Thor Willy Ruud Hansen (born 21 December 1946 in Fredrikstad) is a Norwegian pediatrician and neonatologist. He is a Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Oslo and a former President of the Norwegian Society of Pediatricians (2009–2011). He is currently chairman of the clinical ethics committee at Oslo University Hospital.His research interests are neonatal medicine, including the neurotoxicology of neonatal jaundice, as well as clinical ethics.
Hansen earned his cand.med. (MD) at the University of Oslo in 1972 and his dr.med. (Med.Sc.D.) in 1988, and is a specialist in pediatrics. Following residencies at several Norwegian hospitals he worked in Quessua in Angola as the only doctor at small mission hospital 1977–1980. Since 1980 he has worked at Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet (The National Hospital) in Norway, interrupted by two stays in the United States, including as a neonatologist and associate professor at the UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh 1994–1997. In 1998 he became head of neonatology at The National Hospital in Norway and in 2003 he became a full professor of neonatology at the University of Oslo.
Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. In the United Kingdom, paediatrics covers many of their youth until the age of 18. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends people seek pediatric care through the age of 21, but some pediatric subspecialists continue to care for adults up to 25. Worldwide age limits of pediatrics have been trending upward year after year. A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician. The word pediatrics and its cognates mean "healer of children," derived from the two Greek words: παῖς and ἰατρός. Pediatricians work in clinics, research centers, universities, general hospitals and children's hospitals, including those who practice pediatric subspecialties.
Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practised in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.
A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit (ICU) specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants. Neonatal refers to the first 28 days of life. Neonatal care, as known as specialized nurseries or intensive care, has been around since the 1960s.
The Norwegian Society of Pediatricians is the Norwegian association of pediatricians.
Ola Didrik Saugstad is a Norwegian pediatrician, neonatologist and neuroscientist noted for his research on resuscitation of newborn children and his contribution to reduce child mortality. He is a Research Professor at Oslo University Hospital and Professor of Neonatology at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. He is Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics at the University of Oslo and was Director of the Department of Pediatric Research at Oslo University Hospital from 1991 to 2017.
Dr. Karthik Nagesh is a neonatologist in India. He has been practicing neonatal intensive care since 1992 at the Manipal Hospital in Bangalore. He is well known in India for his pioneering work in intensive care for sick neonates especially, Surfactant Therapy and ventilation for sick babies with respiratory distress. He is currently the Chairman of the Manipal Advanced Children's Center and Chairman and HOD of Neonatology and Neonatal ICUs at the Manipal Hospitals Group as well as an adjunct professor of paediatrics, KMC at Manipal University.
Rolf Lindemann was a Norwegian physician.
Stefan Kutzsche is a Norwegian paediatrician, anaesthesiologist, ethicist, and educationalist in the health professions.
John D. Lantos is an American pediatrician and a leading expert in medical ethics. He is Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine and Director of the Children's Mercy Bioethics Center at Children's Mercy Hospital.
Clement Andrew Smith was an American pediatrician and the editor-in-chief of the journal Pediatrics. Though he did not consider himself to be a neonatologist, much of his work concerned the care of the newborn infant. He was associated with Harvard Medical School for several decades and served a term as president of the American Pediatric Society.
Tom Arne Stiris is a Norwegian pediatrician. He is Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Oslo and has been President of the European Academy of Paediatrics since 2013. He was also President of the European Society for Pediatric Research 2004–2008, a board member of the International Pediatric Research Foundation 2008–2012 and Vice President of the European Academy of Paediatrics 2011–2013. Stiris has been a senior consultant pediatrician at the Department of Neonatal Intensive Care at Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål since 1994, became Medical Director in 2014 and Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Oslo in 2018. He qualified as a doctor in Dublin in 1979 and earned a research doctorate in medicine at the University of Oslo in 1992. He was a professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid from 1991. Stiris is a son of the physician Gabriel Philip Stiris and Gertrud Schwarzman, and is of Litvak descent.
Alf Endre Meberg is a Norwegian pediatrician, mainly known for his work on congenital heart defects. He was Secretary-General of the Nordic Pediatric Society from 1981 and Vice President of the Norwegian Society of Pediatricians 1988–1991. He is a former editor of the Journal of the Norwegian Perinatal Society and a former associate editor of Acta Paediatrica.
Gerhard Jorch is a German pediatrician. He is Professor for general pediatrics and neonatology at the Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg and director of the University children's hospital.
Anne Greenough is a British neonatologist and is most notable for research into clinical and academic neonatology through work relating to the origins, markers and management of chronic lung disease following preterm birth. Greenough is Professor of Neonatology and Clinical Respiratory Physiology at King's College London.
Hossein Fakhraee is an Iranian neonatologist and pediatrician practicing in Tehran since 1980. He was a faculty member of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences until August 2017 upon his retirement as the university distinguished professor. He has been named as one of the few neonatologists who assisted in establishing modern neonatal medicine in Iran.
Neil McIntosh is a British and Scottish paediatrician and neonatologist who was most notable for being the leading writer of a pivotal article that defined standards of ethical behaviour in paediatrics, including withdrawal of newborn intensive care. McIntosh is emeritus professor of Neonatology and Child Life and Health at the University of Edinburgh. During McIntosh's career he has researched mineral metabolism in preterm infants, computerised acquisition of physiological data in Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing, and recently an animal model of retinopathy of prematurity.
Angela Okolo is a Nigerian professor of pediatrics and child health, neonatologist in the department of Pediatrics, Federal Medical Center, Asaba and President of the Nigerian Society of Neonatal Medicine (NISONM).
Jen-Tien Wung is a Taiwanese-American pediatrician, author and professor of pediatrics at Columbia University's New York Presbyterian Hospital who developed Bubble CPAP for the treatment of premature babies.
Christian P. Speer is a German pediatrician and Professor of Pediatrics specialized in neonatology at the Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg. Speer is known for his scientific and educational contributions in neonatal medicine.
Akhil Maheshwari is a neonatologist. He has developed the Global Newborn Society, a worldwide organization that aims to promote international scientific and social efforts focused on newborn health.