Thomas de Strickland

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Arms of family of Strickland of Sizergh Strickland of Westmorland arms.svg
Arms of family of Strickland of Sizergh

Sir Thomas de Strickland (also Stryckeland; 1367 – 30 July 1455) was an English soldier. He is best known for carrying the banner of St. George at the battle of Agincourt. [1] [2]

Battle of Agincourt English victory in the Hundred Years War

The Battle of Agincourt was one of the greatest English victories in the Hundred Years' War. It took place on 25 October 1415 near Azincourt in the County of Saint-Pol, in northern France. England's unexpected victory against a numerically superior French army boosted English morale and prestige, crippled France, and started a new period in the war during which the English began enjoying great military successes.

Contents

Battle of Agincourt Battle of Agincourt, St. Alban's Chronicle by Thomas Walsingham.jpg
Battle of Agincourt

At war

Biography

On 21 July 1403, de Strickland fought on the Royalist side at the Battle of Shrewsbury for Henry IV and was awarded by the King, a sum of £38 and two horses which had belonged to the rebel Henry Percy (Hotspur). [3] He was also rewarded for his valiant efforts by being made Keeper of Inglewood royal forest in Cumberland. [4]

Battle of Shrewsbury battle

The Battle of Shrewsbury was a battle fought on 21 July 1403, waged between an army led by the Lancastrian King Henry IV and a rebel army led by Henry "Harry Hotspur" Percy from Northumberland. The battle, the first in which English archers fought each other on English soil, reaffirmed the effectiveness of the longbow and ended the Percy challenge to King Henry IV of England.

Henry IV of England 15th-century King of England

Henry IV, also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.

He was appointed Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire for 1410 and for 1414. [4]

This is a list of High Sheriffs of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire. One sheriff was appointed for both counties from 1125 until the end of 1575, after which separate sheriffs were appointed. See High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire for dates before 1125 or after 1575.

He was elected one of the knights of the shire (to represent Westmorland in the Parliament of England) in 1404, 1429, and 1431. [4]

Westmorland was a constituency covering the county of Westmorland in the North of England, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Parliament of England historic legislature of the Kingdom of England

The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it merged with the Parliament of Scotland to become the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 October 1415, de Strickland and his Men at arms, including a group of archers known as "the Kendal Bowmen", were part of the army of King Henry V which won a major battle at Agincourt in North West France against superior numbers. As de Strickland was a knight in training, or esquire, he fought dismounted with a sword, It was a question of honour that a man who carried the banner of St. George did so without the protection of a shield, as he would be protected by his men at arms.

Man-at-arms Armoured medieval soldier

A man-at-arms was a soldier of the High Medieval to Renaissance periods who was typically well-versed in the use of arms and served as a fully armoured heavy cavalryman. A man-at-arms could be a knight or nobleman, a member of a knight or nobleman's retinue or a mercenary in a company under a mercenary captain. Such men could serve for pay or through a feudal obligation. The terms knight and man-at-arms are often used interchangeably, but while all knights equipped for war certainly were men-at-arms, not all men-at-arms were knights.

Henry V of England 15th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Henry V, also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his early death in 1422. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe. Immortalised in the plays of Shakespeare, Henry is known and celebrated as one of the great warrior kings of medieval England.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Family life

In 1405, de Strickland married Mabel de Beethom, daughter of Sir John de Bethom, and they had several children, including: [5]

Strickland had been knighted by 1418, not long after the Battle of Agincourt. After that time it became common practice amongst noble families to drop the English "of" and the French "de" from their names, so Sir Thomas de (or of) Strickland became Sir Thomas Strickland.

Later Stricklands

Thomas' son Walter Strickland (described in 1452 as an 'esquire') was an indentured retainer of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and his 1452 indenture survives. He contracts to support the Earl of Salisbury with "bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76". [6] (The term 'harnessed' refers to armour, not a horse harness.) During his father's lifetime he carried his father's banner of sable three escallops argent, but differenced by the overlay of a label of three points or.

Succeeding his father as Sir Walter, he is known to have fought for the Yorkists at 1st St Alban's in 1455 and Blore Heath in 1459. [7] He married Douce Croft.

Sir Thomas Strickland was Walter's eldest son and he married Agnes Parr and later Margaret, widow of Sir John Byron. He also fought on the Yorkist side at Barnet (1471), where he was knighted by Edward IV, as well as fighting at Bosworth in 1485 for Richard III. He survived the battle and died in 1494. [8]

See also

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Strickland (surname) Surname list

The English surname Strickland is derived from the place-name Stercaland, of Old Norse origins, which is found in Westmorland to the south of Penrith. It has been used as a family name at least since the late 12th century, when Walter of Castlecarrock married Christian of Leteham, an heiress to the landed estate that covered the area where the villages of Great Strickland and Little Strickland are now. After this marriage Walter became known as Walter of Strickland, spelt in various ways.

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Thomas Strickland may refer to:

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References

  1. Burke, John (1837). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry. Henry Colburn. p. 56. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  2. Burke, John (1835). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. H. Colburn. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  3. http://www.battleofshrewsbury.org/contributions
  4. 1 2 3 "STRICKLAND, Thomas II (d.1455), of Sizergh, Westmld". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 2012-04-27.
  5. http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/STRICKLAND.htm%5Bunreliable+source%5D
  6. quoted in Oman's The Art Of War in the Middle Ages page 408
  7. Heraldic Banners of the Wars of the Roses by Thomas Coveney
  8. Heraldic Banners of the Wars of the Roses by Thomas Coveney

Bibliography

Political offices
Preceded by
Baldwin Pigot
High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire
1409–1410
Succeeded by
Richard Wyot
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Aylesbury
High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire
1413–1414
Succeeded by
Edmund Hampden