Thore Swanerud (18 June 1919 – 8 December 1988) was a Swedish jazz pianist, vibraphonist, arranger, conductor, and composer. He was born in Stockholm and died in the same city.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States. It originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms".
The vibraphone is a musical instrument in the struck idiophone subfamily of the percussion family. It consists of tuned metal bars, and is usually played by holding two or four soft mallets and striking the bars. People who play the vibraphone are called vibraphonists or vibraharpists.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 965,232 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County.
Swanerud played extensively with major Swedish dance bands in the 1940s, such as the groups of Simon Brehm, Miff Görling, and Stan Hasselgård. He led his own six-piece ensemble in 1949-1951 and led smaller groups in the 1950s and 1960s. His associations include work with Ernestine Anderson and James Moody. In addition to recording as a jazz leader, he also did arrangement work and led studio orchestras for Swedish recordings.
Simon Brehm was a Swedish double-bass player and, later in life, a record producer and owner of Karusell Records. He was the manager of the singer Lill-Babs and was the leader of the orchestra that played in the TV show Hylands hörna from 1962.
Uno "Miff" Görling was a Swedish jazz bandleader, trombonist, arranger, and composer. His brother was Zilas Görling.
Sten Åke Henry "Stan" Hasselgård was a Swedish jazz clarinetist. Hasselgård was heavily influenced by Benny Goodman, and he played swing jazz in his early years before exploring bebop shortly before his death.
The following is an overview of 1956 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths.
The year 1957 in film involved some significant events. The Bridge on the River Kwai topped the year's box office in North America, France, and Germany, and won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Summer Place Wanted is a 1957 Swedish comedy film directed by Hasse Ekman. It was entered into the 1st Moscow International Film Festival, where Ekman was nominated for a Grand Prix.
Oscar Pettiford was an American jazz double bassist, cellist and composer. He was one of the earliest musicians to work in the bebop idiom.
Bengt Hallberg was a Swedish jazz pianist, composer and arranger.
Lars Gunnar Victor Gullin was a Swedish jazz saxophonist.
Billy Bauer was an American jazz guitarist.
Jan Fridegård, born Johan Fridolf "Fride" Johansson, was a Swedish writer of the proletarian school. Fridegård wrote a trilogy of novels about the Viking Era in Sweden : Trägudars land, Gryningsfolket and Offerrök.
Rolf Billberg was a Swedish alto saxophone player active during the 1950s and 1960s.
Jack Noren was a jazz drummer and vocalist born in America but best known for his work in Sweden.
Harry Arnold Persson was a Swedish jazz saxophonist and bandleader. Arnold led his first big band in 1942, playing the saxophone initially but eventually ceasing to perform to concentrate on arranging. From 1949-52 he played and arranged for Thore Ehrling's band and worked extensively as a studio musician, particularly writing film scores through much of the 1950s. From 1956 to 1965 Arnold led the Swedish Radio Big Band, which included Arne Domnérus, Bengt Hallberg, and Åke Persson. American trumpeter Benny Bailey played with the band for a time, and Quincy Jones arranged and briefly led the group; they recorded with Ernestine Anderson, Lucky Thompson, Coleman Hawkins, Toots Thielemans, Tony Scott, and Stan Getz. The group disbanded in 1965, after which Arnold continued work as an arranger and led big bands in Europe. He died in 1971 at the age of 51.
Inger Berggren was a Swedish singer. Her biggest hits were "Sol och vår" and "Elisabeth serenad", both in 1962.
Rowland Charles Wentworth Greenberg was a Norwegian jazz musician (trumpet), seen by many as one of the foremost names in Norwegian jazz in the 1940s and 1950s.
Bjarne Arnulf Nerem, was a Norwegian jazz musician, known from several recordings, and was among the absolute foremost soloists in Norwegian jazz. He was a very talented musician in the tradition of Lester Young, Stan Getz and jazz in the 1950s. Nerem achieved international recognition for his performances.
Uffe Baadh was a Danish jazz musician who emigrated to the United States in 1947 to play drums in the big bands of Harry James, Tommy Dorsey, and Claude Thornhill, recording with Elvis Presley, Henry Mancini, and others. He was the youngest of four siblings: Grethe [Baadh] Freese, Hans Baadh, Marie Baadh. He married Shirley Goldberg on October 1, 1951, in Virginia, USA: two daughters, Valerie and Lise Baadh, born in California in 1952 and 1957.
Thore Ehrling was a Swedish trumpeter, composer, and bandleader, who led jazz and popular music ensembles.
Gösta Theselius was a Swedish arranger, composer, film scorer, pianist, and saxophonist. His brother was musician Hans Theselius.
Ove Lind was a Swedish jazz clarinetist.
Karl Zilas Görling was a Swedish jazz saxophonist. His brother was Miff Görling.
Thore Jederby was a Swedish jazz double-bassist, record producer, and radio broadcaster.
Arne Gunnar Valter Hülphers was a Swedish jazz pianist and bandleader.
Håkan Ingvar von Eichwald was a Finnish-Swedish bandleader and conductor. He led dance bands which featured some of Sweden's most prominent early jazz musicians, and later became a conductor of symphonic and operatic works.
Reinhold Svensson was a Swedish jazz pianist, Hammond organist and composer.
Barry Dean Kernfeld, is a musicologist and jazz saxophonist who has researched and published extensively about the history of jazz and the biographies of its musicians.