Thondamannar Bridge

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Thondamannar Bridge

தொண்டைமானாறு பாலம்
Thondamanaru Bridge.JPG
Coordinates 9°49′0″N80°10′0″E / 9.81667°N 80.16667°E / 9.81667; 80.16667 Coordinates: 9°49′0″N80°10′0″E / 9.81667°N 80.16667°E / 9.81667; 80.16667
CarriesMotor vehicles and pedestrians on the AB21 Highway in Northern Province, Sri Lanka
Crosses Vadamarachchi Lagoon
Locale Valvettithurai, Jaffna District
Maintained byRoad Development Authority
History
Construction start1947
Construction end1953
Location map Sri Lanka Northern Province EN.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in Northern Province

Thondamannar Bridge(Tamil : தொண்டைமானாறு பாலம், Thondamanaru Palam  ? ) is a road and pedestrian bridge on the Jaffna - Point Pedro highway across the Vadamarachchi Lagoon near the Valvettithurai town of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka. It was built in 1953 [1] and destroyed in 1987, and rebuilt afterwards in 2004.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Jaffna City in Sri Lanka

Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna District located on a peninsula of the same name. With a population of 88,138 in 2012, Jaffna is Sri Lanka's 12th most populous city. Jaffna is approximately six miles from Kandarodai which served as an emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical antiquity. Jaffna's suburb Nallur served as the capital of the four-century-long medieval Jaffna Kingdom.

The Thondamannar Bridge was primarily used as a barrage since the beginning of its construction period to prevent sea water entering the Vadamarachchi Lagoon that serves as a primary water source for several villages in the neighborhood.

Barrage (dam) type of dam

A barrage is a type of low-head, diversion dam which consists of a number of large gates that can be opened or closed to control the amount of water passing through. This allows the structure to regulate and stabilize river water elevation upstream for use in irrigation and other systems. The gates are set between flanking piers which are responsible for supporting the water load of the pool created. The term barrage is borrowed from the French word "barrer" meaning "to bar".

Vadamarachchi lagoon is a lagoon in Jaffna District, northern Sri Lanka. The lagoon is sometimes referred to as Thondamannar lagoon. The lagoon separates the Vadamarachchi region from the Valikamam and Thenmarachchi regions.

The Barrage was destroyed in 1987 when it came under fire from the Sri Lankan Army. [2]

The sluice gates before its destruction played a dual role not only preventing seawater entering into the villages but also allowing the floodwater flowing from the land-side into the sea during rainy season. [2]

The bridge along with the barrage was rebuilt by the Department of Irrigation in 2004 and now serves the Jaffna - Point Pedro highway, a key link in the Jaffna District and the Northern Province. [2] [3]

Point Pedro Town in Sri Lanka

Point Pedro is a town, located in Jaffna District, Sri Lanka, at the northernmost point of the island.

Jaffna District Administrative District in Northern, Sri Lanka

Jaffna District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Jaffna.

Northern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Northern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Eastern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The majority of the Sri Lankan Civil War was played out in this province.

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References

  1. "A river for Jaffna – the Arumugam Plan" . Retrieved 2013-06-19.
  2. 1 2 3 "Thondamannar sluice gate to be reconstructed" . Retrieved 2013-06-19.
  3. "A River for Jaffna" . Retrieved 2013-06-19.