A19 at Thormanby
|Population||138 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||193 mi (311 km) south|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Thormanby is a village and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the A19 approximately halfway between Easingwold and Thirsk and about 14 miles (23 km) south east of the county town of Northallerton.
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.
Hambleton is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. The main town and administrative centre is Northallerton, and the district also includes the market towns and major villages of Bedale, Thirsk, Great Ayton, Stokesley, and Easingwold.
North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county and largest ceremonial county in England. It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber but partly in the region of North East England. The estimated population of North Yorkshire was 602,300 in mid 2016.
Thormanby is derived from the Old Norse personal name of Thormothr / Þórmóðr ( Tormod in modern Norwegian) and the suffix bi meaning "Thormothr's farm". The name Thormothr means "Thor's gift" (i.e. "mind" and "courage").
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Tormod is a masculine Norwegian and Scottish Gaelic given name. The Norwegian name is derived from the Old Norse personal name Þórmóðr. This name is composed of two elements: Þorr, the name of the Norse god of thunder; and móðr, meaning "mind", "courage". The Gaelic name is derived from the Old Norse personal names Þórmóðr and Þormundr. A variant of the Norwegian name is Thormod. An Anglicised form of the Scottish Gaelic name is Norman.
Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties, and some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are hardly mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.
The village is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Tormozbi" in the Yarlestre Hundred. Before the Norman Conquest most of the land in the parish belonged to the manor of Earl Morcar, with a small areas owned by Arkil and Gamel. Following Domesday the manor passed to the Crown and, along with the smaller areas of land, was granted to Robert Malet.It eventually passed into the Nevill family, lords of the manors of Sheriff Hutton and Raskelf, who held it until the 15th century. It passed through several other families during the next 250 years until it came down to the Dawnay family in 1721. From that date it followed the descent of the manor of Sessay. Most of the land in the village was owned by the Viscounts Downe of Wykeham, but much of this was sold in 1918 with the disposing of the Sessay Estate.
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:
Then, at the midwinter , was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."
The Norman Conquest of England was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish, and French soldiers led by the Duke of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.
William Page in his A History of the County of York North Riding states: "According to tradition there was once a castle here. It is also said that in the rebellion of the Earl of Northumberland in 1569, the royal forces encamped on Thormanby Carr on their way to Maiden Bower near Topcliffe."
In 1870–72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Thormanby as:
Rev. John Marius Wilson (c.1805–1885) was a British writer and an editor, most notable for his gazetteers. The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, was a substantial topographical dictionary in six volumes. It was a companion to his Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, published 1854–57.
a parish in Easingwold district, N. R. Yorkshire; 1¾ mile SW of Husthwaite Gate railway station, and 4¼ NNW of Easingwold. It has a post-office under Easingwold. Acres, 958. Real property, £1,042. Pop., 147. Houses, 24. The living is a rectory in the diocese of York. Value, £216.* Patron, alternately Viscount Downe and Sir G. Cayley, Bart. The church is good. Charities, £6.
There were three inns throughout the 17th century and 18th century, but only the Black Bull Inn public house remained until recent years. In 1999 the landlord of the Black Bull, Robert Medd, intended to close the pub, saying "the pub is sometimes more like a morgue," and "sells just 16 pints a day." Residents opposed his application to convert the pub through a belief that the village needed a "focal point".
The village lies within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It is also within the Easingwold electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Helperby ward of Hambleton District Council.
The parish contains 1,002 acres (4.1 km2), of which 454 are arable land and 383 grass. The nearest settlements are the hamlet of Birdforth 0.7 miles (1.1 km) to the north and the villages of Carlton Husthwaite, Hutton Sessay and Husthwaite, which are all within a radius of 1.6 miles (2.6 km). The village lies at and elevation between 148 feet (45 m) and 180 feet (55 m) and is the highest point within the parish. The nearest major city is York, 16 miles (26 km) to the south-east. The Thirsk and Malton branch of the North Eastern Railway passes through the parish, but there is no station here.
The surface elevation is relatively consistent, varying in height from only 103 feet (31.4 m) to 175 feet (53.3 m) above the Ordnance Survey data. In the south there is an area of low-lying carr (landform) – Sun Beck, Birdforth Beck and Ings Beck, which are part of the tributary system of the River Swale, drain the land and separate Thormanby from Sessay, Birdforth and Carlton Husthwaite respectively.
The first United Kingdom Census in 1801 recorded the population as 131. The highest recorded population in UK census returns was in 1852 when there were 154 people. By the time of the 1961 UK census, the population had fallen to 87.The 2001 UK census recorded the population as 112 of which 52.7% were male and 47.3% were female. Of those, 88.4% stated their religion as Christian, with the rest not stating a religion. The ethnicity of the parish was virtually 100% white British. There were 44 dwellings in the Parish. The 2011 UK census recorded the population as 138, an increase of 39.4% on the previous figures, of which 51.4% were male and 48.6% were female. Of those, 70.3% stated their religion as Christian, with the rest not stating a religion. The ethnicity of the Parish was virtually 100% white British.
The stacked column chart represents a simplified version of the 1881 occupational data, using the 24 'Orders' used in the published reports for 1881, plus an 'Unknown' category. Many of these categories combine 'Workers and Dealers' in different commodities, so it is impossible to distinguish workers in manufacturing and services. The graph shows that women had no significant occupation apart from domestic service, showing at approximately 31.5% of females. The most common occupation for males in the parish was agriculture, with approximately 74.2% of males being employed in this sector.
The village church is dedicated to St Mary Magdalene and is a Grade II* listed building.It was built in the 12th century and has been subject to frequent changes up to 1955. The church stands a short distance east of the village on Church Lane. The village rectory is just south-west from the church. The Old Rectory is a Grade II Listed 18th-century Georgian residence, built in 1737 with a later addition of a schoolroom in 1786, and further alterations in 1837. It is now a Bed and Breakfast.
Near the Rectory is a small redundant Wesleyan chapel, built in 1875, which has now been converted into a private house.West of the village, on Birdforth Beck, is Thormanby Mill. A red-brick 19th-century barn at Thormanby Mill is Grade II listed. At the north of the village, on the A19 near Birdforth Bridge, stands a Grade II-listed late 19th-century triangular cast iron mile post.
Thomas Whytehead (1815–1843), was a Thormanby-born missionary and poet. He was the fourth son of Henry Robert Whytehead, curate of Thormanby.
Sowerby is a small village, electoral ward and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, it is situated immediately south of Thirsk. The parish boundary merges with that of Thirsk, so the village could be described as a suburb. The author James Herriot lived in the village.
Kilburn is a village in the civil parish of Kilburn High and Low, in the Hambleton district in the county of North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the edge of the North York Moors National Park, and 6.2 miles (10.0 km) north of Easingwold.
Sutton-on-the-Forest is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is 8 miles (13 km) north of York and 4.4 miles (7 km) south-east of Easingwold.
Coxwold is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England and located within the North York Moors National Park. It is situated 18 miles north of York and is where the Rev. Laurence Sterne wrote A Sentimental Journey.
Birdforth is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 13. The population remained less than 100 at the 2011 Census. Details are included in the civil parish of Long Marston, North Yorkshire. The village is on the A19 road, about six miles south of Thirsk.
Boltby is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is on the edge of the North York Moors National Park at 140 m, and about six miles north-east of Thirsk. According to the 2011 census, it had a population of 143.
Carlton Husthwaite is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, about six miles south of Thirsk. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 167, increasing to 180 at the 2011 Census.
Marton-cum-Moxby is a civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. The population of the civil parish is less than 100 at the time of the 2011 Census. Details were included in the civil parish of Farlington, North Yorkshire. It is situated to the east of the villages of Stillington and Farlington, near Easingwold. Marton-cum-Moxby consists of the hamlets of Marton-in-the-Forest and Moxby. Today both Marton and Moxby are overwhelmingly agricultural in character.
Linton-on-Ouse is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England, about eight miles north-west of York. It lies on the north bank of the River Ouse.
Stillington is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the York to Helmsley road about 10 miles (16 km) north of York. Stillington Mill was the endpoint of the Foss Navigation Act of 1793.
Farlington is a small village and civil parish in Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north of York between Stillington and Sheriff Hutton. A small stream, the Farlington beck, runs through the village.
Husthwaite is a village and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 2.5 miles (4 km) north from Easingwold.
Hutton Sessay is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. In 2013 the population of the civil parish was estimated at 100. The village is situated just west of the A19 between Thirsk and Easingwold.
Topcliffe is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the River Swale, on the A167 road and close to the A168. It is about 5 miles (8.0 km) south-west of Thirsk and 11 miles (18 km) south of the county town of Northallerton. It has a population of 1,489. An Army Barracks, with a Royal Air Force airfield enclosed within, is located to the north of the village.
Thornton-le-Street is a village and parochial and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor and Thornton-le-Street for District purposes. As the population remained less 100 at the 2011 Census details are included in the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor. It is situated on the A168, about three miles north of Thirsk and about 5.3 miles (8.5 km) south east of the county town of Northallerton.
Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated on the A170 at the foot of Sutton Bank, about three miles east of Thirsk.
Sessay is a small, linear village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 4 miles (6 km) south-east from Thirsk, and 2 miles (3 km) west from the A19 road close to the East Coast Main Line.
Dalton is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 4 miles south of Thirsk and near the A168 road.It mainly consists of farmland as well as an industrial estate. It has a population of 518.
Brandsby is a village in North Yorkshire, England. The village is the main constituent of the Brandsby-cum-Stearsby Civil Parish in the District of Hambleton. The village is mentioned in the Domesday book. It lies between Easingwold and Hovingham, some 12.3 miles (19.8 km) north of York.
Thirkleby High and Low with Osgodby is a civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. The constituents of the parish consist of the villages of Great Thirkleby, Little Thirkleby and the scattered hamlet of Osgodby. The similarly named medieval settlement of Thirkleby Manor is in the parish of Kirby Grindalythe, Ryedale district. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 Census was 266.