|Thong Pha Phum National Park|
|Location||Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand|
|Area||1,236 km2 (477 sq mi)|
|Established||23 December 2009|
|Governing body||Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation|
Thong Pha Phum National Park (Thai : อุทยานแห่งชาติทองผาภูมิ) is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, located on the border with Myanmar, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.
Thai, Central Thai or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language.
Kanchanaburi is the largest of the western provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The neighboring provinces are Tak, Uthai Thani, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Ratchaburi. In the west it borders Kayin State, Mon State, and the Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship.
Thong Pha Phum National Park is located about 175 kilometres (100 mi) northwest of Kanchanaburi town and 30 kilometres (20 mi) west of Thong Pha Phum, in Sangkhla Buri and Thong Pha Phum Districts. The park's area is 1,236 square kilometres (477 sq mi). Khao Chang Phueak is the park's highest peak at 1,249 metres (4,098 ft).
Sangkhla Buri is a district (amphoe) in Kanchanaburi Province in western Thailand.
Thong Pha Phum is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Kanchanaburi Province, central Thailand.
Khao Chang Phueak is a mountain in Thailand's Thong Pha Phum National Park. It is in Pilok Subdistrict, Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Province. Khao Chang Phueak is 1,249 meters (4,098 ft) in elevation and it is the third highest mountain in Kanchanaburi.
On 23 December 2009, Thong Pha Phum became Thailand's 114th National Park.
The park has numerous waterfalls and caves. Chok Kradin waterfall descends 30 metres (100 ft) over a cliff. Another large waterfall is Khao Yai, with three levels. Other park waterfalls include Dip Yai, Bi Teng and Huai Meuang. Khao Noi cave houses Buddha images. Khao Khat viewpoint offers a panoramic view over the park.
Animal species include elephant, tiger, water buffalo, northern red muntjac and civet. Bird life includes hornbills, bulbul and coucal.
The Indian elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.
The Indochinese tiger is a tiger population in Southeast Asia. This population occurs in Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia and southwestern China. It has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2008, as the population seriously declined and approaches the threshold for Critically Endangered. It is considered extinct in Cambodia. As per 2011, the population was thought to comprise 342 individuals, including 85 in Myanmar, and 20 in Vietnam. The largest population unit survives in Thailand estimated at 189 to 252 individuals.
The water buffalo or domestic water buffalo is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. Today, it is also found in Europe, Australia, North America, South America and some African countries. The wild water buffalo native to Southeast Asia is considered a different species, but most likely represents the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo.
Suphan Buri is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Uthai Thani, Chai Nat, Sing Buri, Ang Thong, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi.
Khao Yai, meaning "large mountain" in Thai language, usually refers to an area in the Sankamphaeng mountain range of Thailand which is now Khao Yai National Park.
Si Sawat is a district (amphoe) in Kanchanaburi Province, western Thailand.
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park is a national park in Krabi Province, Thailand. The park is named for Khao Phanom Bencha mountain and protects an area of virgin rainforest and rare wildlife.
Sai Yok National Park is a national park in Sai Yok district, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, home to mountains, waterfalls and caves, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.
Khuean Srinagarindra National Park is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, centred on the Srinagarind Reservoir, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park, also known as Tham Than Lot National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติถ้ำธารลอด), is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, featuring mountains, caves and waterfalls, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.
Namtok Sam Lan National Park is a national park in Saraburi Province, Thailand. Other names for the park include Khao Sam Lan National Park and Phra Puttachai National Park. Home to waterfalls, reservoirs and forests, the park is located near the cave temple Wat Phra Puttachai.
Taksin Maharat National Park is a national park in Tak Province, Thailand. Home to Thailand's largest tree, the park also features waterfalls, caves, and rock formations.
Chae Son National Park is a national park in Lampang Province, Thailand. Home to the namesake Chae Son waterfall, the park is also host to caves and hot springs.
Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park is a national park in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. It is home to caves, waterfalls and steep mountain terrain.
Op Luang National Park is a national park in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. It is home to a scenic river canyon, waterfalls, and caves.
Sai Thong National Park is a national park in Thailand's Chaiyaphum Province. This mountainous park features waterfalls, scenic viewpoints and a seasonal flower field.
Khun Khan National Park is a national park in Thailand's Chiang Mai Province. This mountainous park is home to forests, waterfalls and cliff-top viewpoints.
Phu Pha Man National Park is a national park in Thailand's Khon Kaen and Loei provinces. This forested park is home to caves, waterfalls and steep cliffs.
Lam Khlong Ngu National Park is a national park in Chale, Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. It was established on 25 December 2009. The park, caves and waterfall are in the protected area of Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation.
Pilok is a subdistrict (tambon) in Thong Pha Phum District of Thailand's Kanchanaburi Province. Its main settlement, Ban I-tong, is a remote village on the Myanmar border, and is surrounded by Thong Pha Phum National Park, which takes up most of the subdistrict's area. Pilok rose as a mining boomtown in the 1940s, when tin and tungsten mines were established in the area, but suffered greatly from the tin market crash of 1985, after which its mines ceased operation. The village has since seen revival as a tourist destination.
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