Thomson Mason (1759–1820)

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Thomson Mason
Thomson Mason

(1759-03-04)March 4, 1759
DiedMarch 11, 1820(1820-03-11) (aged 61)
Fairfax County, Virginia
Residence Hollin Hall, Fairfax County, Virginia
Occupation entrepreneur, planter, civil servant, justice
Spouse(s)Sarah McCarty Chichester
ChildrenMary Thomson Mason Ball
Thomson Francis Mason
Ann Eilbeck Mason Dawson
Elizabeth Thomson Mason
George William Mason
Sarah Chichester Mason
Richard Chichester Mason
John Mason
Parent(s) George Mason IV
Ann Eilbeck

Thomson Mason (4 March 1759 – 11 March 1820) [1] [2] was a prominent entrepreneur, planter, civil servant, and justice. Mason was the son of George Mason, an American patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention.

Justice Concept of moral fairness and administration of the law

Justice, in its broadest context, includes both the attainment of that which is just and the philosophical discussion of that which is just. The concept of justice is based on numerous fields, and many differing viewpoints and perspectives including the concepts of moral correctness based on ethics, rationality, law, religion, equity and fairness. Often, the general discussion of justice is divided into the realm of social justice as found in philosophy, theology and religion, and, procedural justice as found in the study and application of the law.

George Mason American delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention

George Mason IV was an American planter, politician and delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787, one of three delegates who refused to sign the Constitution. His writings, including substantial portions of the Fairfax Resolves of 1774, the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776, and his Objections to this Constitution of Government (1787) opposing ratification, have exercised a significant influence on American political thought and events. The Virginia Declaration of Rights, which Mason principally authored, served as a basis for the United States Bill of Rights, of which he has been deemed the father.


Early life and education

Mason was born on 4 March 1759 at Gunston Hall in Fairfax County, Virginia. [1] [2] Mason was the fifth child and fourth eldest son of George Mason and his wife Ann Eilbeck. [1] [2] During his early childhood and adolescence, Mason was tutored at Gunston Hall. [1] In 1781, Mason served as a militiaman in the American Revolutionary War. [1]

Gunston Hall United States historic place

Gunston Hall is an 18th-century Georgian mansion near the Potomac River in Mason Neck, Virginia, USA. The house was the home of the United States Founding Father George Mason. It was located at the center of a 5,500 acre (22 km²) plantation. The home is also located not far from George Washington's home. The construction period of Gunston Hall was between 1755 and 1759.

Fairfax County, Virginia County in Virginia

Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Part of Northern Virginia, Fairfax County borders both the City of Alexandria and Arlington County and forms part of the suburban ring of Washington, D.C. The county is thus predominantly suburban in character, with some urban and rural pockets.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence in 1776 as the United States of America, and then formed a military alliance with France in 1778.

Marriage and children

Mason married Sarah McCarty Chichester of Newington in 1784. [1] [2] The couple had eight children: [1] [2]

Thomson Francis Mason was a prominent jurist, lawyer, planter, councilman, judge, and the mayor of Alexandria, District of Columbia between 1827 and 1830.

Richard Chichester Mason was a prominent physician practicing in Alexandria, Virginia. Mason was a grandson of George Mason and his wife Ann Eilbeck.


Through deeds of gift in 1781 and 1786, Mason's father passed to him ownership of four tracts totaling 676 acres (2.74 km2). [3] Mason and his wife Sarah constructed their residence Hollin Hall there by 1788. [3] Hollin Hall was destroyed by fire in 1824. [3] [4] In 1916, industrialist Harley Wilson built an elegant new Hollin Hall in its vicinity. [3] [4]

Hollin Hall (Virginia) human settlement in United States of America

Hollin Hall was an 18th-century plantation house three miles (5 km) southwest of Alexandria in Fairfax County, Virginia. George Mason, a United States founding father, gave Hollin Hall to his third son, Thomson Mason, through deeds of gift in 1781 and 1786. The land, as given, totalled 676 acres (2.74 km2). Thomson Mason was the first member of the Mason family to actually live here. Before then, tenants farmed the property.

Later life

Mason died on 11 March 1820 in Fairfax County, Virginia at age 61. [1] [2]


Thomson Mason (1759–1820) was:

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  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Gunston Hall. "William Mason". Gunston Hall. Archived from the original on 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Gunston Hall (2009). "Hollin Hall". Gunston Hall. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
  4. 1 2 Mount Vernon Unitarian Church (2012). "Mount Vernon Unitarian Church". Mount Vernon Unitarian Church. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2012-12-11.