Thorleif Schjelderup

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Thorleif Schjelderup
Thorleif Schjelderup.jpg
Personal information
Nationality Norwegian
Born(1920-01-20)20 January 1920
Oslo, Norway
Died 28 May 2006(2006-05-28) (aged 86)
Oslo, Norway
Occupation Author, skier
Spouse(s) Sossen Krohg
Anne Brown
Sport
Sport Ski jumping

Thorleif Schjelderup (20 January 1920 – 28 May 2006) was a Norwegian ski jumper, author and environmentalist.

Norway constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Ski jumping skiing sport with jumping down a hill

Ski jumping is a winter sport in which competitors aim to achieve the longest jump after descending from a specially designed ramp on their skis. Along with jump length, competitor's style and other factors affect the final score. Ski jumping was first contested in Norway in the late 19th century, and later spread through Europe and North America in the early 20th century. Along with cross-country skiing, it constitutes the traditional group of Nordic skiing disciplines.

He was born to Ferdinand Schjelderup [1] and Marie Leigh Vogt. [2] His father was a Supreme Court judge, a mountaineering pioneer, and a leader of the Norwegian resistance movement during World War II. His son grew up in Oslo, where he took up ski jumping. He placed fourth at the Holmenkollen ski festival in 1940 and second in 1946 and 1948. In 1948 he also won bronze medals at the national championships and Winter Olympics and graduated in law from the Oslo University. On 15 March 1950 he became the first Norwegian athlete to break the 100 m barrier when he jumped over 106 m in Planica, Yugoslavia. He retired in 1953 to become a ski jumping coach with Italian (1953–56) and Norwegian national teams (1956–1962). [3]

Ferdinand Schjelderup was a Norwegian mountaineer, Supreme Court Justice and resistance member during the German occupation of Norway.

Norwegian resistance movement

The Norwegian resistance to the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany began after Operation Weserübung in 1940 and ended in 1945. It took several forms:

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Besides ski jumping Schjelderup was known as an author, photographer and environmentalist who traveled around the country to promote outdoor activities. He published 10 books, mostly about ski jumping and nature, including the first Norwegian textbook on environmentalism for the elementary school in 1973. [3]

Schjelderup was married to the Norwegian actress and playwright Sossen Krohg from 1942 to 1947. In 1948 he met the African-American singer Anne Brown. She moved with him to Oslo where the couple eventually married. [2] After their separation in 1969 he lived with the musical actress and singer Ranveig Eckhoff until 1985, and for several years they stayed in Stockholm. [3]

Sossen Krohg was a Norwegian playwright and stage and film actress.

Anne Brown singer

Anne Brown was an American soprano who created the role of "Bess" in the original production of George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess in 1935. She was also a radio and concert singer. She settled in Norway in 1948 and later became a Norwegian citizen.

Oslo Place in Østlandet, Norway

Oslo is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Founded in the year 1040 as Ánslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 reduced its influence, and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 it functioned as a co-official capital. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. The city's name was spelled Kristiania between 1877 and 1897 by state and municipal authorities. In 1925 the city was renamed Oslo.

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References

  1. "Schjelderup, Thorleif". Aschehoug og Gyldendals Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. 1 2 Genealogy (vestraat.net)
  3. 1 2 3 Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Thorleif Schjelderup". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC.
International Ski Federation international governing body for ski sports

The Fédération Internationale de Ski is the world's highest governing body for international winter sports. Founded in Chamonix on 2 February 1924, it is responsible for the Olympic disciplines of Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing and snowboarding. The FIS is also responsible for setting the international competition rules. The organization now has a membership of 118 national ski associations and is based in Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland.