Thornaby railway station

Last updated

Thornaby National Rail logo.svg
Thornaby railway station AB1.JPG
Platform 1 looking west
Location
Place Thornaby-on-Tees
Local authority Stockton-on-Tees
Coordinates 54°33′33″N1°18′04″W / 54.559270°N 1.301000°W / 54.559270; -1.301000 Coordinates: 54°33′33″N1°18′04″W / 54.559270°N 1.301000°W / 54.559270; -1.301000
Grid reference NZ453184
Operations
Station codeTBY
Managed by TransPennine Express
Number of platforms2
DfT category F2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase2.svg 0.583 million
2014/15Increase2.svg 0.592 million
2015/16Increase2.svg 0.609 million
2016/17Increase2.svg 0.634 million
2017/18Decrease2.svg 0.602 million
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Thornaby from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Thornaby railway station serves the town of Thornaby-on-Tees and (due to having better connections than Stockton railway station) also much of Stockton-on-Tees. It is located in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. It is currently operated by TransPennine Express.

Thornaby-on-Tees town in North Yorkshire. England

Thornaby-on-Tees is a royal charter town, civil parish and former borough within the unitary authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, Thornaby is situated on the south bank of the River Tees, directly south-east of Stockton-on-Tees and 4 mi (6 km) southwest of Middlesbrough. It has a population of 24,741 according to the 2011 census.

Stockton railway station (County Durham)

Stockton railway station serves the town of Stockton-on-Tees, within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The railway station is located on the Durham Coast Line and is operated by Northern who provide all of the station's passenger services. Thornaby railway station, across the River Tees from Stockton-on-Tees provides a wider range of services and acts as the main railway station for most of Stockton-on-Tees. The station originally had a roof but it was removed in 1979 due to being in a bad state of repair and it has not been replaced since. The other main buildings are also no longer in rail use, having been converted into apartments.

Stockton-on-Tees Market town in County Durham, England

Stockton-on-Tees is a market town in the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees within the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The town has a population of 85,000, with a population of around 196,000 in the wider area, the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, according to 2017 estimates by ONS UK.

Contents

Services

All Northern services on the Tees Valley Line and Durham Coast Line call at the station, giving it hourly services northbound to Sunderland and Newcastle and half-hourly trains westbound to Darlington and eastbound to Saltburn each weekday. Since the May 2014 timetable change, many Durham Coast services extend through to Nunthorpe to serve the newly opened railway station at James Cook University Hospital. [1] Certain Darlington-bound trains continue on to Bishop Auckland (hourly until mid-evening) and there are a pair of through trains beyond Nunthorpe to Whitby.

Northern (train operating company) A British train company operating in Northern England

Northern is a train operating company in Northern England which began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, Northern is the second-largest train franchise in the United Kingdom; its trains call at 528 stations – about a quarter of all stations in the country.

Durham Coast Line

The Durham Coast Line (DCL) is the name given to the railway line which links Newcastle upon Tyne with Middlesbrough, via Sunderland and Hartlepool. Most passenger services are operated by Northern and the majority of their services continue on from Newcastle to the MetroCentre and a few to Carlisle. It is an important diversionary route during closures on the East Coast Main Line.

Newcastle railway station Mainline railway station in Newcastle upon Tyne, England

Newcastle railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear. It is 268.633 miles (432.323 km) down the line from London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Chester-le-Street to the south and Manors to the north. Its three-letter station code is NCL.

TransPennine Express services to York, Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Airport also stop here every hour. [2] All eastbound trains call (or terminate) at Middlesbrough.

TransPennine Express British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise

TransPennine Express, often abbreviated to TPE, is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise. It runs regional and intercity rail services between the major cities of Northern England and Scotland.

York railway station Main-line railway station serving the city of York in North Yorkshire, England

York railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of York, North Yorkshire. It is 188 miles 40 chains (303.4 km) north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Doncaster to the south and Thirsk to the north. As of June 2018 the station is operated by London North Eastern Railway.

Leeds railway station mainline railway station in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

Leeds railway station is the mainline railway station serving the city centre of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is the third-busiest railway station in the UK outside London. It is located on New Station Street to the south of City Square, at the bottom of Park Row, behind the landmark Queens Hotel. It is one of 20 stations managed by Network Rail.

On Sundays there is an hourly service on the Tees Valley line (two-hourly to Bishop Auckland), an hourly service to both Newcastle and Nunthorpe (with four trains to Whitby) and a two-hourly service to Manchester Airport.

History

Down freight and a Diesel light-engine in 1961 Thornaby Station, with Down freight and a Diesel light-engine geograph-2355852-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Down freight and a Diesel light-engine in 1961
Thornaby station's former buildings seen in September 1981 Thornaby 09 81383 1.jpg
Thornaby station's former buildings seen in September 1981

The station lies on the original Stockton & Darlington Railway (S&DR) extension to Port Darlington, developed from 1828 under the instructions of influential Quaker banker, coal mine owner and S&DR shareholder Joseph Pease, who had sailed up the River Tees to find a suitable new site down river of Stockton on which to place new coal staithes. As a result, in 1829 he and a group of Quaker businessmen bought 527 acres (213 ha) of land described as "a dismal swamp", [3] and established the Middlesbrough Estate Company. Through the company, the investors intended to develop both a new port, and a suitable town to supply its labour. [3] On 27 December 1830, the S&DR opened an extension across the river to a station at Newport, almost directly north of the current Middlesbrough station. [3] The S&DR quickly later renamed this new station and associated six-coal staithe dock facility as Port Darlington, [4] hoping to market the facility further. So successful was the port, a year after opening the population of Port Darlington had reached 2,350. [4] However, with Port Darlington overwhelmed by the volume of imports and exports, in 1839 work started on Middlesbrough Dock. Laid out by Sir William Cubitt, the whole infrastructure was built by resident civil engineer George Turnbull. [4] After three years and an expenditure of £122,000 (equivalent to £9.65m at 2011 prices), [4] the formal opening occurred on 12 May 1842. On completion, the docks were bought by the S&DR.

Joseph Pease (railway pioneer) English railway pioneer

Joseph Pease was a proponent and supporter of the earliest public railway system in the world and was the first Quaker permitted to take his seat in Parliament.

River Tees river in northern England

The River Tees is in northern England. It rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines, and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough.

Middlesbrough railway station grade II listed train station in Middlesbrough, United kingdom

Middlesbrough railway station serves the large town of Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, England and is managed by TransPennine Express.

As Middlesbrough developed, additional railway facilities were required to marshall goods wagons, and allow workers to access the docks and associated industries. So in 1882 the then named South Stockton railway station was built by the North Eastern Railway (NER), and opened on 1 October. However, in 1892 Parliament granted a charter that created the Borough of Thornaby-on-Tees, which incorporated the village of Thornaby and South Stockton, and so on 1 November 1892 the name of the station was also changed. [5]

North Eastern Railway (United Kingdom) British railway company, active 1854–1922

The North Eastern Railway (NER) was an English railway company. It was incorporated in 1854 by the combination of several existing railway companies. Later, it was amalgamated with other railways to form the London and North Eastern Railway at the Grouping in 1923. Its main line survives to the present day as part of the East Coast Main Line between London and Edinburgh.

Thornaby was located on a busy and hence important section of the line for the NER, between Newport and Middlesbrough Docks to the east, and Bowesfield Junction to the west (where the Northallerton/Darlington and Durham Coast Lines diverge), which had the busiest signal box on the NER system. The main station structure had a glass-covered entrance in a unique design of ironwork, which led to a booking office and waiting rooms for four classes. [5] Built of brick, the additional stonework was made of creamy yellow stone. Carved embracing the Arts and Crafts Movement of William Morris, a competition between local stonemasons resulted in 104 different designs. [5] The competition was noted on a brass plaque in the entrance area, which was removed and melted down as part of the war effort during World War II. The platform canopies were also of a unique ironwork design to Thornaby, but lost their glass after a Nazi Luftwaffe bomb fell close to the station during the war. [5]

William Morris Textile designer, novelist, and socialist activist (1834–1896)

William Morris was a British textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement. He was a major contributor to the revival of traditional British textile arts and methods of production. His literary contributions helped to establish the modern fantasy genre, while he played a significant role propagating the early socialist movement in Britain.

World War II 1939–1945, between Axis and Allies

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

<i>Luftwaffe</i> Aerial warfare branch of the German military forces during World War II

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.

After being taken over by British Railways on nationalisation, the decayed station was never really repaired post war, but kept its proud staff and hence well kept flower borders. [5] The variety of stone carvings also gained the station an entry in the newly created Guinness Book of Rail Facts and Feats. [5] With dwindling passenger numbers, staff were removed in the early 1970s, which led to a dramatic level of vandalism to the decayed station structures. After promises to refurbish the station due to local protests from 1977, demolition of the station buildings occurred in December 1981 in what was described locally as "institutionalised vandalism". [5] In both 1988 and 1994, BR proposed to rename the resulting "bus shelter" station as Stockton, but this and a later proposal in 2000 by Northern Spirit to rename the station as South Stockton were stopped by local protests. [5]

The stations revival occurred due to its being located next to the Teesdale development area and Durham University's Queen's Campus, and the provision of the new First TransPennine Express to Manchester Airport. This resulted in a £500,000 refurbishment in 2003 led by Arriva Trains Northern, the Strategic Rail Authority and Stockton-on-Tees borough council, that included the addition of waiting rooms for the first time in 25 years. [5] [6]

The newly rebuilt station was officially opened by former local MP Dari Taylor on 7 February 2003 and now provides an enlarged car park, heated waiting room, manned ticket office, a shop, VDU displays and better lighting and security. As a result of this improvement work, and the return of staffing, Thornaby won a National Station of the Year Award in the 2003 HSBC Rail Awards. [7]

Related Research Articles

Stockton and Darlington Railway

The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863. The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, its first line connected collieries near Shildon with Stockton-on-Tees and Darlington, and was officially opened on 27 September 1825. The movement of coal to ships rapidly became a lucrative business, and the line was soon extended to a new port and town at Middlesbrough. While coal waggons were hauled by steam locomotives from the start, passengers were carried in coaches drawn by horses until carriages hauled by steam locomotives were introduced in 1833.

Port Clarence village in County Durham, England

Port Clarence is a small village now within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Tees, and hosts the northern end of the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge.

Darlington railway station East Coast Mainline station in the Borough of Darlington

Darlington railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the town of Darlington, County Durham. It is 232 miles 50 chains (374.37 km) north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Northallerton to the south and Durham to the north. Its three-letter station code is DAR.

Tees Valley line Railway line from Bishop Auckland to Saltburn, operated by Northern

The Tees Valley line is a name for the railway route between Bishop Auckland and Saltburn via Darlington, Middlesbrough and Redcar. Also operated on the line are services from Newcastle-upon-Tyne to Middlesbrough, Redcar and Saltburn via Darlington. The line between Darlington and Bishop Auckland has been re-branded The Bishop Line and is supported by the Bishop Line Community Rail Partnership.

Yarm railway station

Yarm railway station serves the town of Yarm in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.

Redcar Central railway station train station in Redcar, North Yorkshire, England

Redcar Central railway station serves the town of Redcar in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. The railway station is located on the Tees Valley Line 7 12 miles (12.1 km) east of Middlesbrough and operated by Northern who provide all passenger train services.

Billingham railway station

Billingham railway station serves the town of Billingham, within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The railway station is located on the Durham Coast Line 10 miles (16 km) north of Middlesbrough and is operated by Northern who provide all of the station's passenger services.

Seaton Carew railway station English railway station

Seaton Carew railway station serves the village of Seaton Carew, within the borough of Hartlepool and in the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The railway station is located on the Durham Coast Line 15 miles (24 km) north of Middlesbrough and is operated by Northern, who provide all of the station's passenger services. It was opened in 1841 by the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway.

Hartlepool railway station

Hartlepool railway station serves the town of Hartlepool in County Durham, North East England. It is a through station on the Durham Coast Line 17 miles (27 km) between Newcastle and Middlesbrough and is one two stations on the line within the Borough of Hartlepool, the other being Seaton Carew.

Gypsy Lane railway station

Gypsy Lane railway station serves the Middlesbrough suburbs of Nunthorpe and Marton; the station lies just within the borough of Redcar and Cleveland in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Esk Valley Line and is operated by Northern who provide all of the station's passenger services. The station was originally opened by British Rail in 1976.

Nunthorpe railway station

Nunthorpe railway station serves the Middlesbrough suburb of Nunthorpe; the station lies within the borough of Redcar and Cleveland in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Esk Valley Line and is operated by Northern who provide all of the station's passenger services. One of the two passing loops on the line is located here and there is a level crossing at the eastern end. The signal box that operates it also supervises the movements of trains on the entire branch and remotely controls the junction further down the line at Battersby.

Dinsdale railway station serving Low Dinsdale and Middleton St George

Dinsdale railway station serves the village of Middleton St George in the borough of Darlington and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is located on the Tees Valley Line and is operated by Northern who provide all passenger train services. It is closely linked with the history of the Stockton & Darlington railway (S&DR), the station having replaced the earlier Fighting Cocks station on the original S&DR line.

Thornaby TMD

Thornaby TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Thornaby, England, latterly operated by DB Schenker. The depot was situated to the east of Thornaby, on the northern side of the line to Middlesbrough.

The Tees Valley Metro was a project to upgrade the Tees Valley Line and sections of the Esk Valley Line and Durham Coast Line to provide a faster and more frequent service. In the initial phases the services would have been heavy rail mostly along existing alignments. The later phase would have introduced tram-trains to allow street running. The project was backed by all the local authorities through which the system would have run, the authorities are: Darlington, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar & Cleveland and Stockton-On-Tees. Support was also forthcoming from the Department for Transport. The project has been cancelled due to lack of funding. Focus is now on Northern Rail franchise. Of the original "Tees Valley Metro" project, only the construction of a new station at James Cook University Hospital has come to fruition.

Clarence Railway

The Clarence Railway was an early railway company that operated in north-east England between 1833 and 1853. The railway was built to take coal from mines in County Durham to ports on the River Tees and was a competitor to the Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR). It suffered financial difficulty soon after it opened because traffic was low and the S&DR charged a high rate for transporting coal to the Clarence, and the company was managed by the Exchequer Loan Commissioners after July 1834. An extension of the Byers Green branch was opened in 1839 by the independent West Durham Railway to serve collieries in Weardale.

Tees Marshalling Yard

Tees Marshalling Yard was a railway marshalling yard, used to separate railway wagons, located near Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, Northern England.

References

  1. GB National Rail Timetables May - December 2014 and December 2018 - May 2019 Editions, Tables 44 & 45
  2. GB NRT, Table 39
  3. 1 2 3 "Cargo Fleet". Disused Stations. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Delplanque, Paul (17 November 2011). "Middlesbrough Dock 1839-1980". Middlesbrough Gazette . Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Delplanque, Paul (26 June 2009). "The jewel on the line". Middlesbrough Gazette . Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  6. "Staff back at Thornaby as Arriva rebuilds station" Rail Magazine issue 445 2 October 2002 page 18
  7. Delplanque, Paul (25 October 2010). "The Railway Station at Thornaby...Then and now". Gazette Live. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
Preceding station  National Rail logo.svg National Rail  Following station
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
Northern
Northern
Disused railways
Middlesbrough   London & North Eastern Railway
Clarence Railway via Castle Eden Railway
  Redmarshall
Middlesbrough   London & North Eastern Railway
Castle Eden Railway
  Thorpe Thewles