Thornborough, Buckinghamshire

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For the village in North Yorkshire, see Thornborough, North Yorkshire.

Thornborough
Thornborough bridge (p9020964).jpg
The mediæval bridge near Thornborough, Buckinghamshire, in use from c.1400 until 1974.
Buckinghamshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thornborough
Thornborough shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 641 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SP742334
Civil parish
  • Thornborough
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUCKINGHAM
Postcode district MK18
Dialling code 01280
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°59′49″N0°55′05″W / 51.9969°N 0.9181°W / 51.9969; -0.9181 Coordinates: 51°59′49″N0°55′05″W / 51.9969°N 0.9181°W / 51.9969; -0.9181

Thornborough is a village and also a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located about two miles east of Buckingham.

Aylesbury Vale Non-metropolitan district in England

The Aylesbury Vale is a large area of gently rolling agricultural landscape located in the northern half of Buckinghamshire, England. Its boundary is marked by the Borough of Milton Keynes and South Northamptonshire to the north, Central Bedfordshire and the Borough of Dacorum (Hertfordshire) to the east, the Chiltern Hills and Wycombe to south, and South Oxfordshire to the west.

Buckinghamshire County of England

Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

Contents

History

The village name, meaning "hill where thorn trees grow", is Anglo Saxon in origin. It was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Torneberge, Tornburuwe in the 13th century and Thornborowe in the 16th century.

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

An Inclosure Act for Thornborough was passed in 1797.

The village has the earthworks of a Roman village on its western border, in between Thornborough Bridge and the main village. Near the bridge on the north side of the road are the Thornborough Mounds, two tumuli in which Roman remains were found in 1839. They are a Scheduled Monument. [2]

Buildings

There is a manor house with associated tithe barns in the centre of the village next to the pond.

The village church, St Mary, is one of very few in Britain to have steel bells. The church has been repaired, restored and extended many times with some parts dating back to the 12th century. The tower was built early in the 15th century and the south porch about 1480. [3]

The village pub, The Two Brewers, is a thatched building with two bars. It has been run by the same family for over 25 years. A second pub, The Lone Tree, on the outskirts of the village on the A421 closed for refurbishment in 2004 and shortly after re-opening it was severely damaged by fire on 26 November 2007. Abandoned and in serious need of repair, it was delicensed and sold as a private dwelling in 2014, since when the thatched roof has been removed.

To the north of the village is the remains of an old windmill and on the River Ouse are the buildings of what used to be a working watermill. The disused Buckingham Arm of the Grand Union Canal runs between Buckingham and Western Milton Keynes to the north of Thornborough.

Thornborough Bridge

Located on the western boundary of the parish with Buckingham, Thornborough Bridge dates from the 14th century and is the only surviving mediaeval bridge in the county. The parish boundary follows the line of Padbury Brook (or The Twins). The new bridge taking the A421 was built in 1974.

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References

  1. Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. "Two Roman barrows 200m ENE of Thornborough Bridge". Historic England. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  3. Page, William, ed. (1927). "Parishes : Thornborough". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 15 April 2013.