Thomson–East Coast Line
Woodlands MRT Station (TEL) under construction
|Native name|| Malay: Laluan MRT Thomson-Pantai Timur|
Tamil: தாம்சன் - ஈஸ்ட் கோஸ்ட் எம்ஆர்டி வழி
|System||Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)|
|Termini|| Woodlands North |
Tanah Merah (2040)
|Stations||32 (under construction)|
|Daily ridership||500,000 (expected)|
|Planned opening||End-January 2020 (Stage 1)|
2020 (Stage 2)
2021 (Stage 3)
2023 (Stage 4)
2024 (Stage 5)
2025 (Founders' Memorial MRT station)
2040 (extension to Changi Airport)
|Owner||Land Transport Authority|
|Operator(s)||SMRT Trains (SMRT Corporation)|
|Depot(s)|| Mandai (Future) |
East Coast (Future)
|Line length||43 km (27 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC Third Rail|
|Operating speed||90 km/h (56 mph)|
The Thomson–East Coast Line (TEL) is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore that is currently under construction, being the sixth line to be built. The line was announced on 15 August 2014 by the Land Transport Authority as a merger of the then planned Thomson Line (TSL) and the Eastern Region Line (ERL).The stretch from Woodlands North to Gardens by the Bay costs around S$18 billion. The line will open in five stages from 2020 onwards, and interchanges with all existing lines. When fully opened, it is expected to serve about 500,000 commuters daily in the initial years, rising to one million commuters daily in the long term. It will be the fourth MRT line to be operated by SMRT, after the North South Line, East West Line and the Circle Line and also the fourth to be completely automated and driverless. The line is coloured brown on the rail map.
The Mass Rapid Transit, abbreviated and referred to in local parlance as the MRT, is a heavy rail system that constitutes most of the urban and suburban rapid transit network and the wider railway network in Singapore, spanning most of the city-state's main island. The first section of the MRT opened on 7 November 1987, and the network has since grown rapidly in accordance with Singapore's aim of developing a comprehensive rail network as the backbone of the public transport system in Singapore, with an average daily ridership of 3.302 million in 2018, approximately 82% of the bus network's 4.037 million in the same period.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia. The country is situated one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%.
The Land Transport Authority is a statutory board under the Ministry of Transport of Government of Singapore.
The fully underground line is 43 km (27 mi) long and consists of 32 stations, and will be among the world's longest driverless rapid transit lines. It will run through a combined north-south and east-west corridor, starting in the north at Woodlands town, then passing through the towns of Ang Mo Kio and Bishan, after that heading south to the residential estates of Thomson and Stevens, the shopping districts of Orchard Road and Marina Bay, then running eastwards along the east coast through Kallang, Marine Parade and Bedok South, before ending at Upper East Coast. The line will be served by Mandai Depot and East Coast Integrated Depot. By 31 December 2024, the planned Rapid Transit System (RTS) Link will interchange the line's Woodlands North terminus, allowing it to extend to Malaysia. The Land Transport Authority announced on 11 August 2017 that stations along the line will accept only cashless payments after the existing lines were converted in December 2018.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit (MRT), also known as heavy rail, metro, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas. Unlike buses or trams, rapid transit systems are electric railways that operate on an exclusive right-of-way, which cannot be accessed by pedestrians or other vehicles of any sort, and which is often grade separated in tunnels or on elevated railways.
Woodlands is a planning area and residential town located in the North Region of Singapore. The town is connected to Malaysia's city of Johor Bahru, via the Johor-Singapore Causeway. It is the regional centre for the North Region.
Ang Mo Kio, often abbreviated as AMK, is a planning area and residential town situated in the North-East of Singapore. Ang Mo Kio is the 3rd most populated planning area in the North-East Region and ranks 8th in terms of population in the country overall. The planning area is located at the south-western corner of the North-East Region, bordered by the planning areas of Yishun to the north, Sengkang to the north-east, Serangoon to the east, Bishan to the south and the Central Water Catchment to the west.
The Thomson line was first announced on 25 January 2008. Several architectural and engineering consultancy packages were released in 2010 which indicated an increase in the number of stations from 18 in the initial announcement to the current 22 and length of the line from 27 to 30 km (17 to 19 mi).
The Land Transport Authority announced on 16 June 2011 the location of the depot for the line, which was due to begin construction at the end of 2012. It also announced Woodlands as an interchange with the existing North South Line and an additional station located near to Republic Polytechnic.
Woodlands MRT station (NS9/TE2) is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station on the North South Line in Woodlands, Singapore. It is located next to the Woodlands Temporary Bus Interchange and Causeway Point.
The North South line (NSL) is a high-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore, operated by SMRT. It runs from Jurong East, located in western Singapore, to Marina South Pier in the Central Area. The line is 45 kilometres (28 mi) long and serves 27 stations, 11 of which are underground. It was the first MRT line to be built in Singapore and it began service on 7 November 1987. The line is coloured red on the rail map.
Republic Polytechnic is an institution of higher learning in Singapore. Founded in 2002, it was the first school system in Singapore to use the problem-based learning (PBL) pedagogy for all its diploma programmes.
On 29 August 2012, it was announced the Thomson Line will be ready from 2019 onwards instead of the indicative timeline of 2018 announced in the Land Transport Masterplan.The line will now be ready from end-January 2020 onwards as announced on 19 September 2019.
Construction of the Thomson Line began in January 2014.
The groundbreaking ceremony took place on 27 June 2014 at Woodlands. All the working station names were confirmed as the final names except for Sin Ming station which was changed to Bright Hill.
The Eastern Region Line (ERL) was first announced on 23 October 2001. kilometre rectangular loop that would complement the existing East West Line and enhance inter- and intra-town travelling in the eastern region. It would have looped around the Jalan Besar and East Coast areas, intersecting the Circle line and other lines along the way, benefiting residents in Tampines, Bedok, Marine Parade, MacPherson and Kaki Bukit. However, the northern part of the loop which includes Jalan Besar, Tampines, MacPherson, Bedok North and Kaki Bukit is now part of the Downtown Line Stage 3.In its preliminary plans, ERL was to have been a 40
On 11 July 2012, Josephine Teo, Minister of State, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Transport, announced that the Land Transport Authority is starting architectural and engineering consultancy studies for the ERL, which will eventually connect to the Thomson line.
The director of rail services from the Land Transport Authority, Melvyn Thong, said on 29 May 2013 at the Modern Railways conference that there are plans to extend the ERL to the future Changi Airport Terminal 4 which was at that time, set to be ready by 2017but on 1 June 2013, the Land Transport Authority clarified that ERL will not provide an MRT link to the planned Terminal 4. On 30 August 2013, Minister of State for Transport Josephine Teo unveiled plans that it will be linked to the future Changi Airport Terminal 5, a mega terminal, which will be the largest terminal in Singapore upon completion in the 2030s.
The ERL was merged with the Thomson line on 15 August 2014 to form the Thomson–East Coast line, extending the project to five stages,with nine more stations.
The groundbreaking ceremony for the East Coast stretch took place at Marine Parade on 21 July 2016. All the working station names, including Xilin on the Downtown Line extension, were confirmed as the final names except for Amber station which was changed to Tanjong Katong. The authorities are also considering extending the TEL to all terminals at Changi Airport, including the upcoming Terminal 5, announced Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan.
SMRT Trains was appointed as the operator of the line on 15 September 2017.
On 28 August 2019, the Land Transport Authority awarded several non-fare businesses along the line, with Asiaray Connect awarded an advertising contract and a consortium, made up of SMRT Experience, JR Business Development SEA and Alphaplus Investments appointed to run retail space. This is the first time the LTA outsourced these non-fare businesses.
On 19 September 2019, transport minister Khaw Boon Wan revealed that the opening of the first stage of the Thomson-East Coast Line from Woodlands North MRT station to Woodlands South MRT station has been delayed to January 2020 from the initial 2019 timeframe announced earlier.
The LTA has announced that studies are ongoing for the possibility of extending the TEL from Sungei Bedok to either serve Changi Airport Terminal 5 directly or via Changi Airport MRT station, terminating at Changi Village. On 25 May 2019, it was confirmed that it will be extended to Changi Airport Terminal 5, which will start construction in 2020. and Changi Airport. The stretch of rail network between Tanah Merah and Changi Airport on the East West Line will be converted to form part of the TEL extension.
Thomson-East Coast MRT Line
|Station Number||Station Name||Interchange/Notes|
|Stage 1 (under construction, to be ready by end-January 2020)|
|Woodlands||Interchange with the North South line|
|Stage 2 (under construction, to be ready by 2020)|
|Bright Hill||Interchange with the Cross Island line (2029)|
|Caldecott||Interchange with the Circle line|
|Stage 3 (under construction, to be ready by 2021)|
|Stevens||Interchange with the Downtown line|
|Orchard||Interchange with the North South line|
|Outram Park||Interchange with the East West line and the North East line|
|Marina Bay||Interchange with the North South line and the Circle line extension|
|Gardens by the Bay|
|Infill station (under construction, to be ready by 2025)|
|Stage 4 (under construction, to be ready by 2023)|
|Stage 5 (under construction, to be ready by 2024)|
|Sungei Bedok||Interchange with the Downtown line|
|Thomson-East Coast Line Extension (under study, to be ready by 2040)|
|Changi Airport Terminal 5||Interchange with the Cross Island line (2030)|
Station name not announced.
|Changi Airport||Changi Branch Line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040.|
|Expo||Interchange with the Downtown line |
Changi Branch Line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040.
| (till 2040)|
|Tanah Merah||Interchange with the East West line |
Changi Branch Line will be converted to become part of TELe by 2040.
The Thomson–East Coast line is equipped with Alstom Urbalis 400 Communications-based train control (CBTC) moving block signalling system with Automatic train control (ATC) under Automatic train operation (ATO) GoA 4 (UTO).The subsystems consist of Automatic train protection (ATP) to govern train speed, Iconis Automatic Train Supervision (ATS) to track and schedule trains and Smartlock Computer-based interlocking (CBI) system that prevents incorrect signal and track points to be set.
Alstom will also be supplying platform screen doors for the Thomson–East Coast line.
Transport within Singapore is mainly land-based. Many parts of Singapore, including islands such as Sentosa and Jurong Island are accessible by road. The other major form of transportation within Singapore is rail: the Mass Rapid Transit which runs the length and width of Singapore, and the Light Rail Transit which runs within a few neighbourhoods. The main island of Singapore is connected to the other islands by ferryboat services.
The East West Line (EWL) is a high-capacity MRT line operated by SMRT. It is the second Mass Rapid Transit line built in Singapore. The line is 57.2 kilometres (35.5 mi) long with 35 stations, 8 of which are below ground, making it the longest line in Singapore. It runs from Pasir Ris, in the eastern region Singapore, to Tuas Link in the west. A separate spur line links Tanah Merah and Changi Airport via Expo. The line is coloured green on the rail map, and began operations on 12 December 1987. The line currently has the notable distinction of having both the easternmost and westernmost MRT stations of Singapore's rail network.
Outram Park MRT station (EW16/NE3/TE17) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the East West Line and North East Line located on the boundary of Bukit Merah and Outram planning areas, Singapore. It is the nearest MRT station to the Singapore General Hospital.
Changi Airport MRT station (CG2) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station on the East West Line in Changi, Singapore. The station is located within the Singapore Changi Airport, hence its name.
Pasir Ris MRT station (EW1/CR5) is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station on the East West line in Pasir Ris, Singapore.
Tampines MRT station (EW2/DT32) is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the Downtown line and East West line in Tampines, Singapore. Located at the heart of the Tampines Town Centre, Tampines station is within the close proximity of Tampines Bus Interchange and the new Tampines Concourse Bus Interchange.
Expo MRT station (CG1/DT35) is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the Changi Airport Branch Line of the East West Line and the Downtown Line in the Tampines planning area, Singapore. This station is located in between Changi City Point and the Singapore Expo, which this station is named after.
Tanah Merah MRT station (EW4/CG) is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station located in Bedok, Singapore. Other than the main service (EW4), Tanah Merah station is also the terminus for the Changi Airport branch line (CG) which is also part of the East West Line.
The history of the Mass Rapid Transit system of Singapore commenced with its planning in the 1960s, which finally led to its opening in 1987 with the launch of the 6 km section of the North South Line from Yio Chu Kang to Toa Payoh. It now has five lines in operation with a total combined route length of 199.6 km (124.0 mi) and 119 stations. The Light Rail Transit which opened in 1999 acts as a feeder service to the MRT network.
Changi Depot is located in Changi near Koh Sek Lim Road, Singapore.
The Downtown Line (DTL) is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit line in Singapore. It is operated by SBS Transit, which is a subsidiary of ComfortDelGro Corporation. It currently runs from Bukit Panjang in the north-west to Expo in the east. The line is 41.9 kilometres (26.0 mi) long and has 34 stations, all of which are underground. The line is coloured blue on the rail map.
Woodlands North MRT/RTS station (TE1/RTS) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit and Rapid Transit System terminal station in Woodlands, Singapore, located near to Republic Polytechnic. The station is the terminal of the Thomson–East Coast Line and the Singapore terminus of the Johor Bahru–Singapore Rapid Transit System. It will be the northernmost MRT station in Singapore when it opens around end-January 2020.
Bright Hill MRT station (TE7/CR13) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Thomson-East Coast Line and Cross Island Line in Bishan planning area, Singapore. Scheduled for completion in 2020, this station will serve the residential estate of Sin Ming.
The Cross Island line (CRL) is an upcoming high capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore. It is currently under planning and will be the eighth MRT line when built. The line will be coloured lime on the rail map.
The Johor Bahru–Singapore Rapid Transit System or Singapore–Johor Bahru Rapid Transit System is a planned cross-border rapid transit system that would connect Woodlands, Singapore and Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia, crossing the Straits of Johor.
The East Coast Integrated Depot, is a future integrated bus and train depot located in Changi that will serve the East West Line, Downtown Line and Thomson-East Coast Line of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) in Singapore.
Aviation Park MRT station (CR2) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Cross Island MRT line located in Changi, Singapore. It will be the terminus for the Cross Island line, and will be the easternmost MRT station in Singapore when it opens in 2029.