Thombattu

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Thombattu
Village
India Karnataka location map.svg
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Thombattu
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°39′51.4″N74°59′10.3″E / 13.664278°N 74.986194°E / 13.664278; 74.986194 Coordinates: 13°39′51.4″N74°59′10.3″E / 13.664278°N 74.986194°E / 13.664278; 74.986194
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Karnataka
District Udupi
Nearest city Kundapur
Languages
  Official Kannada, Tulu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code08259
Vehicle registration KA-20
Nearest cityUdupi
Climate Tropical (Köppen)

Thombattu is a village in Kundapura Taluk in Karnataka, India. It is in the Udupi district. It is located 45 km towards North from District headquarters Udupi. 26 km from Kundapura. 410 km from State capital Bangalore. Kota, Udupi, Karkala, Sagar are the nearby cities.

Karnataka State in southern India

Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore (Bengaluru).

India Country in South Asia

India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Udupi district District in Karnataka, India

Udupi district in the Karnataka state of India was created in August 1997. The three northern taluks, Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala, were separated from Dakshina Kannada District to form Udupi district. Moodbidri was officially declared as new Taluk, seprated from Karkala with effect from January 11, 2018. The district headquarters are in the city of Udupi.

Contents

Geography

Thombattu is bounded on the west by the Arabian Sea, and the east by the Western Ghats. Thombattu consists of patches of paddy fields and coconut gardens imbedded in a hilly and forest terrain. This place receives heavy rain fall from June to October every year and climate is tropical.

Arabian Sea A marginal sea of the northern Indian Ocean between the Arabian Peninsula and India

The Arabian Sea is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, on the southeast by the Laccadive Sea, on the southwest by the Somali Sea, and on the east by India. Its total area is 3,862,000 km2 (1,491,000 sq mi) and its maximum depth is 4,652 metres (15,262 ft). The Gulf of Aden in the west, connects the Arabian Sea to the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, and the Gulf of Oman is in the northwest, connecting it to the Persian Gulf.

Western Ghats mountain range running parallel to the western coast of India

Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri is a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. It is a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's flora and fauna; many of which are only found in India and nowhere else in the world. According to UNESCO, Western Ghats are older than Himalayan mountains. It also influences Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. A total of thirty-nine areas including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.

Paddy field flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice

A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice. Paddy cultivation should not be confused with cultivation of deepwater rice, which is grown in flooded conditions with water more than 50 cm (20 in) deep for at least a month. Genetic evidence shows that all forms of paddy rice, both indica and japonica, spring from a domestication of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon that first occurred 8,200–13,500 years ago South of the Yangtze River in present-day China. However, the domesticated indica subspecies currently appears to be a product of the introgression of favorable alleles from japonica at a later date, so that there are possibly several events of cultivation and domestication. Paddy fields are the typical feature of rice farming in east, south and southeast Asia. Fields can be built into steep hillsides as terraces and adjacent to depressed or steeply sloped features such as rivers or marshes. They can require a great deal of labor and materials to create, and need large quantities of water for irrigation. Oxen and water buffalo, adapted for life in wetlands, are important working animals used extensively in paddy field farming.

thombattu falls IrkiGedde or Abbi Gundi Waterfalls.jpg
thombattu falls
Thombattu falls,photo by Avinash Shettigar Thombattufalls.jpg
Thombattu falls,photo by Avinash Shettigar
arecanut tree thombattu, photo by Avinash Shettigar Arecanut tree thombattu.jpg
arecanut tree thombattu, photo by Avinash Shettigar
Government School Thombattu, photo by Avinash Shettigar Government School Thombattu.jpg
Government School Thombattu, photo by Avinash Shettigar

Economy

The main economic activity of the village is agriculture: rice, coconut, arecanut and cashews. Rubber is also a main product.

Agriculture Cultivation of plants and animals to provide useful products

Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first.

Rice cereal grain and seed of Oryza sativa

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima. As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.

Coconut species of plant

The coconut tree is a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos. The term "coconut" can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. The term is derived from the 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning "head" or "skull" after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.

thombattu river Thombattu river.jpg
thombattu river

Varahi River

The Varahi River, in locality it is called as Bagimane rive or Machattu river [1] or Halady river, [2] flows on the northern side of the village[ citation needed ] and is one of irrigation sources for river bank arecanut garden. This river, which is also called Halady river, joins the Arabian Sea near Kundapura after passing through Basrur, a historical village. flow in this river is greatly reduced after construction of the Mani Dam across the Varahi River, near Masthikatte. [3] this dam is very near to thombattu

Varahi River originates and flows through Western Ghats in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also known as Halady or Haladi river in downstream areas. It joins the Arabian sea after flowing through places like Halady, Basrur, Kundapura and Gangolli. It joins with the Souparnika River, Kedaka River, Chakra River, and Kubja River which are known by Panchagangavali river and merges into the Arabian Sea. Pancha means five in Kannada and Samskrita and Ganga means river. According to mythology, Varaha is one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Varahi is consort of Varaha.

Basrur village in Karnataka, India

Basrur / Basroor is a village in Kundapur taluk in Udupi district of Karnataka. Historically Basrur was also called as Barcelor, Barcalor, Basnur, Bares, Abu-Sarur and Barsellor.

Flora and fauna

Phallus indusiatus, a beautiful mushroom found at thombattu Phallus indusiatus (india).jpg
Phallus indusiatus, a beautiful mushroom found at thombattu

Thombattu is bound by the Western Ghats, a world heritage site. These forests are home for a variety of plants and animals, some of which are rare/endangered.[ citation needed ]. The forests surrounding Kollur, Amasebail etc. are harbouring leopard, tiger, bison, cheetah, king cobra etc. are rare plants found include Rose wood etc. Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the eastern side and is a thickly wooded sanctuary.

Kollur, Udupi district Village in Karnataka, India

Kolluru or Kollur is a small temple-town in Byndoor Taluk in Udupi district of Karnataka state, India. It is situated about 23 km from Byndoor town. This village lies at the foot of the Western Ghats and is famous for the Mookambika temple, a Hindu pilgrim center. The village is located on the banks of Souparnika river.

Leopard species of mammal

The leopard is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. It occurs in a wide range in sub-Saharan Africa, in small parts of Western Asia, on the Indian subcontinent to Southeast and East Asia. The leopard is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because leopard populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, and are declining in large parts of the global range. In Hong Kong, Singapore, Kuwait, Syria, Libya, Tunisia and most likely in Morocco, leopard populations have already been extirpated. Contemporary records suggest that the leopard occurs in only 25% of its historical global range. Leopards are hunted illegally, and their body parts are smuggled in the wildlife trade for medicinal practices and decoration.

Tiger Largest species of the cat family

The tiger is the largest species among the Felidae and classified in the genus Panthera. It is most recognizable for its dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside. It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and bovids. It is territorial and generally a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous areas of habitat, which support its requirements for prey and rearing of its offspring. Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about two years, before they become independent and leave their mother's home range to establish their own.

Arts and culture

One Yakshagana, which plays dance-drama of 6 – 8 hours duration (full night) from November to May every year, in various towns and villages of Udupi district and surrounding districts. One organization called bajanamandali established in Thombattu it is Shri Mahaganapathi Bajanamandali Thombattu this organization perform cultural programs in nearby place.

Yakshagana theater form in India

Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form, developed in India, that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. It is believed to have evolved from pre-classical music and theater during the period of the Bhakti movement. It is sometimes simply called "the play" (ಆಟ) in Tulu Language. Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. This theatre style is mainly found in most parts of Karnataka in various forms. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn. Its stories are drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other epics from both Hindu and Jain and other ancient Indic traditions.

Education

Transport by rail

There is no railway station near to Thombattu in less than 10 km, although railway stations are accessible in nearby towns.

See also

Related Research Articles

Sharavati river in India

Sharavati is a river which originates and flows entirely within the state of Karnataka in India. It is one of the few westward flowing rivers of India and a major part of the river basin lies in the Western Ghats. The famous Jog Falls, located about 24 km from Sagara, are formed by this river. The river itself and the region around it are rich in biodiversity and are home to many rare species of flora and fauna.

Thodikana town in Karnataka, India

Thodikana is an Indian village nestled in the foothills of the Western Ghats in southern Karnataka. It is a beautiful little village in Sullia taluk of Dakshina Kannada district, about 100 km from Mangalore city. This village has much greenery and is a very nice place to visit.

Brahmavar Town in Karnataka, India

Brahmavara is a main road town on NH 66, located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of the Udupi in Karnataka, India. It has been mentioned "Lord Brahma's Vara or Ajapura". It is an ancient cultural centre of the Coastal Karnataka being adjacent to Barkur.

Siddapur taluk taluk in Karnataka, India

Siddapur Taluk is a part of Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka, India and is located in the midst of forest areas of Western Ghats and it is also a part of Malenadu. The taluk is full of greenery, hills and arecanut gardens developed in the valleys’. The taluk headquarters is Siddapur, Uttara Kannada.

Souparnika River river in India

Souparnika River or Sowparnika nadi is a river flowing through Kundapur taluk in Karnataka, India. It joins with the Varahi River, Kedaka River, Chakra River, and Kubja River known as Panchagangavali river and merges into the Arabian Sea. It flows near Mookambika temple, Kollur hence sometimes known as Kolluru nadi and is considered holy river by devotees of the temple.

Hebri town in Karnataka, India

Hebri is a Taluk in Udupi district of Karnataka, Hebri is at the foot of the Western Ghats of India in Karnataka state. This place is a main junction and a central point where roads leading to Mangalore, Brahmavar, Karkala, Kundapura, Agumbe and Udupi. The area's forests get high rainfall throughout the year. Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is located nearby which covers the entire route till Agumbe and to western Ghats. This sanctuary houses some of the endangered species like the King Cobra.Languages and deity

Shankaranarayana is a village in Kundapura taluk of Udupi district in the state of Karnataka in India.It is situated in midst of coconut and arecanut plantations along with forests adjoining western ghats. Earlier this village was called as Golikatte.

Tourism in Karnataka

Karnataka, the eighth largest state in India, has been ranked as the third most popular state in the country for tourism in 2014. It is home to 507 of the 3600 centrally protected monuments in India, the largest number after Uttar Pradesh. The State Directorate of Archaeology and Museums protects an additional 752 monuments and another 25,000 monuments are yet to receive protection. Tourism centres on the ancient sculptured temples, modern cities, the hill ranges, forests and beaches. Broadly, tourism in Karnataka can be divided into four geographical regions: North Karnataka, the Hill Stations, Coastal Karnataka and South Karnataka.

Maravanthe Village in India

Maravanthe is a village and a beach near Kundapura, Karnataka, India.

Joida town in Karnataka, India

Joida is a small town in the Uttara Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town is the headquarters of the eponymous taluk. Located close to Ambikanagar, Joida is also called Supa by locals. KPCL maintains the Supa Dam, which straddles the Kali River nearby. The closest tourism destination to Joida is Dandeli. Other close by tourism destinations include Yellapur, Canacona and Castle Rock. Joida is 22 km from Dandeli. Although it is a taluk, it is still underdeveloped, with the forest surrounding most of the town. Joida comes under Ansi Tiger Reserve Area, this reserve area is one of the 30 Tiger reserve area in India, just 1 km from Patoli on Dandeli-Joida Road. Joida is covered in dense forest of about 87% and Joida taluk having lowest population in Karnataka State.

Ajri village in Karnataka, India

Ajri is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is part of Mysore Division.

Kundapura Taluk is a taluk in Udupi district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Siddapura, Udupi village in Shimoga

Siddapur is a village in the Kundapur taluk of Udupi district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected wildlife sanctuary in the Western Ghats of Karnataka state in India. It is named after the presiding deity "Lord Someshwara" of the famed Someshwara temple located within the sanctuary. The sanctuary lies in Udupi & Shivamogga districts of Karnataka, below Agumbe. The sanctuary houses Sitanadi nature camp run by Karnataka Forest Department. Udupi to Agumbe road passes through this wildlife sanctuary. The nearest town is Hebri which is connected by bus service to Udupi, Mangaluru and Bengaluru on a daily basis.

Kodlady is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India.^. Ajri, Udupi, Karnataka It is located in the Kundapura taluk of Udupi district in Karnataka.

Halady, also spelled Haladi, is a small village located in Kundapura Taluk, Udupi District, Karnataka, 22 km from Taluk Centre Kundapura. Halady village consists of Halady 76 and Halady 28, which are two portions of the village.

Masthikatte is a city located in Hosanagara Taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka, India.

Hulikal

Hulikal is a village located in the Hosanagara taluk of the Shimoga district in the Indian state of Karnataka and is known for its heavy rainfall. The Hulikal village lies in western ghat region of Karnataka state. The range of ghat is known by the name Hulikal ghat or Balebare ghat. The road running between Hosangadi and Mastikatte through Hulikal ghati connects coastal district of Udupi with Shivamogga district. The Mani dam reservoir and Savehoklu reservoir are nearby. KPCL has its colony at Mastikatte near to Hulikal. The nearest airport is at Mangalore, situated 123 km south-west of Hulikal.

References

  1. Karnataka Coast: A Case for Better Protection By Equitable Tourism Options.Pub:Equations. Page 7.
  2. Geology of Karnataka by B. P. Radhakrishna, R. Vaidyanadhan.Pub:Geological Survey of India (1994) 2nd print. Page 325.
  3. Forest biodiversity, Volume 1 by Sadasivam Kannaiyan.Associated Pub.Co. (2008) Page.127.