Thoresby Hall

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Thoresby Hall
Thoresby Hall - geograph.org.uk - 114513.jpg
The hall in 2006
Nottinghamshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shown in Nottinghamshire
General information
Town or city Budby, Nottinghamshire
Coordinates 53°13′59″N1°02′39″W / 53.233101°N 1.044147°W / 53.233101; -1.044147
Current tenants Warner Leisure Hotels
The Queen's Royal Lancers and Nottinghamshire Yeomanry Museum (Part of Courtyard)
Construction started1864
Completed1871
Client Sydney Pierrepont, 3rd Earl Manvers
Owner Warner Leisure Hotels
LandlordWarner Leisure Hotels
Design and construction
Architect Anthony Salvin
Designations Grade I listed building

Thoresby Hall is a grade I listed 19th-century country house in Budby, Nottinghamshire, some 2 miles (4 km) north of Ollerton. It is one of four neighbouring country houses and estates in the Dukeries in north Nottinghamshire all occupied by dukes at one time during their history. The hall is constructed of rock-faced ashlar with ashlar dressings. It is built in four storeys with a square floor plan surrounding a central courtyard, nine bays wide and eight bays deep. [1]

English country house larger mansion estate in England, UK

An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a town house. This allowed them to spend time in the country and in the city—hence, for these people, the term distinguished between town and country. However, the term also encompasses houses that were, and often still are, the full-time residence for the landed gentry that ruled rural Britain until the Reform Act 1832. Frequently, the formal business of the counties was transacted in these country houses.

Budby village in United Kingdom

Budby is a small hamlet in the civil parish of Perlethorpe-cum-Budby, Nottinghamshire. Budby is about 2 miles (3 km) north of Edwinstowe. Nearby is Thoresby Hall, the former home of the Earl Manvers.

The Dukeries

The Dukeries is an area of the county of Nottinghamshire so called because it contained four ducal seats. It is south of Worksop, which has been called its "gateway". The ducal seats were:

Contents

History

Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull acquired the Thoresby lands in 1633, but was killed in the Civil War in 1643. [2] His son Henry Pierrepont, the 2nd Earl, built the first grand house, attributed to the architect Talman, about 1670. [2] The house was remodelled for William Pierrepont, the 4th Earl, during 1685–87, probably by Benjamin Jackson, after the earl had been granted the right in 1683 to create the park by enclosure from Sherwood Forest. [1] The house was the birthplace of Lady Mary Pierrepont, wife of Edward Wortley Montagu, in 1689. [3]

Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull English politician

Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull was an English nobleman who joined the Royalist side in the English Civil War after some delay and became lieutenant-general of the counties of Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, Cambridge and Norfolk. He was killed in a friendly fire incident after being captured by Parliamentary forces.

English Civil War Civil war in England (1642–1651)

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

William Pierrepont, 4th Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull English Earl

William Pierrepont, 4th Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

The estate passed to Evelyn Pierrepont, 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull (1711–1773), who fought at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 and during whose ownership the house was destroyed by fire that same year. Twenty years later the architect John Carr during 1767–1772 built a new house on the same site. [1] Humphry Repton landscaped the park at the same time. [2]

Evelyn Pierrepont, 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull English nobleman and landowner

General Evelyn Pierrepont, 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, KG was an English nobleman and landowner, a member of the House of Lords. He was the only son of William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston (1692–1713) and his wife, Rachel Bayntun (1695–1722).

Battle of Culloden Final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745

The Battle of Culloden was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart were decisively defeated by Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands.

John Carr (architect) British architect

John Carr (1723–1807) was a prolific English architect. Best known for Buxton Crescent and Harewood House, much of his work was in the Palladian style. In his day he was considered to be the leading architect in the north of England.

When the 2nd Duke died in 1773 he left the estate to his wife, Elizabeth Chudleigh, the former wife of the Earl of Bristol. After a very public court case, she was declared married bigamously to the duke and obliged to surrender the property on her death in 1786 to the duke's nephew, Charles Medows, a Royal Navy officer. He adopted the name Pierrepont and later became the 1st Earl Manvers. [3]

Elizabeth Pierrepont, Duchess of Kingston-upon-Hull English courtier

Elizabeth Chudleigh, Duchess of Kingston, sometimes called Countess of Bristol, was an English noble and courtier, known by her contemporaries for her adventurous life style. She was the daughter of Colonel Thomas Chudleigh, and was appointed maid of honour to Augusta, Princess of Wales, in 1743, probably through the good offices of her friend, William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath. She was found guilty of bigamy at a trial by her peers at Westminster Hall that attracted 4,000 spectators.

Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol British admiral and politician (1724-79)

Admiral Augustus John Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, PC was a Royal Navy officer and politician. He commanded the sixth-rate HMS Phoenix at the Battle of Minorca in May 1756 as well as the third-rate HMS Dragon at the Capture of Belle Île in June 1761, the Invasion of Martinique in January 1762 and the Battle of Havana in June 1762 during the Seven Years' War. He went on to be Chief Secretary for Ireland and then First Naval Lord. He was known as the English Casanova, due to his colourful personal life.

Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers British noble and naval officer

Charles (Medows) Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers was a British naval officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1778 to 1796 when he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Newark.

The hall in 2007 Thoresby Hall.jpg
The hall in 2007

In 1868, Sydney Pierrepont, the 3rd Earl Manvers, commissioned the celebrated country house architect Anthony Salvin to demolish the house after just a hundred years and replace it with the present house, erected 500 metres (550 yd) to the north. Completed in 1871, it measures 55 metres (180 ft) on its east and south fronts and 48 metres (157 ft) on its west front. The impressive Great Hall, with minstrels' gallery at the west end, is 19 metres (62 ft) long and 14 metres (46 ft) high. The house descended to Gervas Pierrepont, 6th Earl Manvers who died in 1955 without a male heir and the title thereby became extinct. The house remained with his wife, Countess Manvers, and her family. [4]

Sydney Pierrepont, 3rd Earl Manvers British politician

Sydney William Herbert Pierrepont, 3rd Earl Manvers was a British nobleman and politician.

Anthony Salvin architect

Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations. He restored castles and country houses, and built a number of new houses and churches.

Gervas Pierrepont, 6th Earl Manvers British noble and general

Gervas Evelyn Pierrepont, 6th Earl Manvers, MC, JP, known as Gervas Pierrepont until 1940, was a British nobleman, soldier, landowner and member of the House of Lords.

To minimise a perceived threat from coal mining subsidence the buildings were sold to the National Coal Board in 1979 and sold on the open market ten years later. The core of the Thoresby furniture collection was retained by the family, while the remainder was sold at auction by Sotheby's in 1989. After a number of owners it was acquired by Warner Leisure Hotels. [3] The 8,400-square-metre (90,000 sq ft) Salvin house had a new bedroom wing added before opening as a 200-room country house hotel with spa facilities in 2000. [3]

Subsidence the motion of a surface (usually, the Earths surface) as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea-level

Subsidence is the sudden sinking or gradual downward settling of the ground's surface with little or no horizontal motion. The definition of subsidence is not restricted by the rate, magnitude, or area involved in the downward movement. It may be caused by natural processes or by human activities. The former include various karst phenomena, thawing of permafrost, consolidation, oxidation of organic soils, slow crustal warping, normal faulting, caldera subsidence, or withdrawal of fluid lava from beneath a solid crust. The human activities include sub-surface mining or extraction of underground fluids, e. g. petroleum, natural gas, or groundwater. Ground subsidence is of global concern to geologists, geotechnical engineers, surveyors, engineers, urban planners, landowners, and the public in general.

National Coal Board organization

The National Coal Board (NCB) was the statutory corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in the United Kingdom. Set up under the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946, it took over the United Kingdom's collieries on "vesting day", 1 January 1947. In 1987, the NCB was renamed the British Coal Corporation, and its assets were subsequently privatised.

Sotheby's is a British-founded American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City. One of the world's largest brokers of fine and decorative art, jewelry, real estate, and collectibles, Sotheby's operation is divided into three segments: auction, finance, and dealer. The company's services range from corporate art services to private sales. It is named after one of its cofounders, John Sotheby.

The Queen's Royal Lancers and Nottinghamshire Yeomanry Museum occupies part of the courtyard. [5]

Related Research Articles

Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull English nobleman and politician

Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull was an English aristocrat.

Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull

Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain, with the title Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull being a title in the Peerage of England. The Earldom was created on 25 July 1628 for Robert Pierrepont, 1st Viscount Newark. The Dukedom was created on 10 August 1715 for his great-grandson, Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, who had succeeded as the fifth Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1690. The Dukedom became extinct on the death of the second Duke in 1773. These titles are often informally shortened to the Duke of Kingston, and should not be confused with the separate Irish title, Earl of Kingston.

Earl Manvers

Earl Manvers was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1806 for Charles Medows Pierrepont, 1st Viscount Newark. He had already been created Baron Pierrepont, of Holme Pierrepont in the County of Nottingham, and Viscount Newark, of Newark-on-Trent in the County of Nottingham, in 1796. Both these titles were in the Peerage of Great Britain. Born Charles Medows, he was the second son of Philip Medows, Deputy Ranger of Richmond Park, by Lady Frances Pierrepont, daughter of William Pierrepont, Earl of Kingston (1692–1713), eldest son and heir apparent of Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.

Viscount Newark

Viscount Newark is a title that has been created twice in British history, each time with the subsidiary title of Baron Pierrepont.

Pierrepont is the name or part of the name of several communes in France:

Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester 17th-century English peer, Fellow of the Royal Society

Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, PC, FRS was an English peer. He was the son of Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, and his wife, the former Gertrude Talbot, daughter of George Talbot and Elizabeth Reyner, and cousin of the Earl of Shrewsbury.

Holme Pierrepont human settlement in United Kingdom

Holme Pierrepont is a hamlet and civil parish located 5 miles (8 km) south of the city of Nottingham in Nottinghamshire, England. It is in the Gamston ward of the Rushcliffe local authority in the East Midlands region. The population of the civil parish as at the 2011 Census was 528.

Baron Pierrepont

Baron Pierrepont is a title that has been created four times in British history. The first creation came in the Peerage of England on 29 June 1627 when Sir Robert Pierrepont was created Baron Pierrepont, also being created Viscount Newark at the same time. He was further created Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1628. The fifth Earl was created Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1715 in the Peerage of Great Britain, with the Dukedom becoming extinct on the death of the second Duke in 1773.

Charles Pierrepont, 2nd Earl Manvers British naval officer and politician

Charles Herbert Pierrepont, 2nd Earl Manvers was an English nobleman and naval officer, the second son of Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers.

Worksop Manor Building in Britain

Worksop Manor is a Grade I listed 18th-century country house in Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire. It stands in one of the four contiguous estates in the Dukeries area of Nottinghamshire. Traditionally, the Lord of the Manor of Worksop may assist a British monarch at his or her coronation by providing a glove and putting it on the monarch's right hand and supporting his or her right arm. Worksop Manor was the seat of the ancient Lords of Worksop.

Holme Pierrepont Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in the United Kingdom

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Cliffe Castle Museum Heritage centre, Historic house museum. in West Yorkshire, England

Cliffe Castle Museum, Keighley, West Yorkshire, England, is a local heritage museum which opened in the grand, Victorian, neo-Gothic Cliffe Castle in 1959. Originating as Cliffe Hall in 1828, the museum is the successor to Keighley Museum which opened in Eastwood House, Keighley, in c. 1892. There is a series of galleries dedicated to various aspects of local heritage, and to displaying the house itself, which is a Grade II listed building. Entrance to the museum is free of charge.

Walter Owen Hickson

Walter Owen Hickson was an architect and surveyor based in Nottingham.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Historic England. "Thoresby Hall and adjoining outbuildings, gate and railings (1045449)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 Historic England. "Thoresby Park (1000361)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Thoresby" (PDF). Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  4. "Cliffe Castle Park Conservation Group" . Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  5. "Charge of the Light Brigade bugle stars at new museum". BBC. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2018.

Coordinates: 53°14′00″N1°02′42″W / 53.233469°N 1.045120°W / 53.233469; -1.045120