Thomas-François de Treil de Pardailhan (1754, Paris - 2 August 1822, Pardailhan) was the eldest of an ennobled Languedocien family, originating in the Saint-Pons-de-Thomières region. At first an officer in the Maison Militaire du Roi, baron Thomas de Treil de Pardailhan was Maître d'hôtel du Roi at the Court of Versailles at the end of the Ancien Régime. His writings, however, show him as an opponent of the privileges of aristocracy and in favor of the new ideas. The French Revolution marks a rupture with his milieu: in support of deep social reform, he was elected député for Paris in 1791 to the Legislative Assembly, but always remained attached to the idea of a constitutional monarchy and was imprisoned as a suspect during the Reign of Terror. Ruined by bad business dealings under the Directory and by sources of income he had lost in the Revolution, he ended his life at his château at Pardailhan in 1822.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.
Languedoc is a former province of France. Its territory is now contained in the modern-day region of Occitanie in the south of France. Its capital city was Toulouse. It had an area of approximately 27,376 square kilometers.
Saint-Pons-de-Thomières is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
From his earliest youth Thomas de Treil de Pardailhan embarked on a military career, being made a gendarme de la garde du roi aged 10, then a musketeer , and finally becoming an ensign in the Swiss Guards of Monsieur frère du roi , with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. After 20 years' service, he was made a knight of the Order of St Louis.
The Musketeers of the Guard or King's Musketeers ; full name - Musketeers of the military household of the King of France were a fighting company of the military branch of the Maison du Roi, the Royal Household of the French monarchy.
Ensign is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag, the rank acquired the name. This rank has generally been replaced in army ranks by second lieutenant. Ensigns were generally the lowest ranking commissioned officer, except where the rank of subaltern existed. In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, لواء, liwa', derives from the command of units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is today the equivalent of a major general.
Louis XVIII, known as "the Desired", was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1814 to 1824, except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. He spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba.
After his 1782 marriage to Charlotte Gautier de Vinfrais, he became seigneur of Pardailhan (Hérault) and took the title baron de Pardailhan.
Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others acting like a master, a chief, or a ruler. The appellation can also denote certain persons who hold a title of the peerage in the United Kingdom, or are entitled to courtesy titles. The collective "Lords" can refer to a group or body of peers.
Hérault is a department in southern France named after the Hérault. It is part of the Occitanie region of the country.
In 1785, he served Louis XVI at Versailles in the essentially honorific role of Conseiller Maître d'hôtel du roi.
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title "King of France and Navarre", which he used until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of "King of the French" until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792.
As early as the first events of 1789 Thomas-François engaged with passion in political life - he was made a delegate in March that year by the representatives of the Three Estates of Saint-Pons, to support the writing of a constitution.
In 1790, he was elector of the canton of Villejuif, and in 1791 the administrator of the département of Paris (conseiller général). In September 1791, he was elected to be the député for the département of Paris in the Legislative Assembly, and got himself known for legal propositions on the organisation of France's armies (especially a proposition condemning émigré officers to death). He is known to have proposed the creation of a military decoration to the Legislative Assembly, and this is taken as the precedent for the Légion d'honneur. Treil-Pardailhan was the member of the diplomatic committee, implicated in triggering war with the European powers
The Prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire, or Electors for short, were the members of the electoral college that elected the Holy Roman Emperor.
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's arrondissements and departments.
Villejuif is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 7 km (4.3 mi) from the centre of Paris.
In 1794, during the Terror, he was imprisoned as a moderate in the prison Saint-Lazare in Paris, only just escaping the guillotine, when he was questioned about conspiracy in the prisons.
Under the Directory, he founded a company charged with provisioning the armies of the Republic. This and other hazardous investments put him in a more and more difficult financial situation. In 1800, ruined, he rallied to Napoleon's new regime but, pursued by his creditors, in 1806 he went into self-imposed exile in Milan in Italy, from where he learnt of the expropriation of domaine of Pardailhan by his own brother Alexandre. Returning to France, he definitively installed himself at the château at Pardailhan, repurchased by his wife Charlotte.
On the Bourbon Restoration in 1815 he was named mayor of the commune of Pardailhan. He died on 2 August 1822 at the château de Pardailhan, and the commune still holds his tomb, in a state of disrepair.
Augustin Barruel was a French publicist and Jesuit priest. He is now mostly known for setting forth the conspiracy theory involving the Bavarian Illuminati and the Jacobins in his book Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism published in 1797. In short, Barruel wrote that the French Revolution was planned and executed by the secret societies.
Antoine-Vincent Arnault was a French playwright.
The Prison Saint-Lazare was a prison in the 10th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Jean-Rodolphe Perronet was a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges. His best known work is the Pont de la Concorde (1787).
Jacques-Pierre Charles Abbatucci was a Corsican-born French politician. He was a grandson of Jacques Pierre Abbatucci and a nephew of Charles Abbatucci, both of them generals of the French Revolutionary Wars.
The 2nd constituency of Indre is a French legislative constituency in the Indre département.
The 2nd constituency of Indre-et-Loire is one of five French legislative constituencies in the Indre-et-Loire département.
The 5th constituency of Indre-et-Loire is one of five French legislative constituencies in the Indre-et-Loire département.
The 3rd constituency of Isère is one of ten French legislative constituencies in the Isère département.
The 5th constituency of Isère is one of ten French legislative constituencies in the Isère département.
The 7th constituency of Isère is one of ten French legislative constituencies in the Isère département.
The 8th constituency of Isère is one of ten French legislative constituencies in the Isère département.
The 9th constituency of Isère is one of ten French legislative constituencies in the Isère département.
The 2nd constituency of Loir-et-Cher is one of three French legislative constituencies in the Loir-et-Cher department, in the Centre-Val de Loire region.
The 5th constituency of the Loiret is a French legislative constituency in the Loiret département. Like the other 576 French constituencies, it elects one MP using the first past the post election system with a run-off.
The 1st constituency of Loire is one of six French legislative constituencies in the Loire department, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
The 2nd constituency of Loire is one of six French legislative constituencies in the Loire department, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
Louis-Basile de Bernage was a French aristocrat, seigneur of Saint-Maurice, Vaux, and Chassy, and a politician under the ancien régime. From 1743 to 1757, he was the Prévot des Marchands of Paris.
The 10th constituency of the Rhône is a French legislative constituency in the Rhône département. Like the other 576 French constituencies, it elects one MP using the first past the post election system with a run-off.
The 14th constituency of the Rhône is a French legislative constituency in the Rhône département. Like the other 576 French constituencies, it elects one MP using the first past the post election system with a run-off.