|commuter rail and regional rail|
Thorndon Railway Station (after November 1908)
|Opened||24 September 1885|
|Closed||19 June 1937 demolished July 1937|
Thorndon railway station in Wellington, New Zealand was opened in 1885 as the southern terminus of the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company’s Wellington-Manawatu Line and then known as Wellington and Manawatu railway station. This line is now part of the Kapiti section of the North Island Main Trunk.
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. It has a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
The Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company was a private railway company that built, owned and operated the Wellington-Manawatu railway line between Thorndon in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, and Longburn, near Palmerston North in the Manawatu, between 1881 and 1908, when it was acquired by the New Zealand Government Railways. Its successful operation in private ownership was unusual for early railways in New Zealand.
Metlink's Kapiti Line is the electrified southern portion of the North Island Main Trunk Railway between New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, and Waikanae on the Kapiti Coast, operated by Transdev Wellington on behalf of Greater Wellington Regional Council. Trains run frequently every day, with stops at 16 stations. Until 2011 it was known as the Paraparaumu Line.
The station closed on the evening of Saturday 19 June 1937, the day the new Bunny Street building opened. Tracks were moved and the building was demolished by the end of July.
Wellington railway station is the main railway station serving Wellington, New Zealand, and is the southern terminus of the North Island Main Trunk, Wairarapa Line and Johnsonville Line.
The station began with one side platform and lit by electricity. The line's main terminus it was set up with a goods yard, engine shed, workshop and maintenance facilities.
It was built on land reclaimed in 1882. The company was allocated 19 of the 30 acres of reclamation made with spoil from the tunnels. Davis Street was extended in a dogleg across the reclamation to the new Thorndon Esplanade since covered by Aotea Quay. Road access to Thorndon station was from it but Davis Street Extension was eventually reduced to a driveway to the station's generous forecourt.
The first buildings were an engine shed, a workshop and a store all nearing completion in August 1884 though the exact site of the station itself was still undecided. The line was expected to reach Pipitea Point before the end of 1884. The locomotives were due in October. Wagons were already being assembled in the workshop.
A special train set out from the Company's sheds on the morning of Wednesday 17 June 1885 carrying the board of directors and their chief and assistant engineers to make their first official inspection of the track to the Porirua bridge. Their ladies and other guests accompanied them and also press representatives who commended the well-padded second class seats in part describing the journey like this "As the train glided in and out of deep rocky cuttings and round curves, numerous most lovely bits of scenery were caught sight of".
The following Monday a shareholders meeting was to discuss the recommendation of the directors to withdraw the offer of sale to the Government in view of the news that there were good prospects of raising further capital in London.On 9 July The New Zealand Times reported unqualified success in raising the extra capital and that, among many others, two tenders were to be advertised for building the Wellington station. It was now settled that in the meantime there would be no connection with the Government's Wellington railway station in Featherston Street. Tenders were invited for "No. 4 station contract temporary building, Thorndon reclamation."
Lambton originally Wellington railway station in Featherston Street, Wellington, New Zealand was the southern passenger terminus for the Hutt Line and the Wairarapa Line from 1885 to 1936 and for lines further north until December 1908. Wellington's third railway station it had been preceded by station buildings temporarily at Pipitea Point and a site further south on Featherston Street beside Wellington's rail freight depot and its Railway Wharf.
The first timetable was published on 2 September 1885.The line to Paremata was opened on 21 September 1885 without any ceremony. A train of three carriages and a brake van left the Thorndon station at 9:10. There were 59 passengers booked, 42 to Paremata, 6 to Porirua, 3 to Tawa Flat and 8 to Johnsonville. Several excursions were made before 21 September but the passengers were guests of the company. The new station's connection to the telephone system was reported in October 1885. The line was opened to Plimmerton in October 1885 and to the Longburn terminus in November 1886. It had been planned to share Longburn Railway Station with the New Zealand Railways Department but no agreement could be reached.
Passenger trains were run to the Longburn terminus and local trains to Johnsonville, Porirua or Paekakariki. By 1908 there were seven local trains each way on weekdays and Saturdays, and one each way on Sunday.
The Government line from Wellington through the Wairarapa and the Manawatu Gorge also had a station at Longburn and Thorndon's passengers could change trains there for what became the Main Trunk Line and the rapidly expanding Government network.
In December 1908 Thorndon became the terminal for the newly completed North Island Main Trunk. Wellington railway station in Featherston Street was renamed Wellington Lambton station and Thorndon officially became Wellington Thorndon station.
The last Limited Express arrived at Thorndon the morning of the day the station closed, Saturday 19 June 1937. The following Monday's Limited arrived at Bunny Street's Platform 8.
This business was established to finish building the second or West Coast line out of Wellington after the new Government decided to abandon the project.
The Government took over Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company in December 1908 retaining Wellington railway station half a mile south in Featherston Street but renaming it Lambton Railway Station. Both were used until the new Wellington railway station was opened in June 1937.
Thorndon closed in June 1937 so the railway yards could be reconfigured for the new platforms of the Bunny Street building. The last Limited (having a limited number of stops) arrived on the morning of Saturday 19 June 1937. Later the same day the last train out was scheduled to depart at 6:19pm followed by the last train in at 7:13pm.
Thorndon railway station building was demolished at the end of July.Lambton's platform had been closed to traffic in July 1936 but the building remained open until Bunny Street opening day to provide tickets and facilities and access to the new Bunny Street platforms.
The Te Aro Extension, also known as the Te Aro Branch, was a short branch line railway in Wellington, New Zealand continuing the Wairarapa Line southwards. It operated from 1893 until 1917.
The Wairarapa Mail was a passenger train operated by the New Zealand Railways Department (NZR) between Wellington and Woodville, continuing on to Palmerston North as a mixed train. It ran from 1909 until 1948 and its route included the famous and arduous Rimutaka Incline.
The Johnsonville Branch known as the Johnsonville Line, is a commuter branch line railway from the main Railway Station of Wellington, New Zealand to the northern suburb of Johnsonville via Ngaio and Khandallah.
The Wellington and Manawatu Line is an unofficial name for the section of New Zealand's North Island Main Trunk Railway between Wellington and Palmerston North. Originally a government project, the line was constructed by the private Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company and bought by the government in December 1908.
Takapu Road railway station is on the suburban rail network of Wellington, New Zealand, on the Kapiti section of the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT). It is double tracked with side platforms. It serves the suburbs of Redwood and Grenada North, and the rural Takapu Valley.
Redwood railway station on the suburban rail network of Wellington, New Zealand, is on the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT). Opening in late 1963, it is double tracked with staggered side platforms; the up platform is on the north side of the Tawa Street level crossing, the down platform on the south.
Tawa railway station, originally called Tawa Flat, is on the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT) and is part of the suburban rail network of Wellington, New Zealand. It is double tracked with an island platform, and is 13.75 kilometres (8.54 mi) from Wellington railway station, the southern terminus of the NIMT.
Kenepuru railway station is on the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT) in New Zealand, on Wellington's suburban rail network. It is double tracked with side platforms on a curved section of the line, 16.16 km from Wellington railway station, the southern terminus of the NIMT. It is within walking distance of Kenepuru Hospital.
Ngaio railway station is one of eight railway stations on the Johnsonville Branch, a commuter branch railway north of Wellington in New Zealand’s North Island, and serves the suburb of Ngaio. The station was erected and operated by the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company (WMR) on their line from Wellington to Longburn. The area served by this station used to be called Crofton, until the suburb was renamed to Ngaio in 1908 to avoid confusion with Crofton, a suburb of Marton in the Manawatu. From the acquisition of the WMR by the New Zealand Railways Department in 1908 until the opening of the Tawa Flat deviation in 1937, the station was on the North Island Main Trunk Railway. On 2 July 1938 the truncated section of the line to Johnsonville became the Johnsonville Branch.
Khandallah railway station is one of eight stations on the Johnsonville Line, a commuter branch railway north of Wellington in New Zealand’s North Island. The station was erected and operated by the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company (WMR) on their line from Wellington to Longburn. From the acquisition of the WMR by the New Zealand Railways Department in 1908 until the opening of the Tawa Flat deviation in 1937, the station was on the North Island Main Trunk Railway.
Johnsonville railway station is the terminus of the Johnsonville Line, one of eight stations on the commuter branch railway north of Wellington in New Zealand’s North Island. It serves the suburb of Johnsonville, and as a bus interchange attracts traffic from other suburbs to the north and east.
Pukerua Bay railway station is located on the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT) in Pukerua Bay, New Zealand and is part of the suburban rail network of Wellington. It is double tracked, has an island platform layout, and is 30.4 km from Wellington railway station, the southern terminus of the NIMT. It is one of two railway stations in Pukerua Bay, the other one at Muri being closed.
Paremata railway station on the Kapiti Line section of the North Island Main Trunk Railway (NIMT) in Paremata in the city of Porirua, New Zealand, is part of the Wellington Region's Tranz Metro suburban rail network.
Pipitea Point railway station, a temporary building for the Hutt and Masterton railway, was Wellington's first railway station opened on 14 April 1874 with the Hutt Valley Line. The railway line from Wellington to Lower Hutt was started in 1872 and opened in 1874.
Te Aro railway station was a station in Wellington, New Zealand, near what is now the corner of Wakefield and Tory Streets. Opened in 1893 it was one of only three stations in the city - the other two were Wellington railway station on Featherston Street, renamed Lambton railway station in December 1908, which was the main New Zealand Railways Department station, and Thorndon railway station off Thorndon Quay, the southern terminus of the private Wellington and Manawatu Railway.