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Thoranam decoration in a Hindu Temple Thoranam decoration.jpg
Thoranam decoration in a Hindu Temple

Thoranam (Tamil : தோரணம் IAST Tōraṇam) are hanging decorations in Tamil Nadu. [1] Rooted in Tamil culture [2] it got a history way back to the Sangam period. The main purpose it was used on those days, since no printed invitations, to differentiate whether it is a happy occasion or mourning for the people who visit that place. It is made up of tender coconut leaf blades and has two types.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas. Tamil is an official language in three countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. Furthermore, Tamil is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Tamil Nadu State in Southern India

Tamil Nadu, is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.

Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people. Tamil culture is rooted in the arts and ways of life of Tamils in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and across the globe. Tamil culture is expressed in language, literature, music, dance, theatre, folk arts, martial arts, painting, sculpture, architecture, sports, media, comedy, cuisine, costumes, celebrations, philosophy, religions, traditions, rituals, organizations, science, and technology.

Thoranam in a song sung by 8th century Andal pasuram, Nachiar Tirumozhi of Divya Prabandha [3] [4] in Tamil literature

Andal Tamil poet-saint

Andal or Godadevi is the only female Alvar among the 12 Alvar saints of South India. The Alvar saints are known for their affiliation to the Srivaishnava tradition of Hinduism. Active in the 8th-century, with some suggesting 7th-century, Andal is credited with the great Tamil works, Thiruppavai and Nachiar Tirumozhi, which are still recited by devotees during the winter festival season of Margazhi.

வாரணம் ஆயிரம் சூழ வலம் செய்து
நாரண நம்பி நடக்கின்றான் என்றெதிர்
பூரண பொற்குடம் வைத்துப் புறமெங்கும்
தோரணம் நாட்டக் கனாக்கண்டேன் தோழீ நான்

Meaning : I had a dream O friend! The town was decked with festoons and golden urns. Surrounded by a thousand caparisoned elephants our Kannan came towards me ( to marry )

She explains her dream about the marriage to Krishna to her friend and the decorations made in the wedding hall.

Krishna Major deity in Hinduism

Krishna is a major deity in Hinduism. He is worshipped as the eighth avatar of the god Vishnu and also as the supreme God in his own right. He is the god of compassion, tenderness, and love in Hinduism, and is one of the most popular and widely revered among Indian divinities. Krishna's birthday is celebrated every year by Hindus on Krishna Janmashtami according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar, which falls in late August or early September of the Gregorian calendar. Krishna is usually depicted with a flute in his hand.


Mangala Thoranam (Auspicious) Thoranam.jpg
Mangala Thoranam (Auspicious)
Amangala Thoranam (Inauspicious) Thoranam3.jpg
Amangala Thoranam (Inauspicious)

Another thoranam is Maavilai Thoranam made up of mango tree leaves which will be tied up on the main door of a temple or house for auspicious. Mango leaves are good disinfectant and purifies the air which helps when there is a gathering of people for festivals are good occasions. [6]

Veppilai thoranam is made up of Neem leaves where veepam (neem) + ilai(leaf) = veppilai. Neem is a very good disinfectant for various diseases like small pox and mysterious fever especially during the summer season. In Tamil nadu the Amman(Paarvathi) festivals [7] [8] were celebrated during summer and neem leaves are very prominently hung in temples, houses and streets. [9]

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Tamil cuisine

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Puthandu First day of the Tamil calendar

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Madhumitha is a Tamil film director.

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