Thompson Mann

Last updated
Thompson Mann
Bill Craig, Thompson Mann 1964.jpg
Mann (right) at the 1964 Olympics
Personal information
Full nameHarold Thompson Mann
National teamUnited States
Born(1942-12-01)December 1, 1942
Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. [1]
DiedApril 4, 2019(2019-04-04) (aged 76) [2]
Height6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight170 lb (77 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Backstroke
ClubNorth Carolina Athletic Club
College team University of North Carolina

Harold Thompson Mann (December 1, 1942 April 4, 2019) was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and world record-holder. He competed at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, where he received a gold medal swimming for swimming the lead-off backstroke leg for the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay. Mann and his relay teammates Bill Craig (breaststroke), Fred Schmidt (butterfly) and Steve Clark set a new world record of 3:58.4 – and Mann set an individual world record in the 100-meter backstroke swimming his leg (59.6 seconds). [3]

Swimming (sport) water-based sport

Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke, ordered as backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.

1964 Summer Olympics Games of the XVIII Olympiad, celebrated in Tokyo in 1964

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honour was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being cancelled because of World War II.

Bill Craig (swimmer) American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

William Norval Craig was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and world record-holder. He represented the United States at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, where he won a gold medal by swimming the breaststroke leg for the first-place U.S. team in the men's 4×100-meter medley relay. Craig and his teammates Thompson Mann (backstroke), Fred Schmidt (butterfly) and Steve Clark (freestyle) set a new medley relay world record of 3:58.4. Craig attended the University of Southern California (USC), where he swam for the USC Trojans swimming and diving team. He graduated in 1967.

In 1965 Mann won the national indoor and outdoor titles in both the 100 and 200 yd backstroke, setting a world's best time and American record over 100 yd. He was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1984, [4] and the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame in 1988.

International Swimming Hall of Fame Hall of fame in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

The International Swimming Hall of Fame and Museum (ISHOF) is a history museum and hall of fame, located at One Hall of Fame Drive, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States, operated by private interests and serving as the central point for the study of the history of swimming in the United States and around the world. Exhibits include ancient art and both reproductions and original art depicting famous moments in swimming history, swimwear, and civil rights, as well as memorabilia and artifacts belonging to persons who have promoted or excelled in aquatics. It is recognized by FINA as the official hall for the aquatics sports.

See also

World record progression 100 metres backstroke Wikimedia list article

This is a history of the 100 m backstroke world record as swum in both long-course pools and short-course (25 m) pools—the two categories recognized/tracked by FINA.

This article includes the world record progression for the 4×100 metres medley relay, and it shows the chronological history of world record times in that competitive swimming event. The 4×100 metres medley relay is a medley race in which each of four swimmers on a team swims a 100-metre leg of the relay, each swimming a different stroke, in the following sequence:

  1. Backstroke ;
  2. Breaststroke;
  3. Butterfly;
  4. Freestyle.

Related Research Articles

Sharon Stouder American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Sharon Marie Stouder, also known by her married name Sharon Stouder Clark, was an American competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in four events.

Jeffrey Norman Rouse is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

Richard John Carey is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events. Carey specialized in the backstroke. At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, he won three gold medals. He broke nine world records, five individually, and also was a double world champion. He was named as the Swimmer of the Year in 1983 by Swimming World magazine.

Melissa Belote American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, world champion, former world record-holder, swimming coach

Melissa Louise Belote, also known by her current married name Melissa Belote Ripley, is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events. She represented the United States at the 1972 and 1976 Olympics.

David Charles "Dave" Berkoff is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events. Berkoff was a backstroke specialist who won a total of four Olympic medals during his career at two different Olympic Games. He is best known for his powerful underwater start, the eponymous "Berkoff Blastoff".

Steve Clark (swimmer) American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Stephen Edward Clark is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.

Charlie Hickcox American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Charles Buchanan Hickcox was an American competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in six events.

Doug Russell (swimmer) American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Douglas Albert Russell is an American former competitive swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three different events.

Kaye Marie Hall, later known by her married name Kaye Greff, is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events.

Lynn Burke American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Lynn Edythe Burke, also known by her married name Lynn McConville, is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events. She competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, where she won the gold medal in women's 100-meter backstroke in a new Olympic record time of 1:09.3. She won a second gold medal by swimming the backstroke leg for the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay, together with teammates Patty Kempner (breaststroke), Carolyn Schuler (butterfly), and Chris von Saltza (freestyle). The U.S medley relay team set a new world record in the event final of 4:41.1.

Cathy Jane Ferguson is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder. She competed at the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan, where she received the gold medal for winning the women's 100-meter backstroke, and another gold as a member of the first-place U.S. team in the women's 4×100-meter medley relay.

Kathleen Ellis is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

Fred Schmidt American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Frederick Weber Schmidt is an American former competition swimmer. He was Olympic champion in 4×100 m medley in 1964, and bronze medallist in 200 m butterfly. He is a former world record-holder in men's 100-meter butterfly, holding the record from 1961 to 1962.

Eleanor Suzanne Daniel, also known by her married name Ellie Drye, is an American former competition swimmer, four-time Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder.

Lillian Debra Watson, commonly known by her nickname Pokey Watson, and later by her married name Lillian Richardson, is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

Cathy Carr (swimmer) American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, former world record-holder

Catherine L. Carr, also known by her married name Cathy West, is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events.

Satoko Tanaka swimmer

Satoko Tanaka is a retired Japanese backstroke swimmer. She competed at the 1960 and 1964 Olympics in the 100 m backstroke and 4×100 m medley relay. She won individual bronze in 1960 and finished fourth in both events in 1964. Between 1959 and 1964 she set 10 world records in the 200 m backstroke, but did not have a chance to compete in this discipline. She set five more world records in the 110 yd and 220 yd backstroke. Tanaka held the national records in the 100 m and 200 m backstroke for 12 years. In retirement for many decades she worked as a swimming coach, and also competed in the masters category. In 1991 she was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.

Betsy Mitchell is an American competition swimmer who was a world record-holder, world champion, and Olympic gold and silver medalist. She also was a member of the United States' 1994 Rowing World Championship team.

Susie Atwood American swimmer, Olympic silver medalist, former world record-holder

Susanne Jean Atwood is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder in two events.

References

  1. Thompson Mann. Sports-Reference.com
  2. Thompson Mann's obituary
  3. "1964 Summer Olympics – Tokyo, Japan – Swimming" Archived 2007-09-04 at the Wayback Machine databaseOlympics.com (Retrieved on April 29, 2008)
  4. International Swimming Hall of Fame, Honorees, Thompson Mann (USA). Retrieved April 11, 2015.