Thongchai Winichakul

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Thongchai Winichakul (Thai : ธงชัย วินิจจะกูล; RTGS: Thongchai Winitchakun; IPA: [tʰōŋ.tɕʰāj wí.nít.tɕà.kūːn] ), is professor emeritus of Southeast Asian history at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is currently a chief senior researcher at the Institute of Developing Economies. He is of Sino Thai descent. [1] [2] Thongchai has had a major impact on the concept of Thai nationalism. [3] His best-known academic work is his book, Siam Mapped, which critiqued existing theories of Thai historiography. In its Japanese translation, the book won the Grand Prize of the 16th Asian Pacific Awards from the Asian Affairs Research Council. [4] Thongchai was named to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003. [5] He was the President for the Association for Asian Studies in 2013. [6]

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language, similar to Chinese and Vietnamese.

The Royal Thai General System of Transcription (RTGS) is the official system for rendering Thai words in the Latin alphabet. It was published by the Royal Institute of Thailand.

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language. The IPA is used by lexicographers, foreign language students and teachers, linguists, speech-language pathologists, singers, actors, constructed language creators and translators.

Contents

Political activity

Thongchai was a student organizer and political activist while still in high school. He became even more involved in pro-democracy movements while in his first two years as an undergraduate at Thammasat University in Bangkok. Student and labor organizing had blossomed during and after the popular uprising of 14 October 1973. But following the return of disempowered military dictator Thanom Kittikachorn and the resignation of Prime Minister Seni Pramoj, Thongchai and other student leaders organized a fresh wave of protests centered at Thammasat University. These culminated in a large rally that grew through the night of 5 October 1976. The next morning, 6 October, the Thai military surrounded the Thammasat campus and attacked the students in what has been described as the "Thammasat University massacre" in which at least 46 people were killed, some even being raped, hung, or burned to death. Many students escaped. Thousands of students were arrested, though 19 were eventually imprisoned, including Thongchai. Various organizations, including Amnesty International, advocated for his release as a prisoner of conscience. He was released on 16 September 1978 and allowed to return to finish his education at Thammasat on the condition that he was not involved in further political activities. He later went to Sydney, Australia, for his graduate education.

Thammasat University university in Thailand

Thammasat University (TU), is a public research university in Thailand with campuses in Tha Phra Chan near the Grand Palace in the heart of Bangkok Old City, in Rangsit which is 42 kilometers north of Bangkok, in Pattaya, a popular seaside district in the Eastern Seaboard, and in Lampang Province near Chiang Mai.

1973 Thai popular uprising

The popular uprising of 14 October 1973 was a watershed event in Thailand's history. The uprising resulted in the end of the ruling military dictatorship of anti-communist Thanom Kittikachorn and altered the Thai political system. Notably, it highlighted the growing influence of Thai university students in politics.

Thanom Kittikachorn Thai politician

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn was a military dictator of Thailand. A staunch anti-communist, Thanom oversaw a decade of military rule in Thailand from 1963 to 1973, during which he staged a self-coup, until public protests which exploded into violence forced him to step down. His return from exile in 1976 sparked protests which led to a massacre of demonstrators, followed by a military coup.

Academic career

Thongchai completed his Bachelor of Arts degree with first class honors from Thammasat University in 1981. He received his master's degree with honors from University of Sydney in 1984. In 1988, he was conferred his doctoral degree from the same university. Subsequently, he returned to Bangkok to lecture at Thammasat University until 1991.

University of Sydney Australian university founded in 1850

The University of Sydney is an Australian public research university in Sydney, Australia. Founded in 1850, it is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. The university is known as one of Australia's 6 sandstone universities. Its campus is ranked in the top 10 of the world's most beautiful universities by the British Daily Telegraph and The Huffington Post, spreading across the inner-city suburbs of Camperdown and Darlington. The university comprises nine faculties and university schools, through which it offers bachelor, master and doctoral degrees.

He was then appointed assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin. He has remained in Madison, being promoted to associate professor in 1995, and full professor in 2001. He is assigned to both the Department of History and the Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Among other positions, he served as director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies from 1997 to 1999, and director of graduate studies of the Department of History from 2008. He retired as professor emeritus in 2016.

Since 1991, he has been a member of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS), chairing its Southeast Asia Council and serving on its executive board in 1996–1997. [7] > In 2012, he was Vice President of the AAS, and in 2013, President. [8] He was a principal research fellow at the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore from 2010 to 2012. [9]

The Association for Asian Studies (AAS) is a scholarly, non-political and non-profit professional association open to all persons interested in Asia and the study of Asia. It is based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States. With approximately 8,000 members worldwide, from all the regions and countries of Asia and across academic disciplines, the AAS is the largest organization focussing on Asian studies.

National University of Singapore autonomous research university in Singapore

The National University of Singapore (NUS) is the first autonomous research university in Singapore. NUS is a comprehensive research university, offering a wide range of disciplines, including the sciences, medicine and dentistry, design and environment, law, arts and social sciences, engineering, business, computing and music at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Founded in 1905 as the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States Government Medical School, NUS is the oldest higher education institution in Singapore.

Selected works

Andrew Turton is a British anthropologist, specialised on Thailand and the Tai peoples of Southeast Asia.

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References

  1. Benedict Anderson (1993), Radicalism after Communism in Thailand and Indonesia (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-08-13
  2. Kevin Khoo Teng Yang (2012), "Discuss the following statement: "We talk about sea history being written from a sea perspective. However, most SEAsian historians are trained by Western scholars using Western theories and intellectual tools. Therefore, their scholarship is no more 'indigenous' than that written by Ang Moh."" (PDF), NUS History Society E-Journal, archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-21
  3. Patrick Jory (March 2003). "Problems in Contemporary Thai Nationalist Historiography". Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia (3). Archived from the original on 2008-02-23.
  4. "Professor Winichakul Wins Book Award". Center for Southeast Asian Studies. 2004-09-28. Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  5. "Four UW–Madison Professors Honored". Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI). 2003-05-09. p. B3.
  6. http://www.asian-studies.org/about/board.htm
  7. "Thongchai Winichakul, Professor of History" (PDF). Department of History, University of Wisconsin. Archived from the original (Curriculum vitae) on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
  8. Dr Thongchai Winichakul — CV (PDF), Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore
  9. Staff Details: Prof WINICHAKUL Thongchai, Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, archived from the original on 2014-05-02
  10. "1995 Harry J. Benda Prize in Southeast Asian Studies". Association for Asian Studies (AAS). Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
University of Wisconsin–Madison Public university in Wisconsin, USA

The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin. Founded when Wisconsin achieved statehood in 1848, UW–Madison is the official state university of Wisconsin, and the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System. It was the first public university established in Wisconsin and remains the oldest and largest public university in the state. It became a land-grant institution in 1866. The 933-acre (378 ha) main campus, located on the shores of Lake Mendota, includes four National Historic Landmarks. The University also owns and operates a historic 1,200-acre (486 ha) arboretum established in 1932, located 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the main campus.