Thoralby

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Thoralby
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Thoralby
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Thoralby
Location within North Yorkshire
Population145 
OS grid reference SE001867
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEYBURN
Postcode district DL8
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°16′36″N1°59′59″W / 54.27678°N 1.9997585°W / 54.27678; -1.9997585 Coordinates: 54°16′36″N1°59′59″W / 54.27678°N 1.9997585°W / 54.27678; -1.9997585

Thoralby is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies south of Aysgarth, is within a mile of both Newbiggin and West Burton and is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is 23.5 miles (37.8 km) south west of the County Town of Northallerton.

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

Richmondshire District in England

Richmondshire is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. It covers a large northern area of the Yorkshire Dales including Swaledale and Arkengarthdale, Wensleydale and Coverdale, with the prominent Scots' Dyke and Scotch Corner along the centre. Teesdale lies to the north. With a total area of 1,319 km², it is larger than seven of the English ceremonial counties.

North Yorkshire County of England

North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county and the largest ceremonial county in England by area. It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber but partly in the region of North East England. The estimated population of North Yorkshire was 602,300 in mid-2016.

Contents

History

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Turoldesbi. After the Norman invasion the lands were awarded to Count Alan of Brittany, who granted the local manor to Bernwulf, who had held the manor before this. [1] The manor was eventually acquired by the lords of Middleham whose descent it then followed until the Middleham manor holdings were sold piecemeal by commissioners of the Crown in the mid 17th century. The manor of Thoralby was purchased by the Norton family. By the middle of the 18th century it had passed to the Purchas family. [2] [3]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Middleham town in Richmondshire, United Kindom

Middleham is a small English market town and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire. It lies in Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales, on the southern side of the valley upstream from the junction of the River Ure and River Cover. There has been a settlement since Roman times, recorded in the Domesday Book as "Medelai", i.e. "middle ham or village".

On Thoralby Common the remains of lead-mines and quarries are still visible, indicating the industrial past of the area. There has also been a mill here since at least 1298. [2] There used to be both Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist chapels in the village. The Wesleyan Chapel was originally built in 1823 and subsequently rebuilt in 1890. The Primitive Methodist Chapel was erected in 1849. Both are now private properties. [3]

Thoralby was described in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales in 1870–72 as:

The topynomy of the village name is derived from combining the Old Norse words of Thoraldr, a person's name, and bi for farm, to give the meaning Thoraldr's farm. [5] [6]

Old Norse North Germanic language

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th centuries.

Governance

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Upper Dales electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Penhill ward of Richmondshire District Council. [7]

Richmond (Yorks) (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1868 onwards

Richmond (Yorks) is a constituency in North Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since May 2015 by Rishi Sunak, a Conservative.

The civil parish shares a grouped parish council, the Aysgarth & District Parish Council, with Aysgarth, Bishopdale, Newbiggin and Thornton Rust. [8]

Geography

The village is located between Littleburn Beck to the south west and Heaning Gill to the north east on the north bank of Bishopdale Beck. The B6160 road runs parallel to the village on the south bank of the beck. It lies south of Aysgarth, is within a mile of both Newbiggin and West Burton

Community and culture

North Yorkshire Council provide 3 bus routes through the village Monday-Saturday. [9] The village hall provides a space for residents to hold functions, sporting events, charity based projects and is the venue to the parish council meetings. It became a registered charity on 22 April 1993, to provide services to the public and charitable events. [10] An annual fete takes place on the first Sunday of August, and includes egg throwing, fell running and various other entertainments. The fete raises funds for the village hall. There is a public house in the village and a general store incorporating the post office. There are 26 Grade II listed buildings in the village, which include the old chapel, post office and public house. [11]

Demography

A line graph of the total population of Thoralby using census data A line graph showing the of population for Thoralby.jpg
A line graph of the total population of Thoralby using census data

Overall, the population of Thoralby has fluctuated throughout time and this can be seen through the census results. In 1961, Thoralby hit its population peak, with a total residency of 322, which was a significant increase from the 1951 census data, showing just 123 residents; the smallest number on record. [12]

2001 census

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 44.7% male to 55.3% female. The religious constituency was made of 84.4% Christian, 1.9% Jewish and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 100% White British. There were 95 dwellings. [13]

2011 census

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 50% male to 50% female. The religious constituency was made of 69.6% Christian and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 99.31% White British and 0.69% White Other . There were 101 dwellings. [14]

Thoralby was featured in the British television series All Creatures Great and Small , in the episode "If Music Be the Food of Love". [15]

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Newbiggin, North Yorkshire village in United Kingdom

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West Burton, North Yorkshire village in United Kingdom

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References

  1. Thoralby in the Domesday Book . Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  2. 1 2 "History" . Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  3. 1 2 Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 345. ISBN   1-86150-299-0.
  4. Wilson, John (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1st ed.). Edinburgh: A.Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  5. Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 608. ISBN   978-0521168557.
  6. A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 457. ISBN   978-0192800749.
  7. "Divisions, Wards, Polling Districts and Polling Stations". Richmondshire District Council. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  8. "Parish and Town Councils". Richmondshire District Council. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  9. "Bus Routes serving Thoralby". North Yorkshire Council. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  10. "Thoralby and District village Hall". Open Charities. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  11. "Village listed buildings" . Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  12. "Thoralby CP/Tn through time". Population Statistics. A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  13. "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  14. "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  15. "Old Chapel, Thoralby, N Yorkshire, UK – All Creatures Great & Small, If Music be the Food of Love (1990)" – Waymarking.com

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