Thon Buri District

Last updated
Thon Buri

ธนบุรี
Temple in Bangkok.jpg
Wat Kanlaya as seen from the river
Amphoe 1015.svg
Khet location in Bangkok
Coordinates: 13°43′30″N100°29′9″E / 13.72500°N 100.48583°E / 13.72500; 100.48583 Coordinates: 13°43′30″N100°29′9″E / 13.72500°N 100.48583°E / 13.72500; 100.48583
Country Thailand
Province Bangkok
SeatBang Yi Ruea
Khwaeng 7
Area
  Total8.551 km2 (3.302 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total109,482 [1]
  Density12,803.41/km2 (33,160.7/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
10600
Geocode 1015

Thon Buri (Thai : ธนบุรี, pronounced  [tʰōn būrīː] ) is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. On the west bank of Chao Phraya River, it was once part of Thon Buri Province. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Bangkok Yai, Phra Nakhon (across Chao Phraya River), Khlong San, Bang Kho Laem (across Chao Phraya), Rat Burana, Chom Thong, and Phasi Charoen.

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai Chinese. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language, similar to Chinese and Vietnamese.

Bangkok Special administrative area in Thailand

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand, and has a population of over eight million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over fourteen million people lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region at the 2010 census, making Bangkok the nation's primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.

Thailand Constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. It is a unitary state. Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.

Contents

History

In addition to the native inhabitants, the district was settled relatively early by foreigners, first Chinese merchants, then the Portuguese after the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese in 1769. In addition to the Chinese and Portuguese, there were also Muslims and Mon, from Burma, as well as French priests, particularly in the neighbourhood called Kudi Chin. The area still retains many Chinese shrines, mosques, and Santa Cruz Church, the second Catholic church to be built in Thailand. [2]

Ayutthaya Kingdom former country

The Ayutthaya Kingdom was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. Ayutthaya was friendly towards foreign traders, including the Chinese, Vietnamese, Portuguese, Indians, Japanese, Koreans, Persians, and later Spaniards, Dutch, English, and French, permitting them to set up villages outside the walls of the capital, also called Ayutthaya.

Myanmar Republic in Southeast Asia

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. Myanmar is the largest of the mainland Southeast Asian states. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Mon people ethnic group

The Mon are an ethnic group native to Myanmar's Mon State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta and the southern border with Thailand. One of the earliest peoples to reside in Southeast Asia, the Mon were responsible for the spread of Theravada Buddhism in Indochina. The Mon were a major source of influence on the culture of Myanmar. They speak the Mon language, an Austroasiatic language, and share a common origin with the Nyah Kur people of Thailand; they are from the Mon mandala (polity) of Dvaravati.

The district used to be called Ratchakhrue (ราชคฤห์) due to a nearby wat of the same name. It was renamed Bang Yi Ruea on 11 July 1916 (after the location of the new district office), and finally Thon Buri on 17 April 1939. [3] The district then belonged to Thon Buri Province. In December 1971 the province was merged with Bangkok to form the present day Bangkok metropolitan area.

Wat Buddhist temple in Thailand, Cambodia or Laos

A wat (Khmer: វត្ត wōat; Lao: ວັດ vat; Tai Lu: 「ᩅᨯ᩠ᨰ」(waD+Dha) or 「ᩅᨯ᩠ᨵ」(waD+dha); Tai Yuan: 「ᩅ᩠ᨯ᩶」(w+Da2); Thai: วัด, RTGS: wat, pronounced [wát]) is a type of Buddhist temple and Hindu temple in Cambodia, Laos, East Shan State, Yunnan and Thailand. The word wat is borrowed from Sanskrit vāṭa (Devanāgarī: वाट), meaning 'enclosure'.

Santa Cruz Church Santa Cruz Bangkok 1.jpg
Santa Cruz Church

Administration

The district is divided into seven sub-districts (khwaengs).

1.Wat Kanlayaวัดกัลยาณ์
2.Hiran Ruchiหิรัญรูจี
3. Bang Yi Ruea  บางยี่เรือ
4.Bukkhaloบุคคโล
5. Talat Phlu ตลาดพลู
6. Dao Khanong ดาวคะนอง
7.Samreสำเหร่

Places

Taksin King of Siam

Taksin the Great or the King of Thonburi was the only King of the Thonburi Kingdom. He had been an Ekatat servant and then was a leader in the liberation of Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords. He established the city of Thonburi as the new capital, as the city of Ayutthaya had been almost completely destroyed by the invaders. His reign was characterized by numerous wars; he fought to repel new Burmese invasions and to subjugate the northern Thai kingdom of Lanna, the Laotian principalities, and a threatening Cambodia.

Wongwian Yai rounabout in Bangkok, Thailand

Wongwian Yai, also spelled "Wong Wian Yai" or "Wongwien Yai", is a large roundabout in Thonburi, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, Thailand, where the statue of King Taksin is situated. It is in Thon Buri District in the centre of Bangkok, at the intersection of Prajadhipok/Intharaphithak/Lat Ya/Somdet Phra Chao Taksin Roads. Nearby is Wongwian Yai Station, a historical commuter railway terminal to Maha Chai and Mae Khlong, a southwestern suburb of Bangkok.

Wat Kalayanamitr Buddhist temple in Bangkok, Thailand

Wat Kalayanamitr Varamahavihara is a Buddhist temple (wat) in Bangkok, Thailand. The temple is located in Wat Kanlaya sub-district, on the Thonburi bank of the Chao Phraya River. The temple was established in 1825 by Chaophraya Nikonbodin, a wealthy Thai Chinese trader, who donated the temple to Rama III. Chaophraya Nikonbodin was an ancestor of the Kalayanamitr family, whose descendants include Saprang Kalayanamitr. A poem inscribed in the temple reads:

Transportation

Chao Phraya River main river in Thailand

The Chao Phraya is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok and then into the Gulf of Thailand.

Related Research Articles

Thonburi area of Bangkok

Thonburi is an area of modern Bangkok. During the era of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, its location on the right (west) bank at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River had made it an important garrison town, which is reflected in its name: thon (ธน) a loanword from Pali dhána wealth and buri (บุรี), from púra fortress. The full formal name was Thon Buri Si Mahasamut. For the informal name, see the history of Bangkok under Ayutthaya.

Sathon District District in Bangkok, Thailand

Sathon or Sathorn is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by six other districts : Bang Rak, Pathum Wan, Khlong Toei, Yan Nawa, Bang Kho Laem, and Khlong San.

Khlong San District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong San is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. On the west bank of Chao Phraya River, its neighboring districts across the river are Phra Nakhon, Samphanthawong, Bang Rak, Sathon, and Bang Kho Laem. On the west side of the river, the only land neighbor is Thon Buri District.

Bangkok Yai District Khet in Bangkok

Bangkok Yai is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. Neighbouring districts are Bangkok Noi, Phra Nakhon, Thon Buri, Phasi Charoen, and Taling Chan.

Bang Kho Laem District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Kho Laem is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by Sathon, Yan Nawa, and across the Chao Phraya River, Rat Burana, Thon Buri and Khlong San districts.

Phasi Charoen District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Phasi Charoen is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by other Bangkok districts : Taling Chan, Bangkok Noi, Bangkok Yai, Thon Buri, Chom Thong, Bang Bon, and Bang Khae.

River systems of Thailand

Thailand has 25 river basins with 254 sub-basins. Rainwater is one of the most important sources of water. Thailand's water resoukle per capita is less than that of other countries in the region.

Siri Rat Subdistrict subdistrict in Bangkok Noi district, Bangkok, Thailand

Siri Rat is one of the 180 sub-districts (khwaeng) of Bangkok, Thailand, covering the area around Siriraj Hospital, located on the southern rim of Khlong (canal) Bangkok Noi mouth to the western bank of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok Noi District. It is also named for the road intersection of Thanon (Road) Arun Ammarin and Thanon Wang Lang at the front of the hospital.

Krung Thon Buri BTS station

Krung Thon Buri station is a BTS Skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Khlong San District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is on Krung Thon Buri Road. It was the first station of Bangkok's rapid transit system on the Chao Phraya River's west bank.

Wongwian Yai station

Wongwian Yai station is a BTS skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Khlong San District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is on Krung Thon Buri Road to the west of Taksin intersection.

Dao Khanong

Dao Khanong is a khwaeng (sub-district) of Thon Buri District, Bangkok's Thonburi side. It is also the name of the surrounding area.

Santa Cruz Church, Bangkok church in Bangkok, Thailand

Santa Cruz Church, also known as Kudi Chin, is a Roman Catholic church in Bangkok. It is in Khwaeng (sub-district) Wat Kanlaya of the Thon Buri District on the west bank of Chao Phraya River, in the neighbourhood known as Kudi Chin. A church was first built on the site, which had been granted to a community of Portuguese Catholics, around 1770. It was then the main Catholic church in Bangkok, and served as the seat of the Apostolic Vicariate of Siam until 1821, when Assumption Cathedral was completed. The current building, in Renaissance Revival style, was built in 1913–1916 to replace a second structure from 1845.

Talat Phlu

Talat Phlu or Talad Phlu is a community and marketplace by the Khlong Bangkok Yai in the Talat Phlu and Bang Yi Ruea Subdistricts, Thon Buri District, Thonburi side of Bangkok.

Tha Phra is a major road intersection in the Wat Tha Phra Subdistrict, Bangkok Yai District in Thon Buri side, Bangkok.

Bang Yi Ruea subdistrict in Thon Buri district, Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Yi Ruea is a khwaeng (sub-district) in Thon Buri district, Thonburi side of Bangkok. It has a total area of 1.523 km2.

Bang Luang Mosque mosque in Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Luang Mosque is a historic mosque in Bangkok located in Soi Arun Amarin 7, New Arun Amarin Road, Wat Kanlaya Subdistrict, Thon Buri District, Thonburi side within Kudi Khao Community by the Khlong Bangkok Yai near mouth of Chao Phraya River, it's also known as Kudi Khao and Kudi To Yi.

Khlong Bangkok Yai canal in Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong Bangkok Yai is a historic khlong of Bangkok. Originally it was part of the Chao Phraya River. In the past, the course of the Chao Phraya was longer than in the present. Those who travel by boat must cruise along the river, which took more than one day, until the reign of King Chairachathirat (1534–46) of the Ayutthaya Kingdom who ordered the construction of a canal bypassing a loop of the Chao Phraya River, known as Khlong Lat Bangkok, thus reducing travel times and changing the course of the Chao Phraya, which now flows along the new canal. The old course became what is known today as Khlong Bangkok Yai and Khlong Bangkok Noi.

Khlong Om Non Canal in Greater Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong Om Non is a khlong (canal) in Nonthaburi Province, a part of Greater Bangkok.

References

  1. "Population and House Report for Year 2017". Department of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 2018-04-01. (Search page)
  2. Wancharoen, Supoj (28 April 2018). "A delicious slice of history". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  3. พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามอำเภอ กิ่งอำเภอ และตำบลบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 56 (0 ก): 354–364. April 17, 1939.