Thomson–East Coast MRT line

Last updated

MRT Singapore Destination 13.png MRT Singapore Destination 14.png
Thomson–East Coast line
Thomson-East Coast Line logo.svg
TE1 Woodlands North.JPG
TEL platforms of Woodlands North MRT station.
Overview
Native name Malay: Laluan MRT Thomson-Pesisir Timur
Chinese :汤申-东海岸地铁线/汤东地铁线
Tamil: தாம்சன் - ஈஸ்ட் கோஸ்ட் எம்ஆர்டி வழி
Type Rapid transit
System Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
StatusOperational (Stage 1)
Under Testing (Stage 2)
Under construction (Stages 3-5)
Under planning (extension to Changi Airport)
Locale Singapore
Termini Woodlands North
Woodlands South (till end 2020)
Caldecott (2020, till 2021)
Gardens by the Bay (2021, till 2023)
Bayshore (2023, till 2024)
Sungei Bedok (2024, till 2040)
Tanah Merah (2040)
Stations32 (3 operational, 6 testing, 23 under construction)
Services1
Daily ridership500,000 (expected)
Operation
Planned opening2020 (Stage 2)
2021 (Stage 3)
2023 (Stage 4)
2024 (Stage 5)
2027 (Founders' Memorial MRT station)
2040 (extension to Changi Airport)
Opened31 January 2020;5 months ago (2020-01-31) (Stage 1)
Owner Land Transport Authority
Operator(s) SMRT Trains Ltd (SMRT Corporation)
CharacterFully Underground
Depot(s) Mandai
East Coast (Future)
Rolling stock CT251
Technical
Line length4.2 km (2.6 mi) (Operational)
38.8 km (24.1 mi) (Under construction)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC Third Rail [1]
Operating speed90 km/h (56 mph)
Route map
Thomson-East Coast MRT Line
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 TE1  RTS 
Woodlands North
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 TE2  NS9 
Woodlands
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 TE3 
Woodlands South
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Mandai Depot
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Seletar River
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 TE4 
Springleaf
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 TE5 
Lentor
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 TE6 
Mayflower
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Kallang River
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 TE7  CR13 
Bright Hill
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 TE8 
Upper Thomson
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 TE9  CC17 
Caldecott
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  HarbourFront
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 TE10 
Mount Pleasant
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Rochor River
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  Bukit Panjang  Expo Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE11  DT10 
Stevens
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 TE12 
Napier
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 TE13 
Orchard Boulevard
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Jurong East Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE14  NS22 
Orchard
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Marina South Pier Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE15 
Great World
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 TE16 
Havelock
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  Tuas Link
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 TE17  EW16  NE3 
Outram Park
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  HarbourFront  Punggol Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE18 
Maxwell
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  Pasir Ris Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE19 
Shenton Way
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  Marina South Pier  Jurong East Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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Arrow Blue Left 001.svg  HarbourFront  Stadium Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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 TE20  NS27  CE2 
Marina Bay
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 TE21 
Marina South
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 TE22 
Gardens by the Bay
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Marina Reservoir
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 TE22A 
Founders' Memorial
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 TE23 
Tanjong Rhu
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 TE24 
Katong Park
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 TE25 
Tanjong Katong
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 TE26 
Marine Parade
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Siglap Canal
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 TE27 
Marine Terrace
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 TE28 
Siglap
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 TE29 
Bayshore
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 TE30 
Bedok South
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 TE31  DT37 
Sungei Bedok
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Bedok River
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East Coast Depot
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  Bukit Panjang Arrow Blue Right 001.svg
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Future extension to Changi Airport T5

The Thomson–East Coast line (TEL) is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line under development in Singapore. [2] Coloured brown on the rail map, it is fully underground serving 32 stations over 43 kilometres (27 mi) in length, and will be among the world's longest driverless rapid transit lines. It will run along a combined north–south and east–west corridor, starting in the north at Woodlands town, passing through Upper Thomson and the towns of Ang Mo Kio and Bishan, before heading south to Orchard Road and Marina Bay, then running eastwards along the east coast through Kallang, Marine Parade and Bedok South, before ending at Upper East Coast.

Contents

The line was announced by the Land Transport Authority on 15 August 2014, with the merger of the previously planned Thomson (TSL) and Eastern Region (ERL) lines. By then, construction of the Thomson line has begun in January 2014. The line is set to be opened in 5 stages, with stage 1 (from Woodlands North to Woodlands South stations) opened on 31 January 2020 and stage 5 (from Bedok South to Sungei Bedok stations) opening in 2024. In January 2019, an infill station Founders' Memorial station was announced, with the LTA considering to integrate the Changi Airport Branch into the TEL. When fully opened, it is expected to serve about 500,000 commuters daily in the initial years, rising to one million commuters daily in the long term. It is the fourth MRT line to be operated by SMRT Trains Ltd and also the fourth to be completely automated and driverless. The line is currently served by Mandai Depot, with another depot East Coast Integrated Depot opening in 2024, and services are operated by CT251 trains. [3]

History

Thomson stretch

The construction of the TEL at Woodlands station. TE2 Woodlands MRT Under Construction.jpg
The construction of the TEL at Woodlands station.

The Thomson line was first announced on 25 January 2008. Several architectural and engineering consultancy packages were released in 2010 which indicated an increase in the number of stations from 18 in the initial announcement to the current 22 and length of the line from 27 to 30 km (17 to 19 mi). [4]

The Land Transport Authority announced on 16 June 2011 the location of the depot for the line, which was due to begin construction at the end of 2012. It also announced Woodlands as an interchange with the existing North South line and an additional station located near to Republic Polytechnic. [5]

On 29 August 2012, it was announced the Thomson line's deadline was pushed back to 2019 onwards instead of the indicative timeline of 2018 announced in the Land Transport Masterplan. [6] The line's deadline was pushed back to January 2020 as of 19 September 2019. The line officially opened 31 January 2020. [7]

Construction of the Thomson line began in January 2014. [8]

The groundbreaking ceremony took place on 27 June that year at Woodlands. All the working station names were confirmed as the final names except for Sin Ming station which was changed to Bright Hill.

In addition, a station box located in between Springleaf and Lentor Station named "Tagore" is speculated to be a MRT station once the area is developed enough similar to Hume on the Downtown line and Bukit Brown on the Circle line. [9]

The first stage of the line, involving Woodlands North, Woodlands and Woodlands South, began operation on 31 January 2020 and currently exists on 4.2km length of track. [10]

East Coast stretch

Construction site of Marine Parade station. TE26 Marine Parade station.jpg
Construction site of Marine Parade station.

The Eastern Region line (ERL) was first announced on 23 October 2001. [11] In its preliminary plans, ERL was to have been a 40 kilometre rectangular loop that would complement the existing East West line and enhance inter- and intra-town travelling in the eastern region. It would have looped around the Jalan Besar and East Coast areas, intersecting the Circle line and other lines along the way, benefiting residents in Tampines, Bedok, Marine Parade, MacPherson and Kaki Bukit. [12] The northern part of Eastern Region line is renamed to Downtown line stage 3, whereas the southern part of Eastern Region line is renamed to East Coast stretch of Thomson-East Coast line. Sungei Bedok became an interchange between the Downtown and Thomson-East Coast lines.

On 11 July 2012, Josephine Teo, Minister of State, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Transport, announced that the Land Transport Authority is starting architectural and engineering consultancy studies for the Eastern Region line, which will eventually connect to the Thomson line. [13]

The director of rail services from the Land Transport Authority, Melvyn Thong, said on 29 May 2013 at the Modern Railways conference that there are plans to extend the Eastern Region line to the future Changi Airport Terminal 4 which was at that time, set to be ready by 2017 [14] but on 1 June that year, the Land Transport Authority clarified that the Eastern Region line will not provide an MRT link to the planned Terminal 4. [15] On 30 August that year, Minister of State for Transport Josephine Teo unveiled plans that it will be linked to the future Changi Airport Terminal 5, a mega terminal, which will be the largest terminal in Singapore upon completion in the 2030s. [16]

Merger

TEL stations opening timeline
DateEvent
31 January 2020Stage 1: Woodlands NorthWoodlands South
End 2020Stage 2: SpringleafCaldecott
2021Stage 3: Mount PleasantGardens by the Bay
2023Stage 4: Tanjong RhuBayshore
2024Stage 5: Bedok SouthSungei Bedok
2027Opening of infill station Founders' Memorial
2040Possible incorporation of the Changi Airport branch (Tanah MerahChangi Airport)

The Eastern Region line was merged with the Thomson line on 15 August 2014 to form the Thomson–East Coast line, extending the project to five stages, [2] with nine more stations.

The groundbreaking ceremony for the East Coast stretch took place at Marine Parade on 21 July 2016. All the working station names, including Xilin on the Downtown line extension, were confirmed as the final names except for Amber station which was changed to Tanjong Katong. The authorities are also considering extending the Thomson–East Coast line to all terminals at Changi Airport, including the upcoming Terminal 5, announced Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan. [17] [18]

SMRT Trains Ltd was appointed as the operator of the line on 15 September 2017. [19]

On 28 August 2019, the Land Transport Authority awarded several non-fare businesses along the line, with Asiaray Connect awarded an advertising contract and a consortium, made up of SMRT Experience, JR Business Development SEA and Alphaplus Investments appointed to run retail space. This is the first time the LTA outsourced these non-fare businesses. [20]

On 19 September that year, Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan revealed that the opening of the first stage of the Thomson–East Coast line from Woodlands North to Woodlands South was delayed to January 2020 from the indicative time of 2019 announced earlier, [21] subsequently confirmed as 31 January 2020. Self-assistance kiosks were installed at all TEL MRT stations and will be rolled out to all stations. [7] [22]

On 11 January 2020, SMRT and LTA hosted an open house for the first stage of the line, with the stage opening for revenue service on 31 January 2020.

Thomson–East Coast line extension

Tanah Merah station, which will be the future terminus of the line when the branch to Changi Airport station is converted to be part of the TEL. EW4 CG Tanah Merah Platform C.jpg
Tanah Merah station, which will be the future terminus of the line when the branch to Changi Airport station is converted to be part of the TEL.

The LTA has announced that studies are ongoing for the possibility of extending the Thomson–East Coast line from Sungei Bedok to either serve Changi Airport Terminal 5 directly or via Changi Airport MRT station, terminating at Changi Village. On 25 May 2019, it was confirmed that it will be extended to Changi Airport Terminal 5, which will start construction in 2020, and Changi Airport. The stretch of rail network between Tanah Merah and Changi Airport on the East West line will be converted to form part of the extension. [23] [24] The extension is expected to begin construction after 2022, [25] with train services commencing by 2040.

Network and Operations

Map

MRT Route Map TE.svg

Stations

Station NumberStation NameImageInterchange/Notes
 TE1  RTS  Woodlands North TE1 Woodlands North station.jpg Interchange with the Johor Bahru–Singapore Rapid Transit System (Future)
 TE2  NS9  Woodlands Tel-Woodlands-Platform.jpg Interchange with the North South line
 TE3  Woodlands South Thomson-East Coast Line Woodlands South station.jpg Current southern terminus of the line until stage 2 opens later in 2020.
Stage 2 (under testing, to be ready by 2020)
 TE4  Springleaf TE4 Springleaf MRT station entrance nearing completion.jpg
 TE5  Lentor
 TE6  Mayflower
 TE7  CR13  Bright Hill Interchange with the Cross Island line (2029)
 TE8  Upper Thomson TE8 Upper Thomson MRT Station entrance nearing completion 1.jpg
 TE9  CC17  Caldecott Interchange with the Circle line
Stage 3 (under construction, to be ready by 2021)
 TE10  Mount Pleasant
 TE11  DT10  Stevens Interchange with the Downtown line
 TE12  Napier
 TE13  Orchard Boulevard
 TE14  NS22  Orchard Interchange with the North South line
 TE15  Great World
 TE16  Havelock
 TE17  EW16  NE3  Outram Park TE17 Outram Park under construction.jpg Interchange with the East West line and the North East line
 TE18  Maxwell TE18 Maxwell MRT construction site.jpg
 TE19  Shenton Way
 TE20  NS27  CE2  Marina Bay Interchange with the North South line and the Circle line extension
 TE21  Marina South
 TE22  Gardens by the Bay TE22 Gardens by the Bay near Marina Barrage.jpg
Infill station (under construction, to be ready by 2027)
 TE22A  Founders' Memorial [26] To open in tandem with the Founders' Memorial in 2027. [27]
Stage 4 (under construction, to be ready by 2023)
 TE23  Tanjong Rhu
 TE24  Katong Park
 TE25  Tanjong Katong
 TE26  Marine Parade
 TE27  Marine Terrace
 TE28  Siglap
 TE29  Bayshore TE29 Bayshore Construction site entrance.jpg
Stage 5 (under construction, to be ready by 2024)
 TE30  Bedok South
 TE31  DT37  Sungei Bedok Interchange with the Downtown line
Thomson-East Coast line extension (under study, to be ready by 2040)
 TE32  CR1 Changi Airport Terminal 5Interchange with the Cross Island line (2040)
Station name not announced. [28] [24]
 CG2 (till 2040)
 TE33 (from 2040)
Changi Airport Changi Branch line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040. [28] [24]
 CG1  DT35 (till 2040)
 TE34  DT35 (from 2040)
Expo Interchange with the Downtown line
Changi Branch line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040. [28] [24]
 CG   EW4 (till 2040)
 TE35  EW4 (from 2040)
Tanah Merah Interchange with the East West line
Changi Branch Line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040. [28] [24]

Train control

The Thomson–East Coast line is equipped with Alstom Urbalis 400 Communications-based train control (CBTC) moving block signalling system with Automatic train control (ATC) under Automatic train operation (ATO) GoA 4 (UTO). [29] [30] [31] The subsystems consist of Automatic train protection (ATP) to govern train speed, Iconis Automatic Train Supervision (ATS) to track and schedule trains and Smartlock Computer-based interlocking (CBI) system that prevents incorrect signal and track points to be set.

Alstom will also be supplying platform screen doors for the Thomson–East Coast line. [31]

Rolling Stock

The Thomson-East Coast line's first generation of rolling stock, the CT251, seen here at the Mandai Depot. CT251 Mandai Depot.png
The Thomson–East Coast line's first generation of rolling stock, the CT251, seen here at the Mandai Depot.

The first generation of rolling stock being introduced onto the Thomson–East Coast line is the CT251, built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CRRC Qingdao Sifang in Qingdao, China. These trains are the first in Singapore to have 5 doors per car, and are completely automated and driverless. 91 of the type are being built, to service both the Thomson–East Coast line (TEL) and the future Singapore–Johor Bahru Rapid Transit System (RTS). [32] The trains will be housed at the Mandai Depot and the future East Coast Integrated Depot (shared with the Downtown and the East West lines). [33]

Related Research Articles

Transport in Singapore

Transport within Singapore is mainly land-based. Many parts of Singapore, including islands such as Sentosa and Jurong Island are accessible by road. The other major form of transportation within Singapore is rail: the Mass Rapid Transit which runs the length and width of Singapore, and the Light Rail Transit which runs within a few neighbourhoods. The main island of Singapore is connected to the other islands by ferryboat services.

Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore) The rapid transit system in Singapore

The Mass Rapid Transit, abbreviated and referred to in local parlance as the MRT, is a heavy rail rapid transit system that constitutes the bulk of the railway network in Singapore, spanning—with the exception of the forested core and the island's rural northwest—the length and width of the city-state's main island. The first section of the MRT opened on 7 November 1987, and the network has since grown rapidly in accordance with Singapore's aim of developing a comprehensive rail network as the backbone of the country's public transportation system, with an average daily ridership of 3.384 million in 2019, approximately 83% of the bus network's 4.099 million in the same period.

North South MRT line Rapid transit line of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network in Singapore

The North South line (NSL) is a high-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore, operated by SMRT. Coloured red on the rail map, the line is 45 kilometres (28 mi) long and serves 27 stations, 11 of which, between the Bishan and Marina South Pier stations, are underground. It runs from Jurong East station, located in western Singapore, to Marina South Pier station in the Central Area, via Woodlands station in northern Singapore. The line operates for 19 hours a day, with headways of up to 3 minutes during peak hours and 7 minutes during off-peak hours. All the trains on the NSL run with a six-car formation.

East West MRT line Mass Rapid Transit line in Singapore

The East West line (EWL) is a high-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line operated by SMRT, running from Pasir Ris station in the east to Tuas Link station in the west, with an additional branch between Changi Airport and Tanah Merah stations. It is the second Mass Rapid Transit line to be built in Singapore. The 57.2 kilometres (35.5 mi) line is the longest on the MRT network, with 35 stations, 8 of which are underground. The line is coloured green on the rail map.

Changi Airport MRT station MRT station in Singapore

Changi Airport MRT station (CG2) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station on the Changi Airport branch of the East West line located within Singapore Changi Airport in Changi, Singapore. The station is operated by SMRT Trains and is built in an east-west direction with the two ends of the station connecting directly to Changi Airport Terminals 2 and 3. It is the eastern terminus of the branch and is currently the easternmost MRT station in Singapore, until the planned opening of Aviation Park station in 2029.

Expo MRT station MRT station in Singapore

Expo MRT station (CG1/DT35) is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the Changi Airport branch line of the East West line (EWL) and the current terminus of the Downtown line (DTL) in the Tampines planning area, Singapore. This station is located along Changi South Avenue 1 at the junction of Expo Drive, in between Changi City Point and the Singapore Expo, which this station is named after.

Tanah Merah MRT station MRT subway station in Singapore

Tanah Merah MRT station (EW4/CG) is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the East West line located in Bedok, Singapore. Other than the main service (EW4), Tanah Merah station is also the terminus for the Changi Airport branch line (CG) which is also part of the East West line.

The history of the Mass Rapid Transit system of Singapore commenced with its planning in the 1960s, which finally led to its opening in 1987 with the launch of the 6 km section of the North South Line from Yio Chu Kang to Toa Payoh. It now has six lines in operation with a total combined route length of 202.4 km (125.8 mi) and 122 stations. The Light Rail Transit which opened in 1999 acts as a feeder service to the MRT network.

Woodlands MRT station MRT station in Singapore

Woodlands MRT station (NS9/TE2) is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the North South Line and Thomson–East Coast Line in Woodlands, Singapore. It is located next to the Woodlands Temporary Bus Interchange and Causeway Point. A circular road, Woodlands Square, provides access to the station and its surrounding developments. Woodlands station is one of the five MRT stations in Singapore that have both an above-ground platform and an underground platform, the other four stations being Paya Lebar MRT station, Buona Vista MRT station, Tampines MRT station and Expo MRT station.

Rail transport in Singapore

Rail transport in Singapore mainly consists of a passenger urban rail transit system spanning the entire city-state: a rapid transit system collectively known as the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system operated by the two biggest public transport operators SMRT Trains and SBS Transit, as well as several Light Rail Transit (LRT) rubber-tyred automated guideway transit lines also operated by both companies. In addition, local specialised light rail lines are in operation in places such as the Singapore Changi Airport and Sentosa.

Changi Depot MRT depot in Singapore

Changi Depot is located in Changi near Koh Sek Lim Road, Singapore.

Downtown MRT line A rapid transit line of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network in Singapore

The Downtown Line (DTL) is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore operated by the SBS Transit comapny. It currently runs from Bukit Panjang in the north-west to Expo in the east via the Central Area. Coloured blue on the rail map, the line is 41.9 kilometres (26.0 mi) long and has 34 stations, all of which are underground. The DTL is the fifth MRT line on the network to be opened, the third to be entirely underground. It is the second MRT line to be operated by SBS Transit, after the North East Line.

Woodlands North MRT station MRT/RTS station in Singapore

Woodlands North MRT station (TE1) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit terminal station in Woodlands, Singapore, located near Republic Polytechnic. The station is the northern terminus of the Thomson–East Coast line (TEL) and the northernmost MRT station in Singapore. It is located in a developing region in Woodlands North at Woodlands North Coast Road, off Admiralty Road West as part of the North Coast Innovation Corridor project that is planned for the future.

Woodlands South MRT station MRT station in Singapore

Woodlands South MRT station (TE3) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Thomson–East Coast line in Woodlands, Singapore, located underneath Woodlands Avenue 1 at the junction with Woodlands Drive 16 and Woodlands Drive 17. It is located directly under Christ Church Secondary School and located near ACE The Place Community Club and Yusof Ishak Mosque as well as Singapore Sports School.

Siglap MRT station MRT station in Singapore

Siglap MRT station (TE28) is an upcoming underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Thomson-East Coast Line in Bedok planning area, Singapore.

Sungei Bedok MRT station planned underground transit station

Sungei Bedok MRT station (DT37/TE31) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit interchange and terminal station on the Downtown Line and Thomson-East Coast Line in Bedok planning area, Singapore. The station is being built east of where Upper East Coast Road becomes Bedok Road, and will serve residents of the Eastwood estate. Nearby facilities include the Bedok Food Centre, Eastwood Centre and the Laguna National Golf & Country Club.

Xilin MRT station Planned underground transit station in Singapore

Xilin MRT station (DT36) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Downtown line in Tampines planning area, Singapore. Taking its name from Xilin Avenue which passes overhead, Xilin station serves industries around Changi South, as well as the nearby Tanah Merah Country Club.The station is located at the junction of Xilin Avenue, Changi South Avenue 3 and Laguna Golf Green.

Bus contracting model of Singapore

The Bus Contracting Model (BCM), formerly known as the Government Contracting Model, is a contracting model introduced by the Land Transport Authority in 2014 for public buses in Singapore, implemented in 2016. The BCM is based on the Transperth model in Perth, Western Australia with quality incentive elements from London Buses. Under the BCM, local and overseas bus operators bid for contracts to operate public bus services on behalf of LTA. The LTA has also adopted a new unified lush green livery and logo for all buses, and now procures and owns the bus fleet for all public bus services in Singapore.

The East Coast Integrated Depot, is a future integrated bus and train depot located in Changi that will serve the East West Line, Downtown Line and Thomson-East Coast Line of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) in Singapore.

References

  1. http://www.lta.gov.sg/apps/news/page.aspx?c=2&id=f0b205a6-69ab-49b0-b94d-65394ee5e5c0
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