Thongaree’s disc-nosed bat

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Thongaree’s disc-nosed bat
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Megadermatidae
Genus: Eudiscoderma
Soisook, Prajakjitr, Karapan, Francis & Bates, 2015
Species:
E. thongareeae
Binomial name
Eudiscoderma thongareeae
Soisook, Prajakjitr, Karapan, Francis & Bates, 2015 =

Thongaree’s disc-nosed bat (Eudiscoderma thongareeae) is a critically endangered species of bat found in Thailand. It is the only member of the genus Eudiscoderma.

Critically endangered IUCN conservation category

A critically endangered (CR) species is one that has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Bat Order of flying mammals

Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight. Bats are more manoeuvrable than birds, flying with their very long spread-out digits covered with a thin membrane or patagium. The smallest bat, and arguably the smallest extant mammal, is Kitti's hog-nosed bat, which is 29–34 mm (1.14–1.34 in) in length, 15 cm (5.91 in) across the wings and 2–2.6 g (0.07–0.09 oz) in mass. The largest bats are the flying foxes and the giant golden-crowned flying fox, Acerodon jubatus, which can weigh 1.6 kg (4 lb) and have a wingspan of 1.7 m.

Contents

Biology

It has been observed eating beetles. [2]

Range and habitat

All known individuals have come Thailand in the Bala Forest of Narathiwat Province. [2]

Narathiwat Province Province in Thailand

Narathiwat is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Yala and Pattani. To the south it borders the Malaysian state of Kelantan. The southern railway line ends in this province, which is one of the nation's four provinces that border Malaysia. The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources, and is relatively fertile. Narathiwat is about 1,140 kilometers south of Bangkok and has an area of 4,475 square kilometers. Seventy-five percent of the area is jungle and mountains and has a tropical climate.

Conservation

This species is currently evaluated as critically endangered by the IUCN. It is critically endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 100 km2 (39 sq mi), it is only known at a single location, there is a projected decline in its habitat quality, and its area of occupancy is less than 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi). Indeed, the known area of occupancy of this species is 0.03–1 km2 (0.012–0.386 sq mi). Only three individuals have ever been observed. [1]

International Union for Conservation of Nature international organisation

The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable".

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References

  1. 1 2 Soisook, P. (2017). "Eudiscoderma thongareeae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T80263386A95642210. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T80263386A95642210.en.
  2. 1 2 Soisook, P. I. P. A. T., Prajakjitr, A., Karapan, S., Francis, C. M., & Bates, P. J. (2015). A new genus and species of false vampire (Chiroptera: Megadermatidae) from peninsular Thailand. Zootaxa, 3931(4), 528-550.