Thonbanhla (Burmese : သုံးပန်လှ [θóʊɴ báɴ l̥a̰] ; lit. Beautiful in Three Ways) is the fifth of nats in the official Burmese pantheon of nats. She was a native of a Mon village called Takunnwan. She was (sic) "beautiful in three ways within one day." She was given to King Duttabaung of Pyay, but the queen was jealous of her beauty and told the king that she was actually very ugly and so fat that she could not fit through the city gate. Hearing this, the king refused to marry Thonbanhla who then died in despair. Another story says that she was the younger sister of Maung Tint De. She married King Smim Htaw Yama of Utthala and gave birth to a daughter, Shin Mi-hnè, but then died of a sudden illness. She is portrayed standing on an ogre bending over a dais supported by an elephant. She wears a topknot, her right hand on her chest and her left hand by her side.
The Burmese language is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group. Although the Constitution of Myanmar officially recognizes the English name of the language as the Myanmar language, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese, after Burma, the older name for Myanmar. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 33 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar and neighboring countries.
The nats are spirits worshipped in Myanmar and neighboring countries in conjunction with Buddhism. They are divided between the 37 Great Nats and all the rest. Almost all of the 37 Great Nats were human beings who met violent deaths. They may thus also be called nat sein. The word 'sein', while meaning 'green', is being used to mean 'raw' in this context. There are however two types of nats in Burmese Buddhist belief.
The Mon are an ethnic group who inhabit Myanmar's Mon State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta, the southern Myanmar border with Thailand, and Thailand's Thon Buri District, Pakret District, Phra Pradaeng District and Lat Krabang District.
Dance in Burma can be divided into dramatic, folk and village, and nat dances, each having distinct characteristics. Although Burmese dance has been influenced by the dance traditions of its neighbours, in particular Thailand, it retains unique qualities that distinguish it from other regional styles, including angular, fast-paced and energetic movements and emphasis on pose, not movement.
Tarabya was king of Ava for about seven months in 1400. He was the heir apparent from 1385 to 1400 during his father King Swa Saw Ke's reign. He was a senior commander in Ava's first three campaigns (1385−91) against Hanthawaddy Pegu in the Forty Years' War. He was assassinated seven months into his rule by his one-time tutor, Gov. Thihapate of Tagaung. The court executed the usurper, and gave the throne to Tarabya's half-brother Min Swe.
Hnamadawgyi is one of the 37 nats in the Burmese pantheon of nats. She is the nat representation of Myat Hla, sister of Maung Tint De. According to tradition, she was a queen of the King of Tagaung. When she saw her brother Tintde being burned alive, she leapt into the fire, but only managed to save his head. She died of her burns and became a nat. She is portrayed standing on a dais upon a black elephant, her right hand on her chest with a plum between her thumb and index finger, and her left hand by her side. She is also known for having a monkey companion, Shwe Min Wun.
Shwenabay (Burmese: ရွှေနံဘေး; also known as Naga Medaw is one of the 37 nats in the Burmese pantheon of nats. According to belief, she was a beautiful woman of Mindon Village who married a Naga. Later, her husband deserted her and she died of a broken heart. Another story maintains that she was actually the wife of Maung Tint De. She is portrayed standing, wearing Naga headdress, her right hand on her chest and her left hand by her side.
Thandawgan is one of the 37 nats in the official pantheon of Burmese nats. The nat is a representation of historical Yè Thiha, a royal messenger of Minkhaung, the viceroy of Taungoo and brother of King Bayinnaung. According to the belief, Ye Thiha went to the forest to gather flowers, contracted malaria, and died. He is portrayed sitting on a lotus pedestal holding a fan in his right hand and his left hand resting on his knee.
Medaw Shwezaga is one of the 37 nats in the Burmese pantheon of nats. She is the one of queen consort of the King Saw Mon Nit, the last king of the Pagan dynasty. She was the mother of Shwe Sitthin, and died of heartbreak over the sorrowful plight of her son. She is portrayed sitting on a pedestal with her right hand on her bosom and her left hand resting on her lap.
Yun Bayin (1558–1564) is one of the 37 nats in the official pantheon of Burmese nats. He was King Mekuti Sutthiwong or Mae Ku, the captive king of Lanna Kingdom, who died of illness during the reign of King Bayinnaung of Toungoo (1551–1581). He is portrayed sitting with right knee raised, right hand holding a sheathed sword across the shoulder, and left hand on left knee.
Htibyuhsaung Medaw, is one of the 37 nats in the Burmese pantheon of nats. She was a grandmother of King Anawrahta of Pagan, and died of illness. She is portrayed with hair knotted and dangling, sitting on folded knees with hand on her lap.
Shingon is one of 37 nats in the official Burmese pantheon of nats. She was a maid of King Thihathu of Ava and accompanied him to the battlefront. She died on her return to the capital, Ava.
Anauk Mibaya is one of 37 nats in the official Burmese pantheon of nats. She was Queen Shin Mi-Nauk, consort of King Minkhaung I and mother of Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa and King Thihathu of Ava. Her son Thihathu also entered the pantheon as Aung Pinle Hsinbyushin.
Myaukhpet Shinma of the 37 nats in the Burmese pantheon of nats. She is the nat representation of the wet nurse of King Tabinshwehti, and a native of North Kadu. She died in childbirth. She is portrayed on her knees, right hand on her bosom and left hand on her knee.
Min Kyawzwa, is one of the 37 nats in the official pantheon of Burmese nats. He is a composite representation of multiple historical personalities. One version puts him as a son of King Theinhko of Pagan; he was murdered by his brother. Another version puts him as an adviser to King Alaungsithu of Pagan; he died an alcoholic. Another puts him as Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa of Ava, who fell in action in the Forty Years' War. Yet another version puts him as a son of the Lord of Pyay and Kuni Devi. He reportedly was a "drunkard and cock fighter and also a good rider", killed by his victims turned devils.
Shin Nemi, also known as Ma Hne Galay or Shin Mihne, is the 37th Burmese nat in the official pantheon of nats. She is the daughter of Thonbanhla and died of grief from her mother's death.
Saw Mon Hla was a principal queen of King Anawrahta of Pagan. She is known in Burmese history for her beauty and her eventual exile instigated by other rival queens. Her story is still part of popular Burmese theater, and she is portrayed as a sad romantic figure.
Burmese folk religion refers to the animistic and polytheistic religious worship of nats and ancestors in Burma (Myanmar). Although the beliefs of nats differ across different regions and villages in Burma, there are a handful of beliefs that are universal in Burmese folk religion.
H.R.H. Princess Hteiktin Ma Lat, also Tin Tin Ma Lat was a royal princess of Burma and one of the senior members of the Royal House of Konbaung.
Shwe Sitthin is one of 37 recognized in the Burmese pantheon of nat. He was a royal pince of Pagan, a son of King Saw Mon Nit, the last king of the Pagan dynasty. His mother is Medaw Shwezaga, one of the 37 nats.
Panhtwar also known as Princess Thonbanhla was the queen regnant of Beikthano, the ancient cities of the Pyu Kingdom. She was a strong spiritual lady of war and fame. Panhtwar is referring to (sic) "beautiful in three ways within one day".
Amay Yay Yin is a prominent Burmese nat. She is also known to be one of the five mother nats as Anauk Medaw.