Thora Hansson (December 2, 1848 – September 11, 1917) was a Norwegian actress and theatre director.
A theatre director or stage director is an instructor in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a theatre production by unifying various endeavours and aspects of production. The director's function is to ensure the quality and completeness of theatre production and to lead the members of the creative team into realizing their artistic vision for it. The director thereby collaborates with a team of creative individuals and other staff, coordinating research, stagecraft, costume design, props, lighting design, acting, set design, stage combat, and sound design for the production. If the production is a new piece of writing or a (new) translation of a play, the director may also work with the playwright or a translator. In contemporary theatre, after the playwright, the director is generally the principle visionary, making decisions on the artistic conception and interpretation of the play and its staging. Different directors occupy different places of authority and responsibility, depending on the structure and philosophy of individual theatre companies. Directors use a wide variety of techniques, philosophies, and levels of collaboration.
She made her stage début at Christiania Theater in 1871, and worked at this theatre until 1899. Thora Hanssom was the first actress to portray Solveig in Henrik Ibsens play Peer Gynt when it premiered in 1876. She was the first manager of the theatre Trondhjems nationale Scene, from 1911 to 1913. From 1914 until her death in Stavanger at age of 69 in 1917, she was director of the theatre in Stavanger.
Henrik Johan Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. As one of the founders of modernism in theatre, Ibsen is often referred to as "the father of realism" and one of the most influential playwrights of his time. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder, and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and by the early 20th century A Doll's House became the world's most performed play.
Peer Gynt is a five-act play in verse by the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen published in 1867. Written in Danish—the common written language of Denmark and Norway in Ibsen's lifetime—it is one of the most widely performed Norwegian plays. Ibsen believed Per Gynt, the Norwegian fairy tale on which the play is loosely based, to be rooted in fact, and several of the characters are modelled after Ibsen's own family, notably his parents Knud Ibsen and Marichen Altenburg. He was also generally inspired by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen's collection of Norwegian fairy tales, published in 1845.
Trondhjems nationale Scene was a theatre that opened in Trondhjem in 1911, and closed in 1927. The theatre's first artistical director was Thora Hansson, from 1911 to 1913. The opening performance was held on 15 September 1911, with Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson's play Sigurd Jorsalfar with Grieg's music, and Ibsen's play Fruen fra Havet was performed the next day. The theatre performed eighteen different plays the first season.
She was born in Christiania (now called Oslo). Her parents were Jørgen Friederich Neelsen (1808–1862), an architect, and Julie Hedvig Rustad (1821–1878). Thora was married to theatre director Olaf Mørch Hansson (1856–1912) between 1880 and 1896. They were parents to Thorolf Mørch Hansson (1881–1952), a diplomat, and Gunnar Neels-Hansson (1883–1967), who became a theatre director. Gunnar was the father to the actress Thora Neels-Hansson (1918–2007), more known as Nøste Schwab.
Oslo is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Founded in the year 1040 as Ánslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. The city functioned as a co-official capital during the 1814 to 1905 Union between Sweden and Norway. In 1877, the city's name was respelled Kristiania in accordance with an official spelling reform – a change that was taken over by the municipal authorities only in 1897. In 1925 the city, after incorporating the village retaining its former name, was renamed Oslo.
Olaf Mørch Hansson was a Norwegian actor and theatre director, journalist and newspaper editor. He was married to Thora Hansson.
Gunnar Neels-Hansson was a Norwegian theatre director. He was born in Kristiania to Thora Elisabeth Neelsen and Olaf Mørch Hansson. His daughter Thora Neels-Hansson was married to Per Schwab.
Events in the year 1905 in Norway.
Bjørn Bjørnson was a Norwegian stage actor and theatre director.
Johanne Dybwad was a Norwegian stage actress and stage producer. She was the leading actress in Norwegian theatre for half a century.
Radioteatret is a department of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation which produces audio plays for radio broadcasting. It was established in 1927.
Sevald Theodor Richard Andvord was a Norwegian businessperson, known for founding the company Rich. Andvord.
Gerda Ring was a Norwegian- born stage actress and stage producer. She was the daughter of writer Barbra Ring, and married actor and theatre director Halfdan Christensen in 1922. They were parents of the actors Bab Christensen and Pelle Christensen.
Thora Elisabeth Neels-Hansson was a Norwegian actress, born in Stavanger, Norway, on 29 November 1918. She was most famous for her role as Antoinette (Nette) Bals in the Norwegian classic movie Tante Pose from 1940. She was a daughter of Gunnar Neels-Hansson, and married Per Schwab in 1944; they had two children, one of whom is production designer Tine Schwab. Thora Neels-Hansson died on December 15, 2007, in Oslo, Norway.
Sofie Reimers was a Norwegian stage actress. She was born in Bergen. She made her stage debut at Den Nationale Scene in 1879, performed at Christiania Theatre from 1881, and at Nationaltheatret from 1899 until her death in 1932, being this theatre's "Grand Old Lady". She published her memoir Teaterminder fra Kristiania Teater in 1919.
Maren Cathrine Sars was a Norwegian socialite.
Charlotte Wankel was a Norwegian painter regarded as one of the first Norwegian cubist and painters of abstract art.
Per Schwab was a Swedish born, Norwegian painter, scenographer and theatre director.
Ludovica Magdalena Marie Levy was a Danish actress, theatre director and theatre critic. She toured with theatres in Denmark and Norway, and worked as instructor for Den Nationale Scene in Bergen. She chaired the theatre Sekondteatret in Kristiania from 1899 to 1901, together with her husband Dore Lavik. She founded the touring theatre Nationalturneen in 1907, and toured in Norway with this theatre until 1912.
Ragna Wettergreen was a Norwegian actress.
Johan Georg Ræder was a Norwegian military officer, railway pioneer and politician. He was a driving force in the construction of Norways first railway line, the Hoved Line from Christiania to Eidsvoll, which opened in 1854.
Knut Mørch Hansson was a Norwegian actor. He was born in Alexandria, a son of judge Michael Hansson and Emilie Christensen. He made his stage debut at Det Nye Teater in 1940. During the German occupation of Norway Hansson joined the Norwegian resistance movement. He was arrested and incarcerated in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany until 1945. In 1945 he continued his acting career with Studioteatret. He was later appointed at various theatres, including Det Nye Teater, Den Nationale Scene, Trøndelag Teater and Oslo Nye Teater, and with guest appearances at Riksteatret and Fjernsynsteatret. Among his film appearances are Englandsfarere from 1946 and I slik en natt from 1958. He chaired the Norwegian Actors' Equity Association from 1970 to 1974. He penned the memoirs of Herman Kahan, Ilden og lyset, in 1988, and his own memoirs in Kurer og fange from 1992.
Michael Hansson was a Norwegian judge.
Tone Thiis Schjetne was a Norwegian sculptor. She is represented in the National Gallery of Norway and other galleries, contributed several works to the Nidaros Cathedral, and made decorations to Vadsø Church. Among her best known public works is the bronze sculpture Go'dagen in Oslo, Trondheim and Stavanger.
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