Thornborough, Buckinghamshire

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Thornborough
Thornborough bridge (p9020964).jpg
The mediæval bridge near Thornborough, in use from c.1400 until 1974.
Buckinghamshire UK location map.svg
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Thornborough
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population641 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference SP742334
Civil parish
  • Thornborough
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUCKINGHAM
Postcode district MK18
Dialling code 01280
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°59′49″N0°55′05″W / 51.9969°N 0.9181°W / 51.9969; -0.9181 Coordinates: 51°59′49″N0°55′05″W / 51.9969°N 0.9181°W / 51.9969; -0.9181

Thornborough is a village and civil parish in north Buckinghamshire, England, around 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Buckingham.

Contents

History

The village name is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and means "hill where thorn trees grow". It was recorded as Torneberge in the Domesday Book of 1086, as Tornburuwe in the 13th century, and as Thornborowe in the 16th century.

An Inclosure Act for Thornborough was passed in 1797.

The village has the earthworks of a Roman village on its western border, in between Thornborough Bridge and the main village. Near the bridge on the north side of the road are the Thornborough Mounds, two tumuli in which Roman remains were found in 1839. They are a scheduled monument. [2]

Buildings

There is a manor house with associated tithe barns in the centre of the village next to the pond.

The village church, St Mary, is one of very few in Britain to have steel bells. The church has been repaired, restored and extended many times with some parts dating back to the 12th century. The tower was built early in the 15th century and the south porch about 1480. [3]

The village pub, The Two Brewers, is a thatched building with two bars. It has been run by the same family for over 25 years. A second pub, The Lone Tree, on the outskirts of the village on the A421 closed for refurbishment in 2004 and shortly after re-opening it was severely damaged by fire on 26 November 2007. Abandoned and in serious need of repair, it was delicensed and sold as a private dwelling in 2014, since when the thatched roof has been removed.

To the north of the village is the remains of an old windmill and on the River Great Ouse are the buildings of what used to be a working watermill. The disused Buckingham Arm of the Grand Union Canal runs between Buckingham and Western Milton Keynes to the north of Thornborough.

Thornborough Bridge

Located on the western boundary of the parish with Buckingham, Thornborough Bridge dates from the 14th century and is the only surviving mediaeval bridge in the county. The parish boundary follows the line of Padbury Brook (which joins the river Great Ouse at 'The Twins'). The new bridge taking the A421 was built in 1974.

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Thornborough Bridge

Thornborough Bridge is located on the original Bletchley and Buckingham road, now bypassed by a modern bridge in 1974 for the A421. The bridge is accessible to walkers from an adjacent lay-by.

References

  1. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thornborough Parish (E04001538)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  2. Historic England. "Two Roman barrows 200m ENE of Thornborough Bridge (1013959)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  3. Page, William, ed. (1927). "Parishes : Thornborough". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 15 April 2013.