Map of Antarctica, with Wilkes Land slightly to the right
Thompson Glacier ( Coordinates: ) is a channel glacier draining northward to the head of Paulding Bay. Delineated by G.D. Blodgett (1955) from aerial photographs taken by Operation Highjump (1946–47). Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) after Egbert Thompson, Midshipman on the sloop Wilkes.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses induced by their weight, creating crevasses, seracs, and other distinguishing features. They also abrade rock and debris from their substrate to create landforms such as cirques and moraines. Glaciers form only on land and are distinct from the much thinner sea ice and lake ice that form on the surface of bodies of water.
Paulding Bay is a bay along the coast of Antarctica just west of Clark Point. The outer portions of the bay are bounded by the Moscow University Ice Shelf and the Voyeykov Ice Shelf. It was mapped by G. D. Blodgett (1955) from aerial photographs obtained by USN Operation Highjump (1946–47), and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for James K. Paulding, Secretary of the Navy under President Martin Van Buren. Paulding had previously served as U.S. Navy agent for New York and was instrumental in the outfitting of the United States Exploring Expedition (1838–42) under Lt. Charles Wilkes.
Denman Glacier is a glacier 7 to 10 nautical miles wide, descending north some 70 nautical miles, which debouches into the Shackleton Ice Shelf east of David Island, Queen Mary Land. It was discovered in November 1912 by the Western Base party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Sir Douglas Mawson. Mawson named the glacier for Lord Denman, Governor-General of Australia in 1911, a patron of the expedition.
Auster Glacier is a glacier about 2 miles (3 km) wide, flowing northwest into the southeast extremity of Amundsen Bay. It was sighted in October 1956 by an Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) party led by P.W. Crohn, and named after the Auster aircraft used by ANARE in coastal exploration.
Astakhov Glacier is the glacier next south of Chugunov Glacier in the Explorers Range, Bowers Mountains. It flows northeast from Mount Hager and enters Ob' Bay just west of Platypus Ridge, the glacier is situated in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and from U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–65, and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Petr Astakhov, Soviet exchange scientist at the U.S. South Pole Station in 1967. The glacier lies on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Falkner Glacier, is an east-flowing valley glacier, 4 nautical miles long, located 2 nautical miles south of Oakley Glacier in the Mountaineer Range, Victoria Land, Antarctica. The glacier descends steeply to Lady Newnes Bay where it forms a floating glacier tongue. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (2008) after Kelly K. Falkner, Professor of Chemical Oceanography at Oregon State University, who served from 2006 as the first Program Director for the Antarctic Integrated System Science Program in the Division of Antarctic Sciences, Office of Antarctic Programs, National Science Foundation.
Union Glacier, is a large, heavily crevassed glacier which receives the flow of several tributaries and drains through the middle of the Heritage Range, Ellsworth Mountains, Antarctica. The glacier drains from the plateau at Edson Hills on the west side of the range and flows east between Pioneer Heights and Enterprise Hills. Union Glacier was mapped by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from surveys and U.S. Navy (USN) air photos, 1961-66. The name was applied by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) in association with the name Heritage Range.
Posadowsky Glacier is a glacier about 9 nautical miles long, flowing north to Posadowsky Bay immediately east of Gaussberg. Posadowsky Bay is an open embayment, located just east of the West Ice Shelf and fronting on the Davis Sea in Kaiser Wilhelm II Land. Kaiser Wilhelm II Land is the part of East Antarctica lying between Cape Penck, at 87°43'E, and Cape Filchner, at 91°54'E, and is claimed by Australia as part of the Australian Antarctic Territory. Other notable geographic features in this area include Drygalski Island, located 45 mi NNE of Cape Filchner in the Davis Sea, and Mirny Station, a Russian scientific research station.
Philippi Glacier is coastal glacier about 15 mi long, flowing N to the E end of the West Ice Shelf, 15 mi W of Gaussberg. Delineated from aerial photographs taken by U.S. Navy (USN) OpHjp, 1946-47. Named by the ANCA for Emil Philippi, geologist with the German Antarctic Expedition (GerAE) under Erich von Drygalski, 1901–03, who made scientific observations in the vicinity of Gaussberg.
Altarduken Glacier is a small glacier just east of The Altar at the head of Grautskala Cirque, in the Humboldt Mountains of Queen Maud Land, Antarctica. It was discovered and mapped from air photos by the Third German Antarctic Expedition, 1938-39, but was remapped by Norway from air photos and surveys by the Sixth Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1956–60, and named Altarduken in association with The Altar.
Amos Glacier is a 3-nautical-mile (6 km) long glacier that flows southeast from Bettle Peak to a juncture with the Blue Glacier, in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named in 1992 by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names after Larry Leon Amos, a civil engineer with the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and a member of the USGS two man astronomic surveying team to South Pole Station and Byrd Station in the 1969–70 field season. Among other work, the team established the position of the Geographic South Pole and established a tie to the Byrd Ice Strain net which had been under study for several years.
Arruiz Glacier is a tributary glacier in the Explorers Range of the Bowers Mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It flows west-northwest from Stanwix Peak and enters Rennick Glacier north of Frolov Ridge. It was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and from U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–62, and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Lieutenant Alberto J. Arruiz, Argentine IGY observer, a Weather Central meteorologist at Little America V in 1958. The glacier lies on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Bader Glacier is a small glacier draining the west slopes of Rudozem Heights and flowing to Bourgeois Fjord just south of Thomson Head on German Peninsula, Fallières Coast on the west side of Graham Land, Antarctica. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1958 for Swiss glaciologist Henri Bader of Rutgers University (U.S.), author of an important thesis on the development of the snowflake and its metamorphoses.
Barber Glacier is a glacier rising just east of Mount Bruce in the Bowers Mountains and flowing north to the coast between Stuhlinger Ice Piedmont and Rosenau Head, Victoria Land, Antarctica. The glacier was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and from U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–65, and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Captain Don W. Barber, CE, USA, construction and equipment officer, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, 1967 and 1968. The glacier lies on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Blair Glacier is a glacier draining northward to the western corner of Maury Bay. It was delineated from aerial photographs taken by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump (1946–47), and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for James L. Blair, Midshipman on the sloop Peacock during the United States Exploring Expedition (1838–42) under Lieutenant Charles Wilkes.
Bucher Glacier is a small glacier draining the west slopes of Rudozem Heights and flowing to Bourgeois Fjord just north of Bottrill Head on the German Peninsula, Fallières Coast on the west side of Graham Land, Antarctica. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1958 for Edwin Bucher, Swiss glaciologist and author of many publications on snow and avalanches.
Tranter Glacier is a glacier in the north part of Queen Elizabeth Range, draining into Nimrod Glacier between Mount Chivers and Mount Boman. Mapped by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) from tellurometer surveys and Navy air photos, 1960-62. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for David L. Tranter, United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) glaciologist at Roosevelt Island, 1962-63.
Gowan Glacier is a glacier about 15 nautical miles long in the Heritage Range of the Ellsworth Mountains of Antarctica, flowing north from the vicinity of Cunningham Peak in the Founders Escarpment to enter Minnesota Glacier just east of Welcome Nunatak. It was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1961–66, and was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Lieutenant Jimmy L. Gowan, U.S. Navy Medical Corps, officer in charge and doctor at Plateau Station in 1966.
Graveson Glacier is a broad north-flowing tributary to the Lillie Glacier, draining that portion of the Bowers Mountains between the Posey Range and the southern part of Explorers Range, Victoria Land, Antarctica. The geographical feature is fed by several lesser tributaries and enters Lillie Glacier via Flensing Icefall. The glacier was so named by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition, 1963–64, for F. Graveson, a mining engineer who wintered at Scott Base in 1963 and was field assistant on this expedition. The glacier lies situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Meridian Glacier is a broad glacier, 9 nautical miles (17 km) long, which flows south along the west side of Godfrey Upland and joins Clarke Glacier between Behaim Peak and Elton Hill, in southern Graham Land, Antarctica. Finn Ronne and Carl R. Eklund of the United States Antarctic Service travelled along this glacier in January 1941. It was photographed from the air by the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition in November 1947, and was surveyed by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in December 1958. The glacier was so named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee because the glacier flows from north to south along the meridian.
Skarsbrotet Glacier is a cirque-type glacier draining the east slopes of Skarshaugane Peaks, in the Humboldt Mountains of Queen Maud Land. Discovered and photographed by the German Antarctic Expedition, 1938-39. Mapped by Norway from air photos and surveys by the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1956–60, and named Skarsbrotet.
Skarskvervet Glacier is a small cirque-type glacier at the east side of Botnfjellet Mountain in the Humboldt Mountains of Queen Maud Land. Discovered and photographed by the German Antarctic Expedition, 1938-39. Mapped by Norway from air photos and surveys by Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1956–60, and named Skarskvervet.
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.
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