Thorald's House

Last updated
Thorald's House
Thoralds Hus
Thoralds Hus.jpg
General information
Location Aarhus, Denmark
Completedc. 1750
Technical details
Floor count1

Thorald's House (Danish:Thoralds Hus) is a house and a listed building in Aarhus, Denmark. The house was built in approximately 1750 and was listed on the Danish registry of protected buildings and places by the Danish Heritage Agency on 21 March 2012. [1] The house is situated in the Tilst suburb 8 km west of the city center, adjacent to the Tilst Church.

Danish language North Germanic language spoken in Denmark

Danish is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status. Also, minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Sweden, Spain, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish as their first language.

Listed buildings in Aarhus Municipality Wikimedia list article

This is a list of listed buildings in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark.

Aarhus City in Central Denmark Region, Denmark

Aarhus is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality. It is located on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula, in the geographical centre of Denmark, 187 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Copenhagen and 289 kilometres (180 mi) north of Hamburg, Germany. The inner urban area contains 273,077 inhabitants and the municipal population is 340,421. Aarhus is the central city in Business Region Aarhus and in the East Jutland metropolitan area, which had a total population of 1.378 million in 2016.

Contents

History

The house was built some time in the mid-1700s as a smallholding under Lyngbygård. The house had a piece of land by Geding Lake attached during the land redistribution of the late 18th century land reforms.The house is described in an 1834 copyhold document as 9 joists long with a threshing floor and a flail in the 3 northernsmost joists, stable in the two southernmost and home in the middle. The census of 1840 counted 9 residents in the 62 m2 residential area. During this time the building was likely expanded 1 meter in width to the east and was possibly made a freehold. The status is not known for certain but in 1860 Peter Jensen is counted as "house father" in the census while he was counted as copyholder as in 1840. [1] [2]

A smallholding is a small farm. In developing countries, smallholdings are usually farms supporting a single family with a mixture of cash crops and subsistence farming. As a country becomes more affluent, smallholdings may not be self-sufficient but are valued primarily for the rural lifestyle that they provide for the owners, who often do not earn their livelihood from the farm. There are an estimated 500 million smallholder farms in the world, supporting almost 2 billion people. Today some companies try to include smallholdings into their value chain, providing seed, feed or fertilizer to improve production. Some say that this model shows benefits for both parties.

Lyngbygård

Lyngbygård is a manor house and a listed building in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. The estate is 225 hectares of land situated by Lyngbygård River, 4 km. west of Tilst in Aarhus. The manor building was listed by the Danish Heritage Agency on 9 July 1918.

Geding Lake

Geding Lake is a lake west of the Aarhus suburb of Tilst in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. The stream Egå and the Egå river valley begins here. The lake is bounded by the Aarhus-Randers Rail Line to the west.

In 1870 another census Niels Rasmussen is named farm manager but in 1880 he is listed as "day laborer in agriculture" and in 1890 simply workman. At some point during the late 1800s the barn to the north was demolished and the stable to the south was made a part of the residential unit. Between 1918 and 1953 the house was occupied by Thorald Nielsen from who the house gets its name. [1]

In 1980 Tilst parish council bought the house in order to eventually expand the Tilst Church cemetery. Later there were plans to remodel it as a home for the gravedigger but the council thought the price would be too high and instead applied to demolish the building. The building had been noted as architecturally interesting and worthy of preservation on several occasions but the Aarhus Municipality city council nonetheless granted permission. [1] The parish in the end did not have the funds to remove the building and as a result of widespread protests it was instead given to the "Tilst-Kasted-Geding Local History Organisation" in 1998 which established a foundation to renovate and preserve the building which was initiated in the 2000s and completed in 2010. On 21 March 2012 the building was listed and today it is used as a private residence. [3]

Gravedigger cemetery worker responsible for digging a grave

A gravedigger is a cemetery worker who is responsible for digging a grave prior to a funeral service.

Aarhus Municipality municipality in the Central Denmark Region

Aarhus Municipality, until 2011 formerly known as Århus Municipality, is a municipality in Central Denmark Region, on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark.

Architecture

The basis for the listing was that the house is a rare example of the typical and formerly ubiquitous smallholder farms of the 1600s–1800s. The visual relationship to Tilst Kirke and the unchanged appearance of the building was also considered important. The house is a half-timbered wattle and daub structure. It is whitewashed with visible black tarred wooden beams, a thatched roof with pointed wooden gables and one brick chimney. [1] [2]

Wattle and daub building technique using woven wooden supports packed with clay or mud

Wattle and daub is a composite building method used for making walls and buildings, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw. Wattle and daub has been used for at least 6,000 years and is still an important construction method in many parts of the world. Many historic buildings include wattle and daub construction, and the technique is becoming popular again in more developed areas as a low-impact sustainable building technique.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Thoralds Hus" (in Danish). Danish Heritage Agency. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Thoralds Hus" (in Danish). Tilst Kasted Local Historical Archives. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. "En fredet perle i Tilst" (in Danish). Aarhus Onsdag. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.

Coordinates: 56°11′36″N10°06′41″E / 56.1934°N 10.1113°E / 56.1934; 10.1113

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.