Thor Henning (left) and Håkan Malmrot at the 1920 Olympics
|Born|| 13 September 1894|
|Died|| 7 October 1967 (aged 73)|
|Club||SK Neptun, Stockholm|
Thor Henning (13 September 1894 – 7 October 1967) was a Swedish breaststroke and freestyle swimmer who won a four medals at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. At the 1912 Summer Olympics he came second after German Walter Bathe in the 400 m breaststroke, and in 1920 he was beaten by teammate Håkan Malmrot in the 200 m and 400 m breaststroke.
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million of which 2.4 million has a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi). The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.
Breaststroke is a swimming style in which the swimmer is on their chest and the torso does not rotate. It is the most popular recreational style due to the swimmer's head being out of the water a large portion of the time, and that it can be swum comfortably at slow speeds. In most swimming classes, beginners learn either the breaststroke or the freestyle first. However, at the competitive level, swimming breaststroke at speed requires comparable endurance and strength to other strokes. Some people refer to breaststroke as the "frog" stroke, as the arms and legs move somewhat like a frog swimming in the water. The stroke itself is the slowest of any competitive strokes and is thought to be the oldest of all swimming strokes.
Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation (FINA), in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters, also known as the mile. The term 'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for 'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions.
Medley is a combination of four different swimming styles — butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle — into one race. This race is either swum by one swimmer as individual medley (IM) or by four swimmers as a medley relay.
Denmark competed at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany. 126 competitors, 114 men and 12 women, took part in 74 events in 17 sports.
Sarah Frances "Fanny" Durack, also known by her married name Fanny Gately, was an Australian competition swimmer. From 1910 until 1918 she was the world's greatest female swimmer of all distances from freestyle sprints to the mile marathon.
Denmark competed at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, USSR. In partial support of the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics, Denmark competed under the Olympic Flag instead of its national flag. 58 competitors, 55 men and 3 women, took part in 30 events in 13 sports.
Germany competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. 185 competitors, 180 men and 5 women, took part in 69 events in 14 sports. Due to the political fallout from World War I, this was that country's last appearance until 1928.
The men's 400 metre breaststroke was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the second appearance of the event, which had been introduced in 1904. The competition was held from Monday July 8, 1912 to Friday July 12, 1912.
Håkan Malmrot was a Swedish breaststroke swimmer. He won two gold medals at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, in the 200 m and 400 m events, both times with Swedish Thor Henning as silver medalist. In 1980 Malmrot was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame.
Pontus Hanson was a Swedish water polo player and swimmer, who won a bronze medal at the 1908 Summer Olympics in the 200 m breaststroke. In water polo he won bronze medals in 1908 and 1920 and a silver in 1912. His brother Sven competed in the 200 m breaststroke at the 1912 Olympics.
Robert Theodor Andersson was a Swedish water polo player, diver, and freestyle swimmer who competed in the 1906 Summer Olympics, in the 1908 Summer Olympics, in the 1912 Summer Olympics, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Karl Torsten Kumfeldt was a Swedish water polo goalkeeper and breaststroke swimmer. He competed in water polo at the 1908, 1912 and 1920 Summer Olympics and won one silver and two bronze medals. In 1908 he also took part in the 200 m breaststroke event.
Félicien Courbet was a Belgian water polo player and breaststroke swimmer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics, in the 1912 Summer Olympics, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Walter Bathe was a German breaststroke swimmer. He won gold medals in the 200 m and 400 m breaststroke at the 1912 Summer Olympics, setting Olympic records that lasted until 1924. In 1970 he was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame.
Arvo Ossian Aaltonen was a Finnish breaststroke swimmer who competed at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. He won bronze medals in the 200 m and 400 m events in 1920, and failed to reach the finals in 1912 and 1924.
The men's 400 metre breaststroke was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. It was the third and last appearance of the event.
Sun Ye is an Olympic medal winning swimmer from China. She swam for China at the 2008 Olympics, where she was part of China's 400 Medley Relay which finished 3rd, and the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Karl Gustaf Lennart Lindroos was a Finnish breaststroke swimmer who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Michael James McDermott was an American breaststroke swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Charles Fenton Mercer Spotswood Quinby was an American competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. Quinby competed in the qualifying heats of the men's 400-meter breaststroke; he finished fourth in his heat but did not advance.
Stephen A. Ruddy, Jr. was an American competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. Ruddy competed in the preliminary heats of the men's 200-meter breaststroke and men's 400-meter breaststroke, but did not advance.
Sydney Howard Gooday represented Great Britain at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, swimming the men's 200-metre breaststroke. Gooday finished third in his first round heat and did not advance. By the time of the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Gooday was residing in Canada. Decades after the Stockholm games during newspaper coverage of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Ottawa journalists stated that Gooday had been the first Ottawa resident to win an Olympic event. Allegedly, Gooday won the 100-metre breaststroke in 1912.
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