Thorleif Karlsen

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Thorleif Oscar Karlsen (17 December 1909 31 January 2010) was a Norwegian police inspector, who also became known through the radio program Trafikk og musikk.

He was born in Stavanger, to which his parents had moved in the same year. He was hired as a police officer in 1930. [1] He worked in Stavanger from 1930 to 1932, for Statspolitiet in Oslo from 1932 to 1937 and then in Stavanger again from 1938. [2] During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany he was arrested in February 1941 for "anti-German propaganda". He was imprisoned at Møllergata 19 from 26 February to 22 March, then at Åneby concentration camp until 16 April. He was freed, but was later arrested again during a crackdown on the police (Norwegian : politiaksjonen), and was imprisoned at Grini concentration camp from March 1943 to January 1944. After being released again, he was even arrested for a third time, and sat at Møllergata 19 from October 1944 to the war's end in May 1945. [3] He has speculated that the reason for him not being sent to a German concentration camp, was that his father co-founded Nasjonal Samling. [1]

Stavanger Municipality in Norway

Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway. It is the third largest city and metropolitan area in Norway and the administrative centre of Rogaland county. The municipality is the fourth most populous in Norway. Located on the Stavanger Peninsula in Southwest Norway, Stavanger counts its official founding year as 1125, the year the Stavanger Cathedral was completed. Stavanger's core is to a large degree 18th- and 19th-century wooden houses that are protected and considered part of the city's cultural heritage. This has caused the town centre and inner city to retain a small-town character with an unusually high ratio of detached houses, and has contributed significantly to spreading the city's population growth to outlying parts of Greater Stavanger.

Statspolitiet collaborator police force in Norway during Wold War 2

Statspolitiet was from 1941 to 1945 a National Socialist armed police force that consisted of Norwegian officials after Nazi German pattern. It operated independently of the ordinary Norwegian police. The force was established on June 1, 1941 during the German occupation of Norway. The initiative for the force came from the later chief Karl Marthinsen and other prominent members of the collaborationist party Nasjonal Samling. At its peak, in 1944 there were 350 employees in Statspolitiet, in addition to a larger number who collaborated or rendered services for them. Its purpose was primarily to combat so-called political crimes, refugees, espionage, sabotage, armed resistance and other kinds of resistance against the German occupation forces or the Norwegian collaborationist Quisling regime. Statspolitiet played an important role during the Holocaust in Norway, aiding in the deportation of the Jews in Norway. Norwegians were arrested by contemporary laws, and many were later sent to prison camps in Norway and concentration camps in what was then Germany. Statspolitiet was organized with a headquarters in Oslo and six subsidiaries in Oslo and Aker, Stavanger, Bergen, Trondheim, Tromsø and Kirkenes. Statspolitiet was subordinate to the chief of the security police and the Norwegian Minister of Police, Jonas Lie. Statspolitiet also received orders directly from the German Sicherheitspolizei. The general of Statspolitiet, Karl A Marthinsen was liquidated by the Norwegian resistance movement on 8 February 1945. This caused massive reprisals, in which 34 imprisoned resistance fighters were executed at Akershus Fortress.

Oslo Place in Østlandet, Norway

Oslo is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Founded in the year 1040 as Ánslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 reduced its influence, and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 it functioned as a co-official capital. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. The city's name was spelled Kristiania between 1877 and 1897 by state and municipal authorities. In 1925 the city was renamed Oslo.

After World War II he continued as a police officer. He was also a member of Stavanger city council from 1947 to 1955, representing the Labour Party. In 1954 he became the first non-jurist to serve as police inspector in the city Oslo. The appointment of a non-jurist was controversial, and was even debated in the Parliament of Norway. [2] He led the traffic police department in Oslo, and held the position until 1979. [1] He became nationally known as permanent guest in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation radio program Trafikk og musikk hosted by Oddvar Folkestad which aired every Saturday afternoon between 1960 and 1980. He was one of the founders of Trygg Trafikk. In 1982 he was hired as a columnist in Stavanger Aftenblad . [4]

Stavanger Aftenblad or simply Aftenbladet is a daily newspaper based in Stavanger, Norway, and owned by Schibsted.

Karlsen died on 31 January 2010 in Stavanger. [5] He was married for the most of his life, had five children and twelve grandchildren. He was also a Freemason and a member of the International Organisation of Good Templars, [1] and from 1978 to 1983 he was a board member of the International Abstaining Motorists Association. He has been decorated with the King's Medal of Merit in gold, and appointed a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog, a Knight of the Order of Vasa and a Knight of the Order of the Lion of Finland. [2]

Freemasonry group of fraternal organizations

Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of Freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow, and Master Mason. The candidate of these three degrees is progressively taught the meanings of the symbols of Freemasonry, and entrusted with grips, signs and words to signify to other members that he has been so initiated. The initiations are part allegorical morality play and part lecture. The three degrees are offered by Craft Freemasonry. Members of these organisations are known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by their own bodies.

International Organisation of Good Templars

The International Organisation of Good Templars, founded as the Independent Order of Good Templars (IOGT), is a fraternal organization describing itself as "the premier global interlocutor for evidence-based policy measures and community-based interventions to prevent and reduce harm caused by alcohol and other drugs". It claims to be the largest worldwide community of non-governmental organisations with a mission to independently enlighten people around the world on a lifestyle free from alcohol and other drugs. The International Organisation of Good Templars is a leading NGO in the temperance movement.

Kings Medal of Merit Norwegian merit award

The King's Medal of Merit is a Norwegian award. It was instituted in 1908 to reward meritorious achievements in the fields of art, science, business, and public service. It is divided in two classes: gold and silver. The medal in gold is rewarded for extraordinary achievements of importance to the nation and society. The medal in silver may be awarded for lesser achievements. The medal is suspended from a ribbon in the colours of the Royal Standard of Norway.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Brandslet, Steinar (4 January 2005). "Joda, Karlsen lever". Stavanger Aftenblad (in Norwegian). p. 24.
  2. 1 2 3 Jørgensen, Jørn-Kr. "Thorleif Karlsen". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  3. Giertsen, Børre R., ed. (1946). Norsk fangeleksikon. Grinifangene (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. 4.
  4. "Thorleif Karlsen 95 år". Stavanger Aftenblad (in Norwegian). 17 December 2004. p. 30.
  5. "NRK-stemmen Thorleif Karlsen er død". VG Nett. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.