Thoresway

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Thoresway
Church of St. Mary, Thoresway, Lincolnshire. - geograph.org.uk - 140581.jpg
St Mary's Church, Thoresway
Lincolnshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thoresway
Location within Lincolnshire
Population198 (2011)
OS grid reference TF167966
  London 140 mi (230 km)  S
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Market Rasen
Postcode district LN8
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°27′14″N0°14′33″W / 53.453846°N 0.242576°W / 53.453846; -0.242576 Coordinates: 53°27′14″N0°14′33″W / 53.453846°N 0.242576°W / 53.453846; -0.242576

Thoresway is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west from the B1225 road, 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast from Caistor and 6 miles (10 km) north-east from Market Rasen. The population (including Kirmond le Mire and Stainton le Vale) was 198 at the 2011 census. [1]

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

West Lindsey District in England

West Lindsey is a local government district in Lincolnshire, England.

Lincolnshire County of England

Lincolnshire is a county in eastern England, with a long coastline on the North Sea to the east. It borders Norfolk to the south east, Cambridgeshire to the south, Rutland to the south west, Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire to the west, South Yorkshire to the north west, and the East Riding of Yorkshire to the north. It also borders Northamptonshire in the south for just 20 yards (19 m), England's shortest county boundary. The county town is the city of Lincoln, where the county council has its headquarters.

Thoresway is recorded in Domesday Book as "Toreswe", and listed as having 62 households and two mills. [2] In an 1187 Gilbertine charter it was listed as "Toresweie". [3] The name may derive from:-

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Old Norse North Germanic language

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th centuries.

Temple structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities

A temple is a building reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice. It is typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific term such as church, mosque or synagogue is not generally used in English. These include Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism among religions with many modern followers, as well as other ancient religions such as Ancient Egyptian religion.

Thor Hammer-wielding Nordic god associated with thunder

In Germanic mythology, Thor is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind and also hallowing and fertility. Besides Old Norse Þórr, extensions of the god occur in Old English as Þunor and in Old High German as Donar. All forms of the deity stem from a Common Germanic *Þunraz.

The parish church is a Grade II listed building dedicated to Saint Mary and dating from the 12th century, although it was largely rebuilt between 1879 and 1886 by James Fowler of Louth. It was built of ironstone and limestone and has a 12th-century font. [5]

Parish church church which acts as the religious centre of a parish

A parish church in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish. In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe have churches that date back to the Middle Ages, but all periods of architecture are represented.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

James Fowler (architect) ecclesiastical architect from England

James Fowler JP, FRIBA, known as 'Fowler of Louth', is best known as a Victorian English church architect and associated with the restoration and renovation of churches. However, he was also the architect of a wide variety of other buildings. A listing of his work compiled in 1991 traced over 210 buildings that he designed or restored. He is known to be the architect for 24 new churches and his work also included 40 vicarages or rectories, 13 schools, four almshouses, a Savings Bank, a convalescent home and hospital as well as country houses and estate housing. Most of Fowler’s work was in Lincolnshire and particularly around Louth, but it also included work in the East Riding of Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, London, Sussex and even Devon.

Also in the village is a Grade II listed watermill dating from 1816. [6]

Watermill structure that uses a water wheel or turbine to drive a mechanical process

A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower. It is a structure that uses a water wheel or water turbine to drive a mechanical process such as milling (grinding), rolling, or hammering. Such processes are needed in the production of many material goods, including flour, lumber, paper, textiles, and many metal products. These watermills may comprise gristmills, sawmills, paper mills, textile mills, hammermills, trip hammering mills, rolling mills, wire drawing mills.

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neigfhbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  2. "Thoresway". Domesday Map. Anna Powell-Smith/University of Hull. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  3. Stenton, Frank Merry (1922). Transcripts of charters relating to the Gilbertine houses of Sixle, Ormsby, Catley, Bullington, and Alvingham. Horncastle: Lincoln Record Society. pp. 35–38. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  4. A. D. Mills (9 October 2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0-19-157847-2.
  5. Historic England. "St Marys, Thoresway (=1165474)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  6. Historic England. "Watermill, Thoresway (1359760)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 19 August 2011.