Thomas de Lanouguère

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Thomas de Lanouguère (1644 May 1678) was a soldier, seigneur and administrator in New France. He was acting governor of Montreal in 1674. His descendants adopted the surnames Lanaudière, Tarieu de Lanaudière and Tarieu de La Pérade. [1]

Seigneurial system of New France

The manorial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land tenure used in the North American French colonial empire.

New France area colonized by France in North America

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The Governor of Montreal was the highest position in Montreal in the 17th century and the 18th century. Prior to the establishment of the 1663 Sovereign Council, the governor of Montreal was appointed by the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal. The Governor had responsibilities over both military and civil affairs in Montreal.

The son of Jean de Lanouguère and Jeanne de Samalins, he was born in Mirande, France and arrived in Canada as an ensign in the Carignan-Salières Regiment and took part in an expedition against the Iroquois. When the company was disbanded, Lanouguère remained in Canada and, in 1670, purchased land along the Sainte-Anne River, now part of the parish of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade. In 1672, he married Marguerite-Renée, the daughter of Pierre Denys de la Ronde. In the same year, he was named lieutenant for the guards of Governor Frontenac. The following year, he was named interim commandant at Montreal and captain of Frontenac's guards at Quebec City. Lanouguère died suddenly at Quebec City five years later. [1]

Mirande Subprefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Mirande is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Carignan-Salières Regiment French military unit active in New France

The Carignan-Salières Regiment was a Piedmont French military unit formed by merging two other regiments in 1659. They were led by the new Governor, Daniel de Rémy de Courcelles, and Lieutenant General Alexandre de Prouville, Sieur de Tracy. Approximately 1,200 men arrived in New France the middle of 1665.

In 1708, his widow married Jacques-Alexis de Fleury Deschambault, lieutenant-general of the royal jurisdiction of Montreal. His son Pierre-Thomas Tarieu de La Pérade inherited the seigneury and later married Madeleine de Verchères, [1] famous for thwarting an Iroquois raid on Fort Verchères.

Madeleine de Verchères Canadian hero

Marie-Madeleine Jarret, known as Madeleine de Verchères was a woman of New France credited with repelling a raid on Fort Verchères when she was 14 years old.

The rue De Lanaudière in Quebec city takes its name from his family. [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Douville, Raymond (1979) [1966]. "Thomas de Lanouguère". In Brown, George Williams. Dictionary of Canadian Biography . I (1000–1700) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  2. "De Lanaudière". La liste des anciens toponymes (in French). Ville de Quebec.