Thompson Sound (New Zealand)

Last updated

Te Awa-o-Tū / Thompson Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand. It is one of the fiords that form the coast of Fiordland.

The fiord is connected at its farthest extent with Pendulo Reach, [1] part of Doubtful Sound, and between them Thompson and Doubtful Sounds form the non-Tasman Sea coast of Secretary Island. It is 21 kilometres in length. Bradshaw Sound, which extends east from the junction of Doubtful and Thompson Sounds, is geographically and geologically an extension of Thompson Sound. Several small rivers flow into Thompson Sound, among them the Pandora and Namu Rivers. [1]

Thompson Sound was named by John Grono, a sealer who worked the Firdland coast in the early 19th century, after his boat's owner, Andrew Thompson. [2] [3] Grono himself is honoured in the name of the 1196-metre Mount Grono, the highest point on Secretary Island. Later surveyor John Stokes incorrectly thought that the sound had been named after Colonial Secretary Edward Deas Thomson, and named an indentation in the sound's Secretary Island coast as Deas Cove. [2] In October 2019, the name of the fiord was officially altered to Te Awa-o-Tū / Thompson Sound. [4] Coordinates: 45°15′S167°0′E / 45.250°S 167.000°E / -45.250; 167.000

Related Research Articles

Milford Sound fiord in the south west of New Zealands South Island

Milford Sound / Piopiotahi is a fiord in the south west of New Zealand's South Island within Fiordland National Park, Piopiotahi Marine Reserve, and the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage site. It has been judged the world's top travel destination in an international survey and is acclaimed as New Zealand's most famous tourist destination. Rudyard Kipling had previously called it the eighth Wonder of the World.

Fiordland geographic region of New Zealand

Fiordland is a geographic region of New Zealand in the south-western corner of the South Island, comprising the western-most third of Southland. Most of Fiordland is dominated by the steep sides of the snow-capped Southern Alps, deep lakes, and its steep, glacier-carved and now ocean-flooded western valleys. The name "Fiordland" comes from a variant spelling of the Scandinavian word for this type of steep valley, "fjord". The area of Fiordland is dominated by, and very roughly coterminous with, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand's largest National Park.

Fiordland National Park national park on South Island of New Zealand

Fiordland National Park occupies the southwest corner of the South Island of New Zealand. It is by far the largest of the 14 national parks in New Zealand, with an area of 12,607 square kilometres (4,868 sq mi), and a major part of the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage site. The park is administered by the Department of Conservation.

Doubtful Sound Fiord in New Zealand

Doubtful Sound / Patea is a fjord in Fiordland, in the far south west of New Zealand. It is located in the same region as the smaller but more famous and accessible Milford Sound. It took second place after Milford Sound as New Zealand's most famous tourism destination.

Te Anau Town in New Zealand

Te Anau is a town in the Southland region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is on the eastern shore of Lake Te Anau in Fiordland. Lake Te Anau is the largest lake in the South Island and within New Zealand second only to Lake Taupo. The 2013 census recorded the town's population as 1,911. The town has a wide range of accommodation, with over 4,000 beds available in summer.

Secretary Island island in southwestern New Zealand

Secretary Island is an island in southwestern New Zealand, lying entirely within Fiordland National Park. Roughly triangular in shape, it lies between Doubtful Sound in the south and Thompson Sound in the north, with its west coast facing the Tasman Sea. To the east of the island, Pendulo Reach connects Thompson Sound with Doubtful Sound. Steeply sloped, the entirely bush-clad island rises to a chain of several peaks higher than 1000 metres. The highest of these is the 1,196-metre (3,924 ft) Mount Grono, the highest peak in the main New Zealand chain not located in the North or South Island. The island also contains three lakes. The largest, Secretary Lake, over 600 metres (2,000 ft) long, is located beneath Mount Grono at an altitude of 550 metres (1,800 ft).

Rakituma / Preservation Inlet is the southernmost fiord in Fiordland National Park and lies on the southwest corner of the South Island of New Zealand.

The Elizabeth River, New Zealand is a river of Fiordland, New Zealand. It rises north of Mount George and flows westward through Fiordland National Park into the Malaspina Reach of Doubtful Sound at Olphert Cove. Elizabeth Island is in the Reach by the river mouth. The river and island were named by Captain John Grono after his brig Elizabeth in late 1822 or early 1823.

Hāwea / Bligh Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand, named in 1809 by John Grono, after the ship Governor Bligh in honour of the Governor of New South Wales, William Bligh. It is located in Fiordland, 30 kilometres southwest of Milford Sound, and is 15 kilometres in length. The fiord forms a crooked "Z" shape; its innermost arm is known as Bounty Haven.

The Wapiti River is a river in the Southland Region of New Zealand. It rises in the northern extremity of the Stuart Mountains in Fiordland National Park, the top of its watershed being part of the main divide. Two branches feed Lake Sutherland, the outflow of which flows southwest to Lake Thomson. A further 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi) reach of the river heads east to Lake Hankinson, which is separated from the North West Arm of the Middle Fiord of Lake Te Anau by a final 0.6-kilometre (0.4 mi) stretch of the river.

Bradshaw Sound

Kaikiekie / Bradshaw Sound is one of the larger New Zealand fiords. It is one of the sub fiords/arms that make up the Doubtful Sound/Thompson Sound complex and forms the northernmost of the blind or dead end fiords in this system.

Te Puaitaha / Breaksea Sound is a small fiord on the southwestern coast of South Island, New Zealand in the Tasman Sea. Breaksea Island in Fiordland National Park lies at its entrance. In the 1850s, early settlers Henry Hirst and John Charles Watts-Russell explored the area for flat land suitable for sheep farming, but they were unsuccessful.

Elizabeth Island, New Zealand

Elizabeth Island is the largest island in the inner Doubtful Sound, in Fiordland National Park, in New Zealand's South Island. It was created during the last glaciation, its narrow long shape aligned with the direction of the fiord. The island is uninhabited and entirely covered in dense native bush.

Dagg Sound

Te Rā / Dagg Sound is a narrow fiord located in Fiordland, New Zealand. It lies south of Doubtful Sound and Breaksea Sound. Whales frequent the waters out from the entrance of the fiord, close to the edge of the continental shelf where the water depth suddenly drops to thousands of metres.

Te Hāpua / Sutherland Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand, discovered by explorer Donald Sutherland in 1883. It is the smallest of the fiords that make up the coast of Fiordland, and the only one with limited sea access. It is the second most northerly of the fiords, 22 kilometres southwest of Milford Sound and eight kilometres northeast of Bligh Sound, and is 10 kilometres in length.

Charles Sound

Taiporoporo / Charles Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand. It is one of the fiords that form the coast of Fiordland.

Caswell Sound sound in New Zealand

Taitetimu / Caswell Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand. It is one of the fiords that form the coast of Fiordland.

George Sound sound in New Zealand

Te Houhou / George Sound is a fiord of the South Island of New Zealand. It is one of the fiords that form the coast of Fiordland.

References

  1. 1 2 NZ Topographic Map: Thompson Sound
  2. 1 2 Foster, A. "Sounds Complicated", New Zealand Geographic, 37, January–March 1998. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  3. The fiords of Fiordland", Southern Discoveries, 15 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  4. "NZGB notices – October 2019". Land Information New Zealand. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.