Thora Silverthorne

Last updated

Thora Silverthorne (25 November 1910 – 17 January 1999) was a nurse. She was born in Abertillery, daughter of George Richard Silverthorne of Bargoed. [1] She was a founder member of the British Communist Party.

Abertillery Town in Wales

Abertillery is the largest town and a community of the Ebbw Fach valley in the historic county of Monmouthshire, Wales. Following local government reorganisation it became part of the Blaenau Gwent County Borough administrative area.

Bargoed town in the Rhymney Valley, in the county borough of Caerphilly, Wales

Bargoed is a town and community in the Rhymney Valley, Wales, one of the South Wales Valleys. It lies on the Rhymney River in the county borough of Caerphilly and straddles the ancient boundary of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, with Bargoed originally lying within the old county of Glamorganshire whereas Aberbargoed was in the old county of Monmouthshire. 'Greater Bargoed', as defined by the local authority Caerphilly County Borough Council, consists of the towns of Bargoed, Aberbargoed and the village of Gilfach. The combined population of these settlements is approximately 13,000.

She joined the Young Communist League in 1926 and remained a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. She was a friend of Arthur Horner.

The Young Communist League (YCL) is the name used by the youth wing of various Communist parties around the world. The name YCL of XXX originates from the precedent established by the Communist Youth International.

Communist Party of Great Britain communist party in Great Britain dissolved in 1991

The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy. It existed from 1920 to 1991.

Arthur Horner (trade unionist) British politician

Arthur Lewis Horner was a Welsh trade union leader and communist politician. During his periods of office as President of the South Wales Miners Federation (SWMF) from 1936, and as General Secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) from 1946, he became one of the most prominent and influential communists in British public life.

She trained as a nurse at the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford. She worked as a volunteer nurse for hunger marchers who passed through Oxford. She was a Sister at Hammersmith hospital in 1935 and worked closely with Dr Charles Wortham Brook. She travelled to Spain with the Spanish Medical Aid Committee in August 1936 where she worked with Archie Cochrane. She was "elected" matron at Granen Hospital She returned in September 1937. [2] She became a sub-editor for Nursing Illustrated.

Radcliffe Infirmary Hospital in England

The Radcliffe Infirmary was a hospital in central north Oxford, England, located at the southern end of Woodstock Road on the western side, backing onto Walton Street.

Dr Charles Wortham Brook CBE (1901–1983) was a London GP and an elected member of the London County Council.

Archibald Leman Cochrane CBE was a Scottish doctor noted for his book Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services. This book advocated the use of randomized control trials to make medicine more effective and efficient. His advocacy of randomized controlled trials eventually led to the development of the Cochrane Library database of systematic reviews, the establishment of the UK Cochrane Centre in Oxford and the international Cochrane Collaboration. He is known as one of the fathers of modern clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine and is considered to be the originator of the idea of evidence-based medicine in the current era.

She worked for Somerville Hastings as a nanny. In 1937, she founded the Association of Nurses, the first trade union that represented ordinary rank and file nurses, in her flat in London's Great Ormond Street. Improving the pay, conditions and professional standing of nurses was her "life work". [3] and went on to help to found the National Nurses Association in 1937. She was attacked by the Royal College of Nursing for “not being a registered nurse” or “paid by Moscow”. [4] The Association later joined the National Union of Public Employees.

Somerville Hastings, FRCS was a British surgeon and Labour Party politician.

The National Nurses Association was a trades union for British nurses founded by Thora Silverthorne and Nancy Zinkin in 1937.

Royal College of Nursing grade II listed health association in London, United kingdom

The Royal College of Nursing (RCN) is a membership organisation and trade union with over 432,000 members in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1916, receiving its royal charter in 1928. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is the patron. The majority of members are registered nurses; however student nurses and healthcare assistants are also members.

She became Organising secretary of the Socialist Medical Association in July 1942, their first employee. [5] She led a delegation that met Clement Attlee to discuss the establishment of the National Health Service.

Clement Attlee former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.

She was a full time official of the Civil Service Clerical Association until she retired in 1970 when she moved to Llanfyllin, Powys. Clive Jenkins and Frank Cousins were regular visitors there.

David Clive Jenkins was a British trade union leader. "Organising the middle classes", his stated recreation in Who's Who, sums up both his sense of humour and his achievements in the British trade union movement.

Frank Cousins PC was a British trade union leader and Labour politician.

Personal life

She married Dr Kenneth Sinclair Loutit in 1937. They lived at 12 Great Ormond Street. When they divorced she moved to High Wycombe. She married Nares Craig, an engineer from Clitheroe, Lancashire in 1946. She had one son and two daughters. [6]

Related Research Articles

Matilda Evans African-American physican in South Carolina

Matilda Evans, M.D., was the first African-American woman licensed to practice medicine in South Carolina and an advocate for improved health care for African Americans, particularly children.

Lillian Wald American nurse and activist

Lillian D. Wald was an American nurse, humanitarian and author. She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing. She founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York City and was an early advocate to have nurses in public schools.

International Nurses Day observance to mark the contributions nurses make to society

International Nurses Day (IND) is an international day observed around the world on 12 May of each year, to mark the contributions that nurses make to society.

The Socialist Medical Association was founded in 1930 to campaign from within the Labour Party for a National Health Service in the United Kingdom.

Nursing in Canada

Nurses in Canada practise nursing in a wide variety of specialties, with a wide variety of training and experience.

BMI Healthcare

BMI Healthcare is an independent provider of private healthcare, offering treatment to private patients, medically insured patients, and NHS patients. It is a subsidiary of General Healthcare Group (GHG), forming the majority of the operations (OpCo) side of GHG, which owns and operates the hospital business. As of 2016 it has 59 hospitals and healthcare facilities across the UK, with headquarters in London.

Grace Wilson nurse

Grace Margaret Wilson was a high-ranked nurse in the Australian Army during World War I and the first years of World War II. Wilson was born in Brisbane, and completed her initial training as a nurse in 1908. After the outbreak of World War I she joined the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) and subsequently transferred to the First Australian Imperial Force. From 1915 until 1919 she was the principal matron of the 3rd Australian General Hospital. She served as the temporary matron-in-chief in the AIF Headquarters, London from late 1917 until early 1918. Wilson returned to Australia in 1920 and left the AIF to work in civilian hospitals. She was appointed the matron-in-chief of the AANS in 1925, and in September 1940 joined the Second Australian Imperial Force. She served in the Middle East until August 1941, when she returned to Australia due to ill health. She left the Army the next month, but from September 1943 worked in the Department of Manpower Directorate (Victoria)'s nursing control section.

Mary Lambie New Zealand nurse and director of nursing

Mary Isabel Lambie was a New Zealand nurse and nursing educator. After World War II she became an international advocate for nursing and nursing education, eventually working with the World Health Organisation.

Lini M. De Vries, born Lena Moerkerk in Prospect Park, New Jersey, was a Dutch–American author, public health nurse, and teacher. She worked as chief of American Hospital Number 3 on the Madrid-Valencia Road during the Spanish Civil War and later organized health clinics in New Mexico, California, and Puerto Rico. She moved to Mexico in 1949 after her membership in the Communist Party was exposed. In Mexico, De Vries taught medicine and public health to indigenous villagers in the Papaloapan River Basin in Oaxaca; taught anthropology and public health at the University of Veracruz; was a founder of CIDOC, a religious, educational and cultural school; and helped found Cemanahuac, an educational community in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

History of nursing in the United States

The History of nursing in the United States focuses on the professionalization of nursing since the Civil War.

Barbara Thoman Curtis, RN was an American nurse and activist. She received several awards for her work in nursing and healthcare, including induction into the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame in 2014.

Dorothy Alice Cornelius was a Registered Nurse from Ohio who served in executive and in leadership positions in nursing. Cornelius was the only person to be president of the American Nurses Association, the International Council of Nurses, and the American Journal of Nursing Company.

Rosalie Dreyer was a Swiss-born naturalized British nurse and administrator. Immigrating to England at the age of eighteen, she trained as a nurse in London and worked her way through the ranks to become matron, principal matron and chief matron-in-charge of the Nursing Service of the London County Council. At this time, nursing was making a shift from a voluntary service to a profession and Dreyer was involved as a pioneer in the development of Britain's public-funded nursing service.

Dorothy Bannon, CBE was a pioneering British nurse who as Chief Matron-in-Charge of the Hospital and School Medical Service of the London County Council was instrumental in shifting nursing from a voluntary service to a profession. She was instrumental in the development of Britain's public-funded nursing service.

Alma Elizabeth Gault was an American nurse administrator. Gault successfully advocated for African American nurses and their educational institutions to be integrated into professional nursing associations. Under her leadership, Meharry Medical College School of Nursing, in Nashville, Tennessee, was the first segregated black nursing school to attain membership in the American Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing. For her achievement's Gault was inducted into the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame in 1984.

Mary Eliza Merritt was an American nurse who was the first African American to be licensed as nurse in Kentucky. Merritt was awarded the Mary Mahoney Medal for distinguished service in nursing from the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in 1949.

Berenice Dolly Trinidadian nurse

Berenice Dolly, OBE was a Trinidadian nurse. She was instrumental in the development of health care on the island and a co-founder and president of the Trinidad and Tobago Nursing Association. She was honored as an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1962 and awarded the Gold Public Service Medal of Merit of the Order of the Trinity in 1976.

Alice Fitzgerald American nurse

Alice Louise Florence Fitzgerald was an American nurse who served in Europe during and after World War I. She earned a Florence Nightingale Medal from the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1927, for her achievements.

References

  1. "Thora Silverthorne". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. "A pledge to remember Oxford's Spanish Civil War volunteers". Oxford Mail. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  3. "Nurse on the battleground | News | The Guardian". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2016-09-09.
  4. Stevenson, Graham. "Compendium of Communist Biography" . Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  5. Murray, David Stark (1937). Why a National Health Service . Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  6. "Obituary: Thora Craig". Independent. 11 February 1999. Retrieved 1 April 2017.