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Thoriosa is a genus of African wandering spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1910.
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.
Eugène Louis Simon was a French naturalist who worked particularly on insects and spiders, but also on birds and plants. He is by far the most prolific spider taxonomist in history, describing over 4,000 species.
As of April 2019 [update] it contains four species:
In zoological nomenclature, a type species is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s). A similar concept is used for suprageneric groups called a type genus.
Thoriosa spinivulva is a spider species of the family Ctenidae that is endemic on São Tomé Island. It was first named in 1910 by Eugène Simon.
The São Tomé and Príncipe national football team is the national association football team of São Tomé and Príncipe and is controlled by the São Toméan Football Federation. It is a member of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and FIFA.
Wandering spiders (Ctenidae) are a family of spiders that includes the Brazilian wandering spiders. These spiders have a distinctive longitudinal groove on the top-rear of their oval carapace similar to those of the Amaurobiidae. They are highly defensive and venomous nocturnal hunters. Despite their notoriety for being dangerous, only a few members of Phoneutria have venom known to be hazardous to humans, but the venoms of this family are poorly known, so all larger ctenids should be treated with caution.
The ray spiders (Theridiosomatidae) is a family of spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1881. They are most recognizable for their construction of cone-shaped webs.
Baryphas is a genus of jumping spiders.
Belippo is a genus of jumping spiders.
Maltecora is a genus of São Toméan jumping spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1910. As of June 2019 it contains only three species, found only in São Tomé and Príncipe: M. chrysochlora, M. divina, and M. janthina.
Smeringopus is a genus of cellar spiders classified under the subfamily Holocneminae, family Pholcidae.
Anaxibia is a genus of cribellate araneomorph spiders in the Dictynidae family, and was first described by Tamerlan Thorell in 1898.
Cyphonisia is a genus of African brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1889.
Pseudartonis is a genus of African orb-weaver spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1895.
Sarascelis is a genus of spiders in the Palpimanidae family. It was first described in 1887 by Simon. As of 2017, it contains 7 species.
Scelidocteus is a genus of spiders in the Palpimanidae family. It was first described in 1907 by Simon. As of 2017, it contains 7 African species.
Belippo anguina is an endemic jumping spider species that lives in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was first identified in 1910 by Simon from a juvenile specimen and is the type species for the genus Belippo. Its female holotype measures 4 mm.
Aphantaulax ensifera is a species of ground spiders native to São Tomé and Príncipe. The species was named by Eugène Simon in 1907.
Loculla rauca is a wolf spider species of the family Lycosidae endemic to São Tomé Island. It was first described in 1910 by Eugène Simon.
Maltecora janthina is an endemic jumping spider species of the family Salticidae that lives on São Tomé Island. It was first named in 1910 by Eugène Simon.
Echemus lacertosus is an endemic spider species of the family Gnaphosidae that lives on Príncipe in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was first described in 1907 by Eugène Simon.
Hogna thetis is an endemic spider species of the family Lycosidae that lives on Príncipe in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was first described as Lycosa thetis in 1907 by Eugène Simon.
Pochyta insulana is an endemic jumping spider species of the family Salticidae that lives on the island of Príncipe, São Tomé and Príncipe. It was first named and described in 1910 by Eugène Simon.
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