Thor Longus

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Thor's Seal; it depicts him, seated with a sword, and the Latin inscription "Thor me mittet amico," i.e. "Thor gave me to a friend." Thorsseal.gif
Thor's Seal; it depicts him, seated with a sword, and the Latin inscription "Thor me mittet amico," i.e. "Thor gave me to a friend."

Thor Longus or Thor the Long (fl. c. 1113×1124) was an early 12th-century Anglo-Saxon noble associated with Roxburghshire, a culturally English territory ruled by the Scottish king from the 11th-century onwards. A charter dating between 1107×1113 and 1124 claims that Thor the Long founded Ednam, previously a deserted waste granted to him by King Edgar of Scotland. [1]

Roxburghshire Historic county in Scotland

Roxburghshire or the County of Roxburgh is a historic county and registration county in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. It borders Dumfriesshire to the west, Selkirkshire and Midlothian to the north-west, and Berwickshire to the north. To the south-west it borders Cumberland and to the south-east Northumberland, both in England.

Ednam Village in Scotland, Britain

Ednam is a small village near Kelso in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.


Ednam lies close to the Northumberland border with Roxburghshire. The charter states that he repopulated the settlement with his own followers and built a church. [1] The charter grants the church to the monks of St Cuthbert. [1] There survives the notice of this grant given by Thor to his lord Earl David (future David I of Scotland), as well as Earl David's confirmation of the same grant. [2]

David I of Scotland King of scotland

David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of Scotland from 1124 to 1153. The youngest son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex, David spent most of his childhood in Scotland, but was exiled to England temporarily in 1093. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I. There he was influenced by the Anglo-French culture of the court.

Thor had a brother named Leofwine, mentioned in Thor's charter as requiring "redemption". [3] Leofwine "the monk" was commemorated in the Martyrology of the Durham Cantor's book for June 2 (day of death), and in the same source Thor Longus was commemorated for May 14. [4] The year of his death and descendants are not known, but Ednam appears to have been transferred into the Crown's hands by 1136, [5] so he can be presumed dead by that date.

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Howlett, Caledonian Craftsmen, pp. 10–11; Lawrie (ed.), Early Scottish Charters, no. 24
  2. See Howlett, Caledonian Craftsmen, pp. 10–14 for text, translation and commentary; Lawrie (ed.), Early Scottish Charters, nos. 24, 33, 34
  3. Howlett, Caledonian Craftsmen, pp. 10–11; Lawrie (ed.), Early Scottish Charters, p. 259, suggests he had been a prisoner in the Crusades
  4. Barrow, "Scots in the Durham Liber Vitae", p. 111
  5. Lawrie (ed.), Early Scottish Charters, pp. 259–60, and no. 86

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