Thomson (surname)

Last updated
Meaning"son of Thom", "son of Thomas", "little Thomas" (French)
Other names
Variant form(s) Thompson, Thomason, Tompson, MacTavish, MacTamhais

Thomson is a Scottish patronymic surname meaning "son of Thom, Thomp, Thompkin, or other diminutive of Thomas", itself derived from the Aramaic תום or Tôm, meaning "twin". The Welsh surname is documented in Cheshire records before and after the 1066 Norman Conquest. Variations include Thomason, Thomasson, Thomerson, Thomoson, and others. The French surname Thomson is first documented in Burgundy and is the shortened form for Thom[as]son, Thom[es]son. Variations include Thomassin, Thomason, Thomsson, Thomesson, Thomeson, and others. Thomson is uncommon as a given name. [1] [2] [3]

Scotland Country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

A patronymic surname is a surname originated from the given name of the father or a patrilineal ancestor. Different cultures have different ways of producing patronymic surnames.

A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment. A diminutive form is a word-formation device used to express such meanings; in many languages, such forms can be translated as "little" and diminutives can also be formed as multi-word constructions such as "Tiny Tim". Diminutives are often employed as nicknames and pet names, when speaking to small children, and when expressing extreme tenderness and intimacy to an adult. The opposite of the diminutive form is the augmentative. Beyond the diminutive form of a single word, a diminutive can be a multi-word name, such as "Tiny Tim" or "Little Dorrit". In many languages, formation of diminutives by adding suffixes is a productive part of the language. For example, in Spanish gordo can be a nickname for someone who is overweight, and by adding an ito suffix, it becomes gordito which is more affectionate. A double diminutive is a diminutive form with two diminutive suffixes rather than one. While many languages apply a grammatical diminutive to nouns, a few – including Dutch, Latin, Polish, Macedonian, Czech, Russian and Estonian – also use it for adjectives and even other parts of speech. In English the alteration of meaning is often conveyed through clipping, making the words shorter and more colloquial. Diminutives formed by adding affixes in other languages are often longer and not necessarily understood.


List of persons with the surname

Disambiguation of common given names with this surname

Edward Thomson (1810–1870) was an American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Arts and letters

Alexander Thomson Scottish architect

Alexander "Greek" Thomson was an eminent Scottish architect and architectural theorist who was a pioneer in sustainable building. Although his work was published in the architectural press of his day, it was little appreciated outside Glasgow during his lifetime. It has only been since the 1950s and 1960s that his critical reputation has revived—not least of all in connection with his probable influence on Frank Lloyd Wright.

Alexander Thomson (writer) Scottish banker and religious writer

Alexander Thomson was a banker and occasional religious writer involved in the work of the Concordant Publishing Concern (CPC), publishers of the Concordant Literal Version of the Bible.

Beverly Thomson is a Canadian journalist and correspondent with CTV News Channel. Thomson was co-host of Canada AM, CTV's national morning show, from 2003 to 2016. In 2006, she received the Gemini Humanitarian Award.

Politics, law, and government

Charles Thomson American patriot leader

Charles Thomson was an Irish-born Patriot leader in Philadelphia during the American Revolution and the secretary of the Continental Congress (1774–1789) throughout its existence.

Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham British politician

Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham, was a British businessman, politician, diplomat and the first Governor General of the united Province of Canada.

Craig Thomson (politician) Australian politician

Craig Robert Thomson is an Australian former trade union official and a former politician implicated in the Health Services Union expenses affair. On 15 December 2014 Thomson was found guilty in the County Court of Victoria of thirteen charges of theft, and later convicted and fined A$25,000. Other charges of obtaining financial advantage by deception were dismissed on appeal.

Sciences and medicine

Arthur Landsborough Thomson Scottish ornithologist

Sir Arthur Landsborough Thomson FRSE PZS CB LLD was a Scottish medical researcher, mainly remembered as an amateur ornithologist and ornithological author and acknowledged expert on bird migration.

Carl Gustaf Thomson Swedish entomologist

Carl Gustaf Thomson was a Swedish entomologist.

Charles Wyville Thomson Scottish marine zoologist

Sir Charles Wyville Thomson was a Scottish natural historian and marine zoologist. He served as the chief scientist on the Challenger expedition; his work there revolutionised oceanography and led to his knighthood.


Gillian Akiko Thomson is a Filipina television host, journalist and retired swimmer. She is the youngest of three children born to a Japanese mother from Hiroshima, Hiroko Nakamura and American father, James Marsh Thomson. Her older siblings are Julia and Joshua. When she was young, she and her family moved to Manila where her father, who had previous experience with the United States Office of Naval Intelligence, became the Executive Director of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines in the latter years of the Marcos dictatorship.

William Marshall Thomson is a Scottish former footballer, who played as a goalkeeper. At club level, Thomson played for Partick Thistle, St Mirren, Dundee United, Clydebank, Motherwell, Rangers and Dundee. He played for Dundee United in the 1987 UEFA Cup Final and two Scottish Cup finals. He collected seven full international caps for Scotland between 1980 and 1983.

Robert Thomson was an English footballer who played during the early 20th century, mainly prior to World War I.


In fiction

See also

Related Research Articles

William Thomson may refer to:

James, Jamie, Jim, or Jimmy Thomson may refer to:

White is a surname either of English or of Scottish and Irish origin, the latter being an anglicisation of the Scottish Gaelic MacGillebhàin, "Son of the fair gillie" and the Irish "Mac Faoitigh" or "de Faoite". It is the seventeenth most common surname in England. In the 1990 United States Census, "White" ranked fourteenth among all reported surnames in frequency, accounting for 0.28% of the population. By 2000, White had fallen to position 20 in the United States and 22nd position by 2014

Reid is a surname of Scottish origin. It is the 45th most common surname in the UK. It means "red".

Beckett is an English surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Murray is both a Scottish and an Irish surname with two distinct respective etymologies. The Scottish version is a common variation of the word Moray, an anglicisation of the Medieval Gaelic word Muireb ; the b here was pronounced as v, hence the Latinization to Moravia. These names denote the district on the south shore of the Moray Firth, in Scotland. Murray is a direct transliteration of how Scottish people pronounce the word Moray. The Murray spelling is not used for the geographical area, which is Moray, but it became the commonest form of the surname, especially among Scottish emigrants, to the extent that the surname Murray is now much more common than the original surname Moray. See also Clan Murray.

Cox (surname) Surname list

The surname Cox is of English or Welsh origin, and may have originated independently in several places in Great Britain, with the variations arriving at a standard spelling only later. There are also two native Irish surnames which were anglicised into Cox.

Bell is a surname common in English speaking countries with several word-origins.

Saunders is a surname of English and Scottish patronymic origin derived from Sander, a mediaeval form of Alexander.

Campbell (surname) Surname list

Campbell is a Scottish surname—derived from the Scottish Gaelic roots cam ("crooked") and beul ("mouth")—that originated as a nickname meaning "crooked mouth" or "wry mouthed." Outside of Northern Ireland, Irish occurrences of the name usually derive from the surname Mac Cathmhaoil, from which also descend the surnames MacCawill, McCaul, MacCall, and Caulfield. The Irish pronunciation of Cathmhaoil coincided with the Scottish pronunciation of Campbell, and the name was anglicised accordingly.

Hall is a common surname of English origin. Hall means "kind" and "forgiving". This originates from the belief that Vikings were eternally benevolent to those that worked within their halls. The name was used to indicate the main occupation of the individual, in a role such as a servant or chamberlain. Hall is the 22nd most common surname in the United Kingdom. Within the United States, it is ranked as the 26th most common surname.

Gregory is an English and Scottish surname, variants of the name include McGregor, MacGregor, Gregor, Gregson, Gregg, Grigg, Greig and may refer to:

Millar is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Lawrence is an English-language surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Barclay is a Scottish surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Williamson is a common English language patronymic surname meaning "son of William". Williamson is uncommon as a first name, but quite common as a surname in English speaking countries.

Henry is an English and French male given name and an Irish surname, borrowed from Old French, originally of Germanic origin (Haimirich) from the elements haim ("‘home’") and ric ("‘powerful’"). Equivalents in other languages are Anraí (Irish), Eanruig, Enrico (Italian), Enrique (Spanish), Heinrich (German), Henning (Swedish), Henri, Henrik, Henrique (Portuguese), and Henryk (Polish), (H)enric.

Barber is an English and Catalan occupational surname for a barber. It is often the anglicized form of the names Barbieri (Italain), Barbero (Spanish), Barbeiro (Portuguese), and Barbier (French). Notable people with the surname include:

Fleming is a Scottish surname, which originated from Flanders, indicating the nationality of the people who first borne the name. Fleming is from a Norman French form of Old French flamenc. The name was brought over to Great Britain by the Normans during the time of William the Conqueror. Fleming appeared in Scotland during the reign of King David I (1124-53) due to Anglo-Norman values and English nobility being brought over to Scotland. Notable people with the surname include:

Swan is an English surname. Notable people with the surname include:


  1. Hanks, Hardcastle and Hodges, Oxford Dictionary of First Names, Oxford University Press, 2nd edition, ISBN   978-0-19-861060-1, p.260.
  2. "Surname: Thomson". Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  3. "THOMPSON - Name Meaning & Origin". Retrieved 2008-01-09.