Thong Pha Phum District

Last updated
Thong Pha Phum
ทองผาภูมิ
District
Khaochangphuak 03.jpg
Amphoe 7107.svg
District location in Kanchanaburi Province
Coordinates: 14°44′45″N98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500 Coordinates: 14°44′45″N98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500
Country Thailand
Province Kanchanaburi
Seat Tha Khanun
Area
  Total 3,655.171 km2 (1,411.269 sq mi)
Population (2005)
  Total 62,848
  Density 17.2/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 71180
Geocode 7107

Thong Pha Phum (Thai : ทองผาภูมิ, pronounced  [tʰɔ̄ːŋ pʰǎː pʰūːm] ) is a district ( amphoe ) in the northern part of Kanchanaburi Province, central Thailand.

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language.

Amphoe Second level administrative subdivision of Thailand

An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer is Nai Amphoe (นายอำเภอ). Amphoe are divided into tambons,, or sub-districts.

Kanchanaburi Province Province in Thailand

Kanchanaburi is the largest of the western provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The neighboring provinces are Tak, Uthai Thani, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Ratchaburi. In the west it borders Kayin State, Mon State, and the Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar.

Contents

History

At first Thong Pha Phum was the minor district ( king amphoe ) Sangkhla Buri, a subordinate of Wang Ka District. In 1939 the name Sangkhla Buri was assigned to Wang Ka, while the minor district was renamed Thong Pha Phum. [1] On 20 May 1941 it was upgraded to a full district, while at the same time Sangkhla Buri was reduced to a minor district. [2] It then consisted of the six tambons Tha Khanun, Hin Dat, Dika, Chalae, Pilok, and Linthin.

Pilok subdistrict in Thong Pha Phum district, Kanchanaburi province, Thailand

Pilok is a subdistrict (tambon) in Thong Pha Phum District of Thailand's Kanchanaburi Province. Its main settlement, Ban I-tong, is a remote village on the Myanmar border, and is surrounded by Thong Pha Phum National Park, which takes up most of the subdistrict's area. Pilok rose as a mining boomtown in the 1940s, when tin and tungsten mines were established in the area, but suffered greatly from the tin market crash of 1985, after which its mines ceased operation. The village has since seen revival as a tourist destination.

Geography

Neighboring are (from west clockwise) Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar, Sangkhla Buri, Umphang of Tak Province, Ban Rai of Uthai Thani Province, Si Sawat and Sai Yok of Kanchanaburi Province.

Myanmar Republic in Southeast Asia

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Sangkhla Buri District District in Kanchanaburi, Thailand

Sangkhla Buri is a district (amphoe) in Kanchanaburi Province in western Thailand.

Umphang District District in Tak, Thailand

Umphang is the southernmost district (amphoe) of Tak Province, Thailand, established by the Royal Decree Establishing Amphoe Umphang, BE 2502 (1959), which came into force on 6 May 1959.

The district's important water resource is the Khwae Noi River, which is dammed by the district's Vajiralongkorn Dam.

Khwae Noi River river in Kanchanaburi province, Thailand

The River Kwai, more correctly Khwae Noi or Khwae Sai Yok, is a river in western Thailand. It rises to the east of the Salween in the north-south spine of the Bilauktaung range near, but not over the border with Burma. It begins at the confluence of Ranti, Songkalia and Bikhli Rivers. At Kanchanaburi it merges with the Khwae Yai River to form the Mae Klong River, which empties into the Gulf of Thailand at Samut Songkhram.

Vajiralongkorn Dam embankment dam

Vajiralongkorn Dam, also called the Khao Laem Dam (เขื่อนเขาแหลม), is a concrete-faced rock-fill dam (CFRD) in Thong Pha Phum District in Kanchanaburi, Thailand. The dam lies across the Khwae Noi River and was renamed Vajiralongkorn Dam after King Vajiralongkorn on 13 July 2001. Vajiralongkorn Dam is Thailand's first CFRD and supplies a 300 MW hydroelectric power station with water. The dam was built and is managed by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT).

Thong Pha Phum, Lam Khlong Ngu, Khuean Srinagarindra, and Khao Laem National Parks are found in the district.

Thong Pha Phum National Park National park of Thailand

Thong Pha Phum National Park is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, located on the border with Myanmar, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.

Lam Khlong Ngu National Park is a national park in Chale, Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. It was established on 25 December 2009. The park, caves and waterfall are in the protected area of Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation.

Khuean Srinagarindra National Park

Khuean Srinagarindra National Park is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, centred on the Srinagarind Reservoir, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.

Climate

Climate data for Thong Pha Phum (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
41.3
(106.3)
43.0
(109.4)
41.5
(106.7)
38.0
(100.4)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.7
(96.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F)33.3
(91.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.9
(98.4)
37.3
(99.1)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.8
(76.6)
26.7
(80.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.8
(85.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
25.3
(77.5)
23.9
(75)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F)16.8
(62.2)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.8
(73)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
19.5
(67.1)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F)7.4
(45.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.5
(52.7)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
19.2
(66.6)
13.9
(57)
9.9
(49.8)
5.2
(41.4)
5.2
(41.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches)5.4
(0.213)
16.4
(0.646)
46.4
(1.827)
101.8
(4.008)
227.5
(8.957)
278.3
(10.957)
323.2
(12.724)
343.7
(13.531)
241.2
(9.496)
172.3
(6.783)
25.6
(1.008)
4.7
(0.185)
1,786.5
(70.335)
Average rainy days0.61.74.48.218.725.226.327.223.516.33.60.8156.5
Average relative humidity (%)72656469818587878684797578
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0262.7275.9276.0155.0114.058.958.954.0145.7219.0279.02,178.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.09.38.99.25.03.81.91.91.84.77.39.06.0
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department [3]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity) [4]

Administration

The district is divided into seven sub-districts ( tambons ), which are further subdivided into 44 villages ( mubans ). Thong Pha Phum itself is a township ( thesaban tambon ) and covers parts of the tambon Tha Khanun. There are a further seven tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

Tambon central government unit in Thailand

Tambon is a local governmental unit in Thailand. Below district (amphoe) and province (changwat), they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of 2016 there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains eight to ten tambon. Tambon is usually translated as "township" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for king amphoe, the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (muban), about ten per tambon. Tambon within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called chumchon (ชุมชน) that may be formed into community associations.

Muban Administrative village in Thailand

Muban is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Usually translated as village and sometimes as hamlet, they are a subdivision of a tambon. As of 2008, there were 74,944 administrative muban in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 144 households or 746 persons.

No.NameThai nameVillages Pop.
1.Tha Khanunท่าขนุน518,544
2.Pilokปิล๊อก45,997
3.Hin Datหินดาด85,346
4.Linthinลิ่นถิ่น66,933
5.Chalaeชะแล79,308
6.Huai Khayengห้วยเขย่ง810,981
7.Sahakon Nikhomสหกรณ์นิคม65,739

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References