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|Founded by||Pattom Thanu Pillai|
|• Body||Karunapuram grama panchayath|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Thookupalam is a developing commercial centre lying about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the Kerala-Tamil Nadu border in the Idukki district of Kerala, India. It lies on the banks of river Kallar and is one of the main tourist hubs between Thekkady, Munnar and Ramakkalmedu.
Kerala is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), Kerala is the twenty-third largest Indian state by area. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.
Tamil Nadu, formerly Madras State, is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Thookupalam is one of the spices trading centres in Idukki district. The place is situated on the Thekkady-Munnar road near the Ramakkalmedu windmill project. The main crops cultivated in the area include cardamom, black pepper, Cocoa and coffee. Thookkupalam is well known for the Sunday market of vegetables, fruits, domestic animals and many agricultural products. This is one of the developing villages of Idukki.[ citation needed ]
Ramakkalmedu is a hill station and a hamlet in Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala. The place is noted for its panoramic beauty and numerous windmills.
Cardamom, sometimes cardamon orcardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae. Both genera are native to the Indian subcontinent and Indonesia. They are recognized by their small seed pods: triangular in cross-section and spindle-shaped, with a thin, papery outer shell and small, black seeds; Elettaria pods are light green and smaller, while Amomum pods are larger and dark brown.
Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, it is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper, green pepper, or white pepper.
The main mode of transport in Thookkupalam is road. Kerala State RTC and Tamil Nadu STC services are also available 24/7. Low floor Air conditioned buses Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation are also available to access places like Ernakulam and Thodupuzha.
The Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC) is a state-run bus company which operates more than 500 low-floor buses in Kerala. KURTC runs complete and individual services in Ernakulam & Thiruvananthapuram districts. The remaining 12 districts are divided into 5 clusters ; Cluster I comprises Kozhikode, Wayanad and Malappuram; Cluster II Kottayam, Thodupuzha, and Pathanamthitta; Cluster III Kannur and Kasaragod; Cluster IV Thrissur and Palakkad; and Cluster V Kollam and Alappuzha.
Ernakulam refers to the central, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. The Kerala High Court, the office of the Kochi Municipal Corporation and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. The Ernakulam Junction is a major railway station of the Indian Railways. Initially, Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was later shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 220 kilometres (137 mi) north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala.
Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India, created on 26 January 1972 bifurcating Kottayam District. At that time, the district headquarters was at Kottayam. In June 1976 it was moved to Painavu. Idukki lies in the Western Ghats of Kerala. Idukki is the second largest district in area but has the lowest population density. Idukki has a vast forest reserve area; more than a half of the district is covered by forests. The urban areas are densely populated whereas villages are sparsely populated. Idukki is also known as the spice garden of Kerala.
Muvattupuzha is a prominent old town in the midlands directly to the east of Kochi. It is situated at around 36 km (22 mi) from downtown Kochi. The town is a growing urban centre in central Kerala and also an aspiring new district headquarter. The town is also popular as the starting point of Muvattupuzha river which happens by the merging of three rivers – namely Thodupuzhayar, Kaliyar and Kothayar – to form Muvattupuzhayaar. Thus, this Thriveni Sangamam or confluence of three rivers is called Muvattupuzha.
Thekkady is the location of the Periyar National Park, which is an important tourist attraction in the Kerala state of India.
Periyar is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. It generates a significant proportion of Kerala's electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. The river also provides water for irrigation and domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery. Due to these reasons, the river has been named the "Lifeline of Kerala". Kochi city, in the vicinity of the river mouth draws its water supply from Aluva, an upstream site sufficiently free of seawater intrusion. Twenty five percent of Kerala's industries are along the banks of river Periyar. These are mostly crowded within a stretch of 5 kilometres (3 mi) in the Eloor-Edayar region (Udhyogamandal), about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Kochi harbor.
Kumily is the largest Gram Panchayat in the Idukki district of Kerala. It is a town in Cardamom Hills near Thekkady and Periyar Tiger Reserve. Kumily is gateway town in Kerala to Tamil Nadu.
Nedumkandam is the headquarters of Udumbanchola taluk which is situated in Idukki district of the Indian state of Kerala. Nedumkandam is among the fastest growing towns in the Idukki district. Nedumkandam is well known for its spices production and is a major contributor to the production of spices like cardamom and pepper. This town situated an average elevation of 900 meter above sea level and maximum elevation respectively 1190 meter 1100 meter and 975 meter and is a destination for economical stay and shopping for tourists in the popular Kumily-Munnar tourist route.
Udumbanchola is a taluk in Idukki district of Kerala state in India. This is in the high-ranges. Nedumkandam is the major town and capital of Udumbanchola taluk. This taluk borders Tamil Nadu state. This is the biggest taluk in Kerala state and is the location of Mathikettan Shola National Park.
The Main Eastern Highway is the lifeline of the high range townships of the Travancore region of Kerala state, India. It is also known as Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Palai-Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha Highway. Main Eastern Highway is categorized as State Highway - 08 of Kerala. It is the second longest State Highway of Kerala covering a distance of 153.6 km. The districts it passes through are Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, Idukki and Ernakulam.
Mangala Devi Kannagi temple is a historic temple located in the Idukki district of Kerala bordering Tamil Nadu, about 7 km from Pazhiyankudi in Theni district and 15 km from Thekkady in Idukki district. Cheran Chenguttuvan, the king of ancient Tamilakam, had erected the temple for Kannagi around 2000 years back at Vannathiparai and called it 'Kannagi Kottam' or 'Mangaladevi Kannagi temple' and performed regular pujas. It sits at an altitude of about 1,337 m (4,386 ft) above the mean sea level. It is surrounded by lush greenery and is closed throughout the year except during the Chitra Pournami festival. At other times tourists can still view it by getting a special letter from the forest ranger. The view from the temple premises is spectacular and one can see part of eastern ghats and some villages from adjacent state of Tamil Nadu.
Kanthalloor is a village in Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala.It is a village nestled in the Western Ghats of India. The salubrious climate and the picturesque landscapes and wide variety of tropical crops coupled with the close proximity of Munnar, has transformed this village into a tourist destination.
Pampadumpara is a village in Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala.Cardamom Research Institute is located in Pampadumpara.
Adimaly is a town in the Idukki district of Kerala, India. National Highway 185 is a highway in India running from Adimali to Kumily through Kattappana and ends in Adoor in Kerala. Adimaly is located on the National Highway 49,now NH 85,known as Kochi -Dhanushkodi national highway(India) connecting Kochi and Madurai, India. From Adimaly, it is only 27 kilometers to Munnar, which is a famous hill station. The waterfalls Cheeyappara, Adimaly waterfalls and Valara are located nearby. Pepper cultivation is the main agricultural activity of this place. The Ponmudi Dam was constructed in 1963 across the Panniar river, nearly 15 km southeast of Adimali, on the way to Rajakkad. Adimali is known for its proximity to munnar and natural environment. Adimaly has almost all the basic facilities like roads, educational institutions and hospitals.
Anakkara bus station
Parunthumpara is a village in the Indian state of Kerala's Idukki District. It is a small scenic location near Wagamon en route to Peerumedu. Parunthin Para also known as 'Parunthumpara'. From here, the Makarajyothi of Sabarimala is visible. The main attractions of Parunthumpara are Suicide Point and Tagor Head. A nearby tourist spot is Thekkady.
Bodimettu is a locality in Theni district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India, near the border with Kerala. It is 10 km from Poopara on the way to Bodinayakkanur by the side of National Highway 85, which runs from Madurai to Kochi. Bodimettu is the main cardamom-growing area of Tamil Nadu. It is close to famous tourist destinations such as Munnar, Marayur, Thekkady, Kodaikanal, Idukki Dam.
Vagavurrai or Vaguvarrai is a village in Idukki district of Kerala, India. It is located 24 kilometers north of Munnar and 18 kilometer from Marayur on SH 17 connecting Munnar with Udumalpet, Tamil Nadu.Geographically, it is located approximately 25 km from Munnar, and is flanked by the Madupatty Dam on one side and the highest peak of South India – Aneimudi on the other side. The accessibility is by road through the 9th mile – Udumalpet road leading to Coimbatore on one side and Munnar – Top Station road on the other side. This entire area has a wealth of flora and fauna. Exotic Rhododendrons are found in parts of Vaguvurrai and Gundumallay, and the much sought after Kurinji in Vagavurrai. It is also known for its rich wildlife. Elephants, Bisons, Mouse deers, Sambars and Porcupines are found in abundance.
Kolukkumalai is a small village/hamlet in Bodinayakanur Taluk in the Theni district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu bordering Idukki district of Kerala. It is home to the highest tea plantations in the world with the tea grown here possessing a special flavour and freshness because of the high altitude.
The KDHP Tea Museum is an industry and history museum situated in Munnar, a town in the Idukki district of Kerala in South India. Tata Tea Museum is its official name, but it's also known as Nalluthanni Estate where it is located, or Kannan Devan Hills Plantation (KDHP) Tea Museum.
Puliyanmala is a village in Idukki district of Kerala state, India. The places intersects SH-19 (Munnar-Kumily) and SH-33 (Thodupuzha-Puliyanmala), which are the two important state highways in the district. It comes under the premises of Kattappana municipality and belongs to the newly formed Idukki constituency.
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