions. He married three times, but left no heir, and was succeeded as Baron by his half-brother. He married his third wife, Agnes Dawson, in 1914. [5] Her daughter was Margaret Damer Dawson.

Royal Society national academy of science in the United Kingdom

The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society and the United Kingdom's national academy of sciences. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement. It also performs these roles for the smaller countries of the Commonwealth.

Margaret Damer Dawson Anti-vivisectionist, philanthropist and a founder of the first British womens police service

Margaret Mary Damer Dawson OBE was a prominent anti-vivisectionist and philanthropist who co-founded the first British women's police service.

On 30 August 1888, Lord Walsingham had a remarkable day shooting on Blubberhouses Moor, Yorkshire, when he killed 1070 grouse. The day started at 05:12 with the first of twenty drives, assisted by two teams of forty beaters, two loaders and four guns. During the sixteenth drive he shot 94 grouse in 21 minutes; a killing rate of one every 13 seconds. The last drive finished at 18:45 and his Lordship managed to shoot fourteen on the walk home. [6]

Yorkshire Historic county of Northern England

Yorkshire, formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.

Red grouse species of bird

The red grouse, Lagopus lagopus scotica, is a medium-sized bird of the grouse family which is found in heather moorland in Great Britain and Ireland. It is usually classified as a subspecies of the willow ptarmigan but is sometimes considered to be a separate species, Lagopus scotica. It is also known as the moorcock, moorfowl or moorbird. Lagopus is derived from Ancient Greek lagos (λαγος), meaning "hare", + pous (πους), "foot", in reference to the feathered feet and toes typical of this cold-adapted genus, and scoticus is "of Scotland".

Driven grouse shooting

Driven grouse shooting is the hunting of the red grouse, a field sport of the United Kingdom. The grouse shooting season extends from 12 August, often called the "Glorious Twelfth", to 10 December each year. Shooting takes place on grouse moors, areas of moorland in northern England and Scotland.


Walsingham was a first-class cricketer from 1862 to 1866. Recorded on scorecards as T de Grey, he played in 15 matches, totalling 380 runs with a highest score of 62 and holding 9 catches. He was mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and Cambridge University, also representing the Gentlemen in a Gentlemen v Players match in 1863, [7] and played for I Zingari at Sandringham on 17–18 July 1866 (at which the Prince of Wales opened for the team). [8]

First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.

Run (cricket) run scored in cricket

In cricket, a run is the unit of scoring. The team with the most runs wins in many versions of the game, and always draws at worst, except for some results decided by the DLS method. One run is scored when a batsman has hit the ball with the bat, or with a gloved hand holding the bat, and directed it away from the fielders so that both the striker and the non-striker are able to run the length of the pitch, crossing each other and arriving safely at the other end of the pitch, before the fielders can retrieve the ball and hit the wicket.

Marylebone Cricket Club English Cricket Club

Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, London, England. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence.


Coat of arms of Thomas de Grey, 6th Baron Walsingham
Walsingham Achievement.png
A wyvern's head Or.
Barry of six Argent and Azure in chief three annulets Gules.
Two wyverns regardant Argent collard Azure chained Or ad charged on the breast with three annulets Gules.
Excitari Non Herescere (To Be Spirited Not Inactive) [9]

Related Research Articles

Baron Walsingham

Baron Walsingham, of Walsingham in the County of Norfolk, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.

Baron Henniker

Baron Henniker, of Stratford-upon-Slaney in County Wicklow, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Sir John Henniker, 2nd Baronet, who had previously represented Sudbury and Dover in the House of Commons. His son, the second Baron, also sat as a Member of Parliament. In 1792 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Major. He was childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the third Baron. He assumed the additional surname of Major by Royal licence in 1822. His son, the fourth Baron, represented Suffolk East in Parliament. In 1866 he was created Baron Hartismere, of Hartismere in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This title gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Suffolk East and later held minor office in the Conservative administrations of Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury. His grandson, the eighth Baron, was a prominent diplomat and notably served as British Ambassador to Jordan and to Denmark. As of 2014 the titles are held by the latter's son, the ninth Baron, who succeeded in 2004.

Baron Sudeley

Baron Sudeley is a title that has been created thrice in British history, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1299 when John de Sudeley was summoned to Parliament as Lord Sudeley. On the death of the third Baron in 1367 the title fell into abeyance. The abeyance was terminated in 1380 when Thomas Boteler, the fourth Baron, became sole heir. The sixth Baron was created Baron Sudeley by letters patent in 1441. He served as Lord High Treasurer from 1444 to 1447. On his death in 1473 the 1441 creation became extinct while the 1299 creation once again fell into abeyance.

Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk British politician

Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk,, styled Earl of Surrey between 1815 and 1842, was a British Whig politician and peer.

Henry Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton Irish writer and Whig politician

Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton PC, known as Sir Henry Parnell, Bt, from 1812 to 1841, was an Irish writer and Whig politician. He was a member of the Whig administrations headed by Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne of the 1830s and also published works on financial and penal questions as well as on civil engineering. He was the great-uncle of Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell.

William Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Exeter British politician

William Alleyne Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Exeter PC, styled Lord Burghley between 1825 and 1867, was a British peer and Conservative politician. He served as Treasurer of the Household between 1866 and 1867 and as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms between 1867 and 1868.

William de Grey, 1st Baron Walsingham British lawyer, judge and politician

William de Grey, 1st Baron Walsingham PC KC, was a British lawyer, judge and politician. He served as Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas between 1771 and 1780.

George Barrington, 7th Viscount Barrington British politician

George William Barrington, 7th Viscount Barrington, PC was a British Conservative politician. He held office under Lord Salisbury as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard between 1885 and 1886 and as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms in 1886.

Henry de Grey English knight

Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock, Essex (1155–1219) was a favourite courtier of King John of England.

George Philip Cecil Arthur Stanhope, 7th Earl of Chesterfield, styled Lord Stanhope until 1866, was a British soldier, and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1860 until 1866 when he inherited his peerage and sat in the House of Lords. He was a cricketer who played first-class cricket for Nottinghamshire and was the first president of Derbyshire County Cricket Club.

Thomas de Grey, 2nd Baron Walsingham British politician and Baron

Thomas de Grey, 2nd Baron Walsingham PC, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1781 when he succeeded to the peerage as Baron Walsingham. He served as Joint Postmaster General and was for many years Chairman of Committees in the House of Lords.

House of Grey English manor house

The House of Grey is an ancient English noble family originating from Creully in Normandy. Its name, initially having been difficult to comprehend in the English language, was variously transliterated as Grey, Grai, Greye, Gray, etc.

Thomas de Grey, 4th Baron Walsingham

The Ven. Thomas de Grey, 4th Baron Walsingham, MA was Archdeacon of Winchester from 1807 until 1814; and then of Surrey from 1814 until his death.

George de Grey, 3rd Baron Walsingham

George de Grey, 3rd Baron Walsingham, of Merton Hall, Norfolk, was a British peer and Army officer.

Thomas de Grey of Merton Hall, Norfolk was an English landowner and Member of Parliament.

William de Grey of Merton Hall, Norfolk was an East Anglian landowner and Tory Member of Parliament. He was the grandfather of his namesake William de Grey, 1st Baron Walsingham.

Thomas de Grey of Merton, Norfolk, was an English landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1708 and 1727.


  1. "Walsingham, 6th Baron (cr. 1780), Thomas de Grey". Who's Who. Vol. 57. 1905. pp. 1675–1676.
  2. Edmund Lodge (1858). The Peerage of the British Empire. pp. 576–.
  3. "De Grey, the Hon. Thomas (D861T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. Rao, BR Subba (1998) History of entomology in India. Institution of Agricultural Technologists, Bangalore.
  5. Visitation of England and Wales, Volume 19, Page 329
  6. Avery, Mark (2015). Inglorious: Conflict in the Uplands. London: Bloomsbury. p. 59. ISBN   978 1 4729 1741 6.
  7. "Tommy de Grey". CricketArchive. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  8. Sporting Life, 21 July 1866, p. 4.
  9. Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage. 2000.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George William Pierrepont Bentinck
Brampton Gurdon
Member of Parliament for West Norfolk
With: Sir William Bagge
Succeeded by
Sir William Bagge
George William Pierrepont Bentinck
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Wrottesley
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas de Grey
Baron Walsingham
Succeeded by
John Augustus de Grey