Thorn, Netherlands

Last updated
Fahrrader in der Daalstraat.jpg
The Daalstraat (daalstreet) in Thorn
Thorn vlag.svg
Thorn gemeentewapen.svg
Netherlands location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in the Netherlands
Red pog.svg
Location in the province of Limburg in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 51°10′N5°50′E / 51.167°N 5.833°E / 51.167; 5.833
Country Netherlands
Province Limburg
Municipality Maasgouw
  Total6.69 km2 (2.58 sq mi)
24 m (79 ft)
 (2021) [1]
  Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6017 [1]
Dialing code 0475

Thorn (Dutch: [tɔr(ə)n] ; Limburgish : Toear or Thoear) is a village in the municipality of Maasgouw, in the Dutch province of Limburg. It lies on the rivers Meuse and Witbeek. It is known as 'the white village' for its white-washed brick houses in the centre of town. It used to be part of the Imperial Abbey of Thorn.



First[ when? ], the region of Thorn was a swamp nearby the Roman road between Maastricht and Nijmegen. But the region had been drained[ when? ] and about 975, Bishop Ansfried of Utrecht founded a Benedictine nunnery. This monastery developed since the 12th century into a secular stift or convent. The principal of the stift was the abbess. She was assisted by a chapter of at most twenty ladies of the highest nobility.

Previously the abbess and the chapter were endowed with religious tasks but, since the 12th century, they served secular matters and formed the government of a truly sovereign miniature principality, a smaller independent state in the German Holy Roman Empire, approximately 250 x 250 metres. Besides Thorn, Ittervoort, Grathem, Baexem, Stramproy, Ell, Haler and Molenbeersel belonged to this principality. After the French invasion in the winter of 1794–95 and the formal abolition in 1797 made an end to the existence of the abbey and the principality of Thorn; Thorn was first part of the department of Meuse-Inférieure, and after the Vienna Congress it became a municipality of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Limburg (Netherlands)</span> Province of the Netherlands

Limburg, also known as Dutch Limburg, is the southernmost of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. It is bordered by Gelderland to the north and by North Brabant to its west. Its long eastern boundary forms the international border with the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. To the west is the international border with the similarly named Belgian province of Limburg, part of which is delineated by the river Meuse. To the South, Limburg is bordered by the Belgian province of Liège. The Vaalserberg is on the extreme southeastern point, marking the tripoint of the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ansfried of Utrecht</span>

Saint Ansfried of Utrecht sometimes called Ansfried the younger was Count of Huy and the sword-bearer for Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor. He became Bishop of Utrecht in 995. He appears to have been the son or grandson of Lambert, a nobleman of the Maasgau, the area where he later founded the Abbey of Thorn. He also appears to have been related to various important contemporaries including the royal family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eijsden</span> Village in the Dutch province of Limburg

Eijsden is a village situated in the very south of the European country the Netherlands. It is located in the southwestern part of the province of Limburg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maaseik</span> City and municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Maaseik is a city and municipality in the Belgian province of Limburg. Both in size and in population, it is the 8th largest municipality in Limburg. The town is the seat of the administrative arrondissement of Maaseik (kieskanton). Internationally, Maaseik is known as the assumed birthplace of the famous Flemish painters Jan and Hubert van Eyck.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stavelot</span> Municipality in French Community, Belgium

Stavelot is a town and municipality of Wallonia located in the province of Liège, Belgium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County of Namur</span> State of the Holy Roman Empire (c. 981–1797)

Namur was a county of the Carolingian and later Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, a region in northwestern Europe. Its territories largely correspond with the present-day French-speaking Belgian arrondissement Namur together with the northwestern part of the arrondissement Dinant, which are both part of the modern province of Namur. The modern provincial boundaries are based upon the French Republican department of Sambre-et-Meuse.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kessenich</span> Village in Flanders

Kessenich is a village in the Belgian province Limburg. It is a section of the municipality of Kinrooi, lying in the eastern end of the municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prince-Bishopric of Liège</span> State of the Holy Roman Empire (980–1795)

The Prince-Bishopric of Liège or Principality of Liège was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that was situated for the most part in present-day Belgium. It was an Imperial Estate, so the bishop of Liège, as its prince, had a seat and a vote in the Imperial Diet. The Prince-Bishopric of Liège should not be confused with the Diocese of Liège, which was larger and over which the prince-bishop exercised only the usual responsibilities of a bishop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Forest, Belgium</span> Municipality of the Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium

Forest or Vorst, is one of the 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium. Located in the southern part of the region, it is bordered by Anderlecht, Ixelles, Uccle, and Saint-Gilles, as well as the Flemish municipality of Drogenbos. In common with all of Brussels' municipalities, it is legally bilingual (French–Dutch).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wessem</span> Small city in Limburg, Netherlands

Wessem is a small city in the Netherlands, in the province of Limburg. Wessem is a part of the municipality of Maasgouw. It received city rights around 1320.

<i>Advocatus</i> Medieval office-holder

During the Middle Ages, an advocatus was an office-holder who was legally delegated to perform some of the secular responsibilities of a major feudal lord, or for an institution such as an abbey. Many such positions developed, especially in the Holy Roman Empire. Typically, these evolved to include responsibility for aspects of the daily management of agricultural lands, villages and cities. In some regions, advocates were governors of large provinces, sometimes distinguished by terms such as Landvogt.

The term Stift is derived from the verb stiften and originally meant 'a donation'. Such donations usually comprised earning assets, originally landed estates with serfs defraying dues or with vassal tenants of noble rank providing military services and forwarding dues collected from serfs. In modern times the earning assets could also be financial assets donated to form a fund to maintain an endowment, especially a charitable foundation. When landed estates, donated as a Stift to maintain the college of a monastery, the chapter of a collegiate church or the cathedral chapter of a diocese, formed a territory enjoying the status of an imperial state within the Holy Roman Empire then the term Stift often also denotes the territory itself. In order to specify this territorial meaning the term Stift is then composed with hoch as the compound Hochstift, denoting a prince-bishopric, or Erzstift for a prince-archbishopric.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rolduc</span> Monastery in Kerkrade, Netherlands

Rolduc is the name of a medieval abbey located on the edge of the town of Kerkrade in the far south-east of the Netherlands. It is today a Roman Catholic seminary with an affiliated conference center. The abbey is a rijksmonument. It features on the official list of 100 top Dutch heritage sites, drawn up in 1990 by what is today the Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Essen Abbey</span>

Essen Abbey was a community of secular canonesses for women of high nobility that formed the nucleus of modern-day Essen, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Heiligengrabe</span> Municipality in Brandenburg, Germany

Heiligengrabe is a municipality in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Quedlinburg Abbey</span> Former abbey in Quedlinburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Quedlinburg Abbey was a house of secular canonesses (Frauenstift) in Quedlinburg in what is now Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It was founded in 936 on the initiative of Saint Mathilda, the widow of the East Frankish King Henry the Fowler, as his memorial. For many centuries it and its abbesses enjoyed great prestige and influence. Quedlinburg Abbey was an Imperial Estate and one of the approximately forty self-ruling Imperial Abbeys of the Holy Roman Empire. It was disestablished in 1802/3. The church, known as Stiftskirche St Servatius, is now used by the Lutheran Evangelical Church in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Munsterbilzen Abbey</span>

Munsterbilzen Abbey was an abbey of Benedictine nuns in Munsterbilzen, Limburg, Belgium, founded in around 670 by Saint Landrada. It was plundered by Vikings in 881 but restored. From the 9th century it was dedicated to Saint Amor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Countess Palatine Francisca Christina of Sulzbach</span> Abbess of Thorn and Essen (1696–1776)

Countess Palatine Francisca Christina of Sulzbach was the Princess-abbess of Essen Abbey and Thorn Abbey. She led Essen Abbey from 1726 to 1776, the longest of any Essen abbess. Her tenure was marked by disputes between the Abbey and the city, which were caused by her counselors.

<i>Hochstift</i> Territory of the Holy Roman Empire

In the Holy Roman Empire, the German term Hochstift referred to the territory ruled by a bishop as a prince, as opposed to his diocese, generally much larger and over which he exercised only spiritual authority. The terms prince-bishopric and ecclesiastical principality are synonymous with Hochstift. Erzstift and Kurerzstift referred respectively to the territory (prince-archbishopric) ruled by a prince-archbishop and an elector-archbishop while Stift referred to the territory ruled by an imperial abbot or abbess, or a princely abbot or abbess. Stift was also often used to refer to any type of ecclesiastical principality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thorn Abbey</span>

Thorn Abbey or the Imperial Abbey of Thorn was an imperial abbey of the Holy Roman Empire in what is now the Netherlands. It was founded in the 10th century and remained independent until 1794, when it was occupied by French troops. The self-ruling abbey enjoyed imperial immediacy and belonged to the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle.


  1. 1 2 3 "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  2. "Postcodetool for 6017AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2022.