Thormanby

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Thormanby
A19 at Thormanby - Geograph-2526849-by-Ian-S.jpg
A19 at Thormanby
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thormanby
Thormanby shown within North Yorkshire
Population138 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE492749
  London 193 mi (311 km)  south
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town York
Postcode district YO61
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°10′04″N1°14′49″W / 54.167679°N 1.24693°W / 54.167679; -1.24693 Coordinates: 54°10′04″N1°14′49″W / 54.167679°N 1.24693°W / 54.167679; -1.24693
The changing population of Thormanby over time The changing population of Thormanby 1800-present.png
The changing population of Thormanby over time
Occupation history 1881 Occupation history 1881.jpg
Occupation history 1881

Thormanby is a village and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the A19 approximately halfway between Easingwold and Thirsk and about 14 miles (23 km) south east of the county town of Northallerton.

Civil parish territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England, UK

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

Hambleton District District in England

Hambleton is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. The main town and administrative centre is Northallerton, and the district also includes the market towns and major villages of Bedale, Thirsk, Great Ayton, Stokesley, and Easingwold.

North Yorkshire County of England

North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county and largest ceremonial county in England. It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber but partly in the region of North East England. The estimated population of North Yorkshire was 602,300 in mid 2016.

Contents

History

Thormanby is derived from the Old Norse personal name of Thormothr / Þórmóðr ( Tormod in modern Norwegian) and the suffix bi meaning "Thormothr's farm". The name Thormothr means "Thor's gift" (i.e. "mind" and "courage"). [2] [3] [4]

Old Norse North Germanic language

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.

Tormod is a masculine Norwegian and Scottish Gaelic given name. The Norwegian name is derived from the Old Norse personal name Þórmóðr. This name is composed of two elements: Þorr, the name of the Norse god of thunder; and móðr, meaning "mind", "courage". The Gaelic name is derived from the Old Norse personal names Þórmóðr and Þormundr. A variant of the Norwegian name is Thormod. An Anglicised form of the Scottish Gaelic name is Norman.

Norwegian language North Germanic language spoken in Norway

Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties, and some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are hardly mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.

The village is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Tormozbi" in the Yarlestre Hundred. Before the Norman Conquest most of the land in the parish belonged to the manor of Earl Morcar, with a small areas owned by Arkil and Gamel. Following Domesday the manor passed to the Crown and, along with the smaller areas of land, was granted to Robert Malet. [2] [5] It eventually passed into the Nevill family, lords of the manors of Sheriff Hutton and Raskelf, who held it until the 15th century. It passed through several other families during the next 250 years until it came down to the Dawnay family in 1721. From that date it followed the descent of the manor of Sessay. [6] [7] Most of the land in the village was owned by the Viscounts Downe of Wykeham, but much of this was sold in 1918 with the disposing of the Sessay Estate. [2]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Norman conquest of England 11th-century invasion and conquest of England by Normans

The Norman Conquest of England was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish, and French soldiers led by the Duke of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

Manor an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a manorial court

A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.

William Page in his A History of the County of York North Riding states: "According to tradition there was once a castle here. It is also said that in the rebellion of the Earl of Northumberland in 1569, the royal forces encamped on Thormanby Carr on their way to Maiden Bower near Topcliffe." [8]

In 1870–72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Thormanby as:

Rev. John Marius Wilson (c.1805–1885) was a British writer and an editor, most notable for his gazetteers. The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, was a substantial topographical dictionary in six volumes. It was a companion to his Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, published 1854–57.

a parish in Easingwold district, N. R. Yorkshire; 1¾ mile SW of Husthwaite Gate railway station, and 4¼ NNW of Easingwold. It has a post-office under Easingwold. Acres, 958. Real property, £1,042. Pop., 147. Houses, 24. The living is a rectory in the diocese of York. Value, £216.* Patron, alternately Viscount Downe and Sir G. Cayley, Bart. The church is good. Charities, £6. [9]

There were three inns throughout the 17th century and 18th century, but only the Black Bull Inn public house remained until recent years. In 1999 the landlord of the Black Bull, Robert Medd, intended to close the pub, saying "the pub is sometimes more like a morgue," and "sells just 16 pints a day." Residents opposed his application to convert the pub through a belief that the village needed a "focal point". [10]

Governance

The village lies within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It is also within the Easingwold electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Helperby ward of Hambleton District Council. [11]

Geography

The parish contains 1,002 acres (4.1 km2), of which 454 are arable land and 383 grass. [8] The nearest settlements are the hamlet of Birdforth 0.7 miles (1.1 km) to the north and the villages of Carlton Husthwaite, Hutton Sessay and Husthwaite, which are all within a radius of 1.6 miles (2.6 km). The village lies at and elevation between 148 feet (45 m) and 180 feet (55 m) and is the highest point within the parish. The nearest major city is York, 16 miles (26 km) to the south-east. [11] The Thirsk and Malton branch of the North Eastern Railway passes through the parish, but there is no station here.

Topography

The surface elevation is relatively consistent, varying in height from only 103 feet (31.4 m) to 175 feet (53.3 m) above the Ordnance Survey data. In the south there is an area of low-lying carr (landform) – Sun Beck, Birdforth Beck and Ings Beck, which are part of the tributary system of the River Swale, drain the land and separate Thormanby from Sessay, Birdforth and Carlton Husthwaite respectively. [11] [8]

Demography

The first United Kingdom Census in 1801 recorded the population as 131. The highest recorded population in UK census returns was in 1852 when there were 154 people. By the time of the 1961 UK census, the population had fallen to 87. [12] The 2001 UK census recorded the population as 112 of which 52.7% were male and 47.3% were female. Of those, 88.4% stated their religion as Christian, with the rest not stating a religion. The ethnicity of the parish was virtually 100% white British. There were 44 dwellings in the Parish. The 2011 UK census recorded the population as 138, an increase of 39.4% on the previous figures, of which 51.4% were male and 48.6% were female. Of those, 70.3% stated their religion as Christian, with the rest not stating a religion. The ethnicity of the Parish was virtually 100% white British. [13]

Occupation history

The stacked column chart represents a simplified version of the 1881 occupational data, using the 24 'Orders' used in the published reports for 1881, plus an 'Unknown' category. Many of these categories combine 'Workers and Dealers' in different commodities, so it is impossible to distinguish workers in manufacturing and services. The graph shows that women had no significant occupation apart from domestic service, showing at approximately 31.5% of females. The most common occupation for males in the parish was agriculture, with approximately 74.2% of males being employed in this sector. [14]

Landmarks

St Mary Magdalene Church, Thormanby St Mary Magdalene Church, Thormanby - Geograph-2934994-by-Bill-Henderson.jpg
St Mary Magdalene Church, Thormanby

The village church is dedicated to St Mary Magdalene and is a Grade II* listed building. [15] It was built in the 12th century and has been subject to frequent changes up to 1955. The church stands a short distance east of the village on Church Lane. The village rectory is just south-west from the church. The Old Rectory is a Grade II Listed 18th-century Georgian residence, built in 1737 with a later addition of a schoolroom in 1786, and further alterations in 1837. [16] It is now a Bed and Breakfast.

Near the Rectory is a small redundant Wesleyan chapel, built in 1875, which has now been converted into a private house. [6] [7] West of the village, on Birdforth Beck, is Thormanby Mill. A red-brick 19th-century barn at Thormanby Mill is Grade II listed. [17] At the north of the village, on the A19 near Birdforth Bridge, stands a Grade II-listed late 19th-century triangular cast iron mile post. [18]

Notable people

Thomas Whytehead (1815–1843), was a Thormanby-born missionary and poet. He was the fourth son of Henry Robert Whytehead, curate of Thormanby. [19]

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References

  1. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thormanby Parish (1170216942)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "Thormanby Village Information". Visit Easinglwold. 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  3. Watts, Victor, ed. (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 609. ISBN   978-0521168557.
  4. Mills, A.D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 458. ISBN   978-0192800749.
  5. Thormanby in the Domesday Book . Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Parish History" . Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  7. 1 2 Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 831–832. ISBN   1-86150-299-0.
  8. 1 2 3 Page, William, ed. (1923). "Parishes: Thormanby". A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  9. "Excerpt from Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer 1870–72". GB Historical GIS. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  10. Daily Mail (14 July 1999). "UK Crunch time for peace". BBC News. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  11. 1 2 3 Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  12. "Historical census records" . Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  13. "2001 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  14. "Thormanby CP/AP through time, Industry Statistics and Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 Orders plus sex". A Vision of Britain through Time: GB Historical GIS. University of Portsmouth.
  15. Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene, Thormanby (1191364)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  16. Historic England. "The Old Rectory, Thormanby (1257990)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  17. Historic England. "Barn at Thormanby Mill, Thormanby (1315212)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  18. Historic England. "Mile Post on Birdforth Bridge, Thormanby (1191361)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  19. Edward Irving Carlyle (1901). Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900, Volume 61. Oxford Press. pp. 172–172.

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