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|Thondar Duraiswamy Nadar|
|Born||31 October 1915|
|Died||10 October 1971 55)(aged|
"Thondar" Duraiswamy Nadar(Tamil: தொண்டர் துரைசுவாமி நாடார் ) (31 October 1915 – 10 October 1971) was an Indian comrade in the Indian freedom struggle movement. He belonged to Sivakasi, a small town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He participated most actively along with K. Kamaraj in the struggles of the freedom movement. The local people gave him the title of "Thondar", a good soul who serves selflessly and also have named a social study place padipagam as Thondar Duraiswamy Ninaivu Padipagam in Sivakasi.
Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.
Kumaraswami Kamaraj, was a leader of the Indian National Congress (INC), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s. He served as INC president for two terms i.e. four years between 1964–1967 and was responsible for the elevation of Lal Bahadur Shastri to the position of Prime Minister of India after Nehru's death and Indira Gandhi after Shastri's death. Kamaraj was the 3rd Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–1963 and a Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity. He played a major role in developing the infrastructure of the Madras state and worked to improve the quality of life of the needy and the disadvantaged.
Sivakasi is a town in Virudhunagar District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This town is known for its firecracker, matchbox and printing industries. The industries in Sivakasi employ over 2,50,000 people with an estimated turn over of ₹20 billion (US$280 million).Sivakasi was established in the 15th century during the reign of the Pandya king Harikesari Parakkirama Pandian. The town was a part of Madurai empire and has been ruled at various times by the Later Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Chanda Sahib, Carnatic kingdom and the British. A major riot during the British Raj took place in 1899.
He went to jail and became communist behind prison walls. Duraiswamy worked in the press Janasakthi as a proof reader.
The famous Tamil writer Dandapani Jayakanthan claims "Thondar" Duraiswamy as mentor of his early days in his book A Literary Man's Political Experiences he also narrates that "Thondar Duraiswamy, during those days used to narrate him in simple language, story after story relating to freedom movement. 'Thondar' also had many interesting tales to tell about Kamaraj Annachi (elder brother)."
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