Thomas von Absberg

Last updated

Hans Thomas von Absberg (1477 3 July 1531) was a Frankish knight of the Absberg family, known as a robber baron.

He kidnapped important travellers like royal legates or merchants from Nuremberg or Augsburg. He was supported by several Frankish knights, who helped to hide the hostages, e.g. members of the houses of Sparneck or the Guttenberg. The hostages were taken on a route with several castles far away from the point they were kidnapped. An advantage for Thomas von Absberg were the nearby borders of several principalities and sometimes he escaped to Bohemia. He was known for the cruelty of cutting off the right hand with a dussack and sending it to the family of his victims to underline his demands for ransom. During the 1522 Diet of Nuremberg von Absberg sent Emperor Charles V severed hands to spite him. [1]

Eventually prisoners held at the Waldsteinburg were able to escape and reveal who the supporters of Thomas von Absberg were and where their castles were. To punish the behaviour of Thomas von Absberg the Swabian League destroyed the family's castle seat in 1523, as well as all of the castles belonging to the House of Sparneck. This was documented in a series of woodcuts by Hans Wandereisen. But Thomas von Absberg was not caught and continued his robbery, until he was murdered in Alten-Sedlitz in 1531 by one of his accomplices.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hans Baldung</span> 16th century German painter and printmaker

Hans Baldung, called Hans Baldung Grien,, was a painter, printer, engraver, draftsman, and stained glass artist, who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer and whose art belongs to both German Renaissance and Mannerism. Throughout his lifetime, he developed a distinctive style, full of colour, expression and imagination. His talents were varied, and he produced a great and extensive variety of work including portraits, woodcuts, drawings, tapestries, altarpieces, and stained glass, often relying on allegories and mythological motifs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fugger family</span> Augsburg based family of European bankers

The House of Fugger is a German upper bourgeois family that was historically a prominent group of European bankers, members of the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century mercantile patriciate of Augsburg, international mercantile bankers, and venture capitalists. Alongside the Welser family, the Fugger family controlled much of the European economy in the sixteenth century and accumulated enormous wealth. The Fuggers held a near monopoly on the European copper market.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Landshut</span> Town in Bavaria, Germany

Landshut is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany. Situated on the banks of the River Isar, Landshut is the capital of Lower Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding district, and has a population of more than 70,000. Landshut is the largest city in Lower Bavaria, followed by Passau and Straubing, and Eastern Bavaria's second biggest city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hans Sachs</span> German meistersinger ("mastersinger"), poet, playwright and shoemaker

Hans Sachs was a German Meistersinger ("mastersinger"), poet, playwright, and shoemaker.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Katharina von Bora</span> Protestant reformer, wife of Martin Luther

Katharina von Bora, after her wedding Katharina Luther, also referred to as "die Lutherin", was the wife of Martin Luther, German reformer and a seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation. Beyond what is found in the writings of Luther and some of his contemporaries, little is known about her. Despite this, Katharina is often considered an important participant of the Reformation because of her role in helping to set precedents for Protestant family life and clergy marriages.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ulrich von Hutten</span> German scholar, poet and reformer (1488-1523)

Ulrich von Hutten was a German knight, scholar, poet and satirist, who later became a follower of Martin Luther and a Protestant reformer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen</span> German novelist

Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen was a German author. He is best known for his 1669 picaresque novel Simplicius Simplicissimus and the accompanying Simplician Scriptures series.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Schmalkalden</span> Town in Thuringia, Germany

Schmalkalden is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district, in the southwest of the state of Thuringia, Germany. It is on the southern slope of the Thuringian Forest at the Schmalkalde river, a tributary to the Werra. As of 31 December 2010, the town had a population of 19,978.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach</span>

Casimirof Brandenburg-Bayreuth was Margrave of Bayreuth or Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach from 1515 to 1527.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waldsteinburg</span>

The Waldsteinburg, also called the Red Castle is a ruined castle on the summit of the Großer Waldstein in the Fichtel Mountains of Germany. It is also known as the Westburg to distinguish it from the older ruins of the Ostburg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sparneck family</span>

The House of Sparneck was a local noble family in Franconia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">House of Absberg</span>

Absberg was a local noble family in Franconia.

The Bavarian War from 1459 to 1463, also known as the Princes' War, was a result of the expansionist ambitions of the two warring Principalities, pitting Margrave, later Elector, Albert Achilles from the House of Hohenzollern, which by this time had already annexed the principalities of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg-Ansbach, against Duke Louis "the Rich" of Bavaria-Landshut from the House of Wittelsbach.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rothenberg Fortress</span>

Rothenberg Fortress is a fortress on the eponymous hill, 588 m, near Schnaittach in the Franconian Jura.

In 1497, Konrad Schott von Schottenstein was elected Burgrave of Rothenberg. This castle and land had been sought after for a long time by the city of Nuremberg. With Schott as the Burgrave, Nuremberg could only receive the land if they successfully outmaneuvered Schott both politically and, if necessary, militarily. The tension soon began to rise between Schott and Nuremberg over the issues of land and rights. This tension would finally break in 1498, "provok[ing] furore across Germany".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Franconia</span> Aspect of history

Franconia is a region that is not precisely defined, but which lies in the north of the Free State of Bavaria, parts of Baden-Württemberg and South Thuringia and Hesse in Germany. It is characterised by its own cultural and linguistic heritage. Its history began with the first recorded human settlement about 600,000 years ago. Thuringii, Alemanni and Franks, who gave the region its name, settled the area in the Early Middle Ages. From the mid-9th century, the Stem Duchy of Franconia emerged as one of the five stem duchies of the Empire of East Francia. On 2 July 1500, during the reign of Emperor Maximilian I, as part of the Imperial Reform, the empire was divided into Imperial Circles. The Franconian Circle, which was formed as a result of this restructuring, became decisive in the creation of a Franconian national identity. A feature of Franconia in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period was its Kleinstaaterei, an extreme fragmentation into little states and territories. In the 19th century under Napoleon, large parts of Franconia were incorporated into the newly created Kingdom of Bavaria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franconian War</span>

The Franconian War was waged in 1523 when the Swabian League attacked several robber baron castles in Franconia, whose nobles were supporters of Hans Thomas of Absberg in the Absberg Feud.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hiltpoltstein Castle</span>

Hiltpoltstein Castle was originally a high mediaeval aristocratic castle dating to the 11th or 12th century. It stands in the centre of the market village of Markt Hiltpoltstein in the Upper Franconian county of Forchheim in the south German state of Bavaria. Its present appearance as a triple-winged building goes back to renovations carried out at the end of the 16th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patriciate (Nuremberg)</span> Medieval Nuremberg Government

The Patriciate of the Imperial City of Nuremberg, the families entitled to the Inner Council, represented the actual center of power in Nuremberg until the French occupation in 1806.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wurzer family</span> Chronology of the Bavarian noble family, Wurzer von Wurz.

Wurzer is the name of an old Upper Palatinate noble family. The family belonged to the uradel in the Nordgau and first appeared in the 11th century as reichministeriales of the Holy Roman Emperor. Later, in the 13th century, they served as ministeriales, knights and burgmanner of the Landgraves of Leuchtenberg:.

References

  1. Dürer and his culture. Dagmar Eichberger, Charles Zika. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 1998. ISBN   0-521-62037-6. OCLC   37322356.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)