Thorn with stroke

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 ThornwStroke.svg
Ꝥꝥ

(minuscule: ), or Þ (thorn) with stroke was a scribal abbreviation common in the Middle Ages. It was used for Old English "þæt" (Modern English "that"), as well as Old Norse "þor-", the "-þan"/"-ðan" in síðan, [1] "þat", "þæt", and "þess". In Old English texts, the stroke tended to be more slanted, while in Old Norse texts it was straight. In Middle English times, the ascender of the þ was reduced (making it similar to the Old English letter Wynn, ƿ), which caused the thorn with stroke abbreviation ( OE thaet.png ) to be replaced with a thorn with a small t above the letter ( Middle English that.svg ).

Thorn (letter) letter

Thorn or þorn is a letter in the Old English, Gothic, Old Norse, Old Swedish and modern Icelandic alphabets, as well as some dialects of Middle English. It was also used in medieval Scandinavia, but was later replaced with the digraph th, except in Iceland, where it survives. The letter originated from the rune in the Elder Fuþark and was called thorn in the Anglo-Saxon and thorn or thurs in the Scandinavian rune poems. Its reconstructed Proto-Germanic name is Thurisaz. It is similar in appearance to the archaic Greek letter sho (ϸ), although the two are historically unrelated.

Scribal abbreviation abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in Latin, and later in Greek and Old Norse

Scribal abbreviations or sigla are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in various languages, including Latin, Greek, Old English and Old Norse. In modern manuscript editing "sigla" are the symbols used to indicate the source manuscript and to identify the copyists of a work. See Critical apparatus.

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th through the 15th centuries

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

Unicode encodes Ꝥ as U+A764LATIN CAPITAL LETTER THORN WITH STROKE (HTML Ꝥ), and ꝥ at U+A765LATIN SMALL LETTER THORN WITH STROKE (HTML ꝥ).

A thorn with a stroke on the descender also exists. The codepoints are U+A766LATIN CAPITAL LETTER THORN WITH STROKE THROUGH DESCENDER (HTML Ꝧ), and U+A767LATIN SMALL LETTER THORN WITH STROKE THROUGH DESCENDER (HTML ꝧ).

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References

  1. AM 655, p1 recto, lines 4, 14, & 17
Andrew West (linguist) British sinologist

Andrew Christopher West is an English Sinologist. His first works concerned Chinese novels of the Ming and Qing dynasties. His study of Romance of the Three Kingdoms used a new approach to analyze the relationship among the various versions, extrapolating the original text of that novel.