Thomson Mason

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Thomson Mason
Thomson Mason

(1733-08-14)August 14, 1733
DiedFebruary 26, 1785(1785-02-26) (aged 51)
Chopawamsic, Stafford County, Virginia
Residence Chopawamsic, Stafford County, Virginia
Raspberry Plain, Leesburg, Virginia
Alma mater College of William and Mary
Occupation lawyer, jurist, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia, planter
Spouse(s)Mary King Barnes
Elizabeth Westwood Wallace
Children Stevens Thomson Mason
Abram Barnes Thomson Mason
John Thomson Mason
Ann Thomson Mason Chichester
Dorothea Anna Thomson Mason Hirst
Westwood Thomson Mason
William Temple Thomson Mason
George Thomson Mason
Parent(s) George Mason III
Ann Stevens Thomson
Relativesbrother of George Mason IV

Thomson Mason (14 August 1733 26 February 1785) [1] [2] was a prominent Virginia lawyer, jurist, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia. [2] Mason was a younger brother of George Mason IV, United States patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, father of Stevens Thomson Mason, a Colonel in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, a member of the Virginia state legislature, and a U.S. Senator from Virginia, and great-grandfather of Stevens T. Mason, first Governor of Michigan.

Virginia State in the United States

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.

Lawyer legal professional who helps clients and represents them in a court of law

A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services. The role of the lawyer varies greatly across different legal jurisdictions.

Jurist Legal scholar or academic, a professional who studies, teaches, and develops law

A jurist is an expert of law or someone who researches jurisprudence. Such a person can work as an academic, legal writer, law lecturer and practice law (lawyer), depending on legislation in the respective jurisdiction. Professionally, in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and in many other Commonwealth countries, the word jurist sometimes refers to a barrister and solicitor, whereas in the United States of America and Canada it often refers to a judge.


Early life

Mason was born at Chopawamsic in Stafford County, Virginia on 14 August 1733. [1] [2] He was the third and youngest child of George Mason III and his wife Ann Stevens Thomson. [1]

Chopawamsic was an 18th-century plantation on Chopawamsic Creek in Stafford County, Virginia. Chopawamsic was a seat of the Mason family.

Stafford County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

Stafford County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is a suburb outside of Washington D.C. It is approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of D.C. As of the 2010 census, the population was 128,961. Its county seat is Stafford.

George Mason III was an early American planter, businessman, and statesman. Mason was the father of George Mason IV, a Founding Father of the United States.


Mason was educated at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia [3] and then studied law at the Middle Temple in London. [3] [4] Afterwards, he returned to Virginia and was a burgess in the House of Burgesses representing Stafford and Loudoun counties from 1766 to 1775. [3] [4] In 1778, Mason was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia and served only briefly before serving as one of five judges in the General Court. [3] [4] From 1779 to 1783, Mason was elected a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and served as chairman of the Committee on Courts of Justice. [4]

College of William & Mary public research university located in Williamsburg, Virginia

The College of William & Mary is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University.

Williamsburg, Virginia Independent city in Virginia

Williamsburg is a city in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 14,068. In 2018, the population was estimated to be 14,896. Located on the Virginia Peninsula, Williamsburg is in the northern part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area. It is bordered by James City County and York County.

Middle Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Raspberry Plain

In 1760, Mason purchased Raspberry Plain in Loudoun County, Virginia [5] [6] In 1771, Thomson built the mansion at Raspberry Plain. Upon Thomson's death, the Raspberry Plain estate was deeded to his eldest son Stevens Thomson Mason. [5] [6]

Raspberry Plain human settlement in Virginia, United States of America

Raspberry Plain is a historic property and former plantation in Loudoun County, Virginia, near Leesburg. Raspberry Plain was one of the principal Mason family estates of Northern Virginia. Raspberry Plain currently operates as an event site, hosting weddings and other special events year round.

Loudoun County, Virginia County in Virginia

Loudoun County is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. In 2018, the population was estimated at 406,850, making it Virginia's third-most populous county. Loudoun County's seat is Leesburg. Loudoun County is part of the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Stevens Thomson Mason (Virginia) American politician

Stevens Thomson Mason was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, a member of the Virginia state legislature and a Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia (1794–1803).

Marriages and children

Mason married Mary King Barnes, the only daughter of Colonel Abraham Barnes and his wife Mary King, [3] in 1758. [1] He and Mary had four children: [1] [2]

John Thomson Mason was an American lawyer and Attorney General of Maryland in 1806.

Mary died on 21 October 1771 in Prince William County, Virginia and was interred in the Mason family graveyard at Gunston Hall and later moved to Raspberry Plain. [1] Six years later on 23 November 1777, Mason married for a second time to Elizabeth Westwood Wallace. [1] He and Elizabeth had four children: [1]

Later life

Mason died on 26 February 1785 at Chopawamsic at the age of 51. [1]

Related Research Articles

Armistead Thomson Mason American politician

Armistead Thomson Mason, the son of Stevens Thomson Mason, was a U.S. Senator from Virginia from 1816 to 1817. Mason was also the second-youngest person to ever serve in the US Senate, at the age of 28 and 5 months, even though the age of requirement for the US Senate in the constitution is 30 years old.

Richard Barnes Mason United States general

Richard Barnes Mason was a career officer in the United States Army and the fifth military governor of California before it became a U.S. state. He came from a politically prominent American family and was a descendant of George Mason, a framer of the U.S. Constitution and father of the Bill of Rights.

James Murray Mason American politician

James Murray Mason was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Virginia. He was a grandson of George Mason and represented the Confederate States of America as appointed commissioner of the Confederacy to the United Kingdom and France between 1861 and 1865, during the American Civil War.

John Thomson Mason Jr. was a U.S. Congressman from Maryland, representing the sixth district from 1841 to 1843.

George Mason V of Lexington was a planter, businessman, and militia leader. Mason was the eldest son of United States patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, George Mason IV and his wife Ann Eilbeck. He received his early education from private tutors at Gunston Hall and was given Lexington plantation on Mason's Neck by his father in 1774. In 1775, he named his plantation to commemorate the Battle of Lexington in Massachusetts.

William Temple Thomson Mason was a prominent Virginia farmer and businessman.

Thomson Francis Mason was a prominent jurist, lawyer, planter, councilman, judge, and the mayor of Alexandria, District of Columbia between 1827 and 1830.

John Thomson Mason was an American lawyer, United States marshal, Secretary of Michigan Territory from 1830 through 1831, land agent, and an important figure in the Texas Revolution.

Richard Chichester Mason was a prominent physician practicing in Alexandria, Virginia. Mason was a grandson of George Mason and his wife Ann Eilbeck.

William Mason was a militiaman in the American Revolutionary War and a prominent Virginia planter. Mason was the son of George Mason, an American patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention.

Thomson Mason was a prominent entrepreneur, planter, civil servant, and justice. Mason was the son of George Mason, an American patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention.

Accokeek was a 17th-century plantation on Accokeek Creek in Stafford County, Virginia, United States. Accokeek was the first seat of the prominent Mason political family in Virginia.

Locust Hill is an early 19th-century Federal-style mansion north of Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia, United States. Locust Hill was the home of John Thomson Mason, a prominent American jurist and Attorney General of Maryland in 1806 and nephew of Founding Father of the United States George Mason.

The Mason family of Virginia is a historically significant American political family of English origin, whose prominent members are known for their accomplishments in politics, business, and the military. The progenitor of the Mason family, George Mason I (1629–1686), arrived at Norfolk, Virginia on the ship Assurance in 1652. Mason was a Cavalier member of the Parliament of England during the reign of Charles I of England. George Mason I's great-grandson was George Mason IV (1725–1792), an American patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention. Along with James Madison, George Mason IV is known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights." For these reasons, Mason is considered one of the "Founding Fathers" of the United States and raised the Mason family to national political prominence.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 "Thomson Mason". Gunston Hall. Archived from the original on 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Mason family of Virginia". The Political Graveyard. June 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 The Colonial Dames of America (1910). Ancestral Records and Portraits: A Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I, the Colonial Dames of America. Boston, Massachusetts: Grafton Press. p. 808.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Evisum Inc. (2000). "George Mason: Statesman". Virtual War Museum. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  5. 1 2 "Raspberry Plain: History". Raspberry Plain. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  6. 1 2 "Hunt Country Celebrations: Reception Sites". Hunt Country Celebrations. 2008. Archived from the original on August 27, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-15.