Thorney, Cambridgeshire

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Thorney
Old Post Office Thorney Cambs.JPG
Old Post Office Thorney
Cambridgeshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thorney
Location within Cambridgeshire
Population2,401 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TF342039
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterborough
Postcode district PE6
Dialling code 01733
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°37′18″N0°06′21″W / 52.62179°N 0.10595°W / 52.62179; -0.10595 Coordinates: 52°37′18″N0°06′21″W / 52.62179°N 0.10595°W / 52.62179; -0.10595
Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin and St Botolph, Thorney Abbey Church of St. Mary the Virgin and St. Botolph Thorney Cambs.JPG
Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin and St Botolph, Thorney
Bedford Hall Bedford Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1323398.jpg
Bedford Hall
Signpost in Thorney UK Thorney (Cambridgeshire) (Sign1).jpg
Signpost in Thorney

Thorney is a village about 8 miles (13 km) east of Peterborough city centre, on the A47 in England.

Contents

Historically in the Isle of Ely, and considered part of Cambridgeshire, Thorney was transferred to the short-lived county of Huntingdon and Peterborough in 1965 and became part of the Peterborough district in 1974, on the merger into Cambridgeshire; the city became a unitary authority area in 1998.

History

Thorney began as a Saxon settlement in about 500 AD. The existence of Thorney Abbey made the settlement an important ecclesiastical centre, and until 2014 was the most northerly point of the Anglican Diocese of Ely.[ citation needed ] By 2007 the previous Thorney Abbey church, now the Church of St Mary and St Botolph, was part of the Deanery [2] and Diocese of Peterborough.

Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the estate became crown property and it was granted to John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford in 1550. At this time only a few hundred acres of the land was cultivatable. In the 1630s Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford spent a reputed £100,000 draining the fens, bringing almost all of the estate and parish of nearly 18,000 acres (7,284 ha) into agricultural use. A community of Walloon Protestant refugees, originally from areas of Flanders that are now northern France, was settled here in the 17th century with their own church and minister, employing the ruins of the abbey for services in their own language. [3] The Walloons had expertise in fenland drainage. The Russell family's rents from the Thorney estate increased from £300 in 1629 to £10,000 by the early 19th century. The family, whose main seat was at Woburn Abbey in Bedfordshire, occasionally resided at the manor house in Thorney village, which was known as Abbey House. The estate was sold to the tenants in 1910.[ citation needed ]

Much of the village was built at the command of the Dukes of Bedford, who wished to have a healthy place in which their estate workers could live. In the mid-19th century many buildings were added to the designs of the architect S.S. Teulon, himself a descendant of Huguenots.[ citation needed ]

The 7th Duke of Bedford's model agricultural village included a modern water supply and sewerage scheme. The neo-Jacobean Tankyard building, now known as Bedford Hall, included a 96 ft high water tower, erected in 1855, [4] that supplied fresh water to the village. The building houses Thorney Heritage Museum, part of the Greater Fens Museum Partnership.

The windmill on the outskirts dates from 1787 and contains six floors; it originally had six sails. During the war[ which? ] four German prisoners of war used it as a base during the day while working the land.[ citation needed ]

Thorney railway station was on the old Peterborough to Wisbech line, with an additional station in the parish at Wryde. The station and the line were closed in the early 1960s. Little evidence to suggest a rail link now remains, apart from one set of wooden level crossing gates at the west side of Station Road; these gates are not the original ones, but replicas based on the rotten originals, installed by the developer that built houses on the site of the station yard in the early 2000s. The concrete posts are the originals, however.

The A47 bypass opened in Winter 2005.

Air accident

On 28 August 1976, a United States Air Force Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, 67-0006, on a flight from McGuire Air Force Base to RAF Mildenhall crashed near the village; the aircraft entered bad weather and the pilots lost control of the aircraft. The accident killed all 18 passengers and crew on board. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] A memorial is maintained on Thorney Dyke, for the lost aircrew.

Wind turbines

In 2010, planning permission was given for two wind turbines on land at French Farm, near French Drove [10] in Thorney parish. In 2011 REG WindPower announced plans [11] to install a further four wind turbines at the French Farm site.

As of 2013, other windfarms are proposed at Gores Farm, Willow Hall, Nuts Grove and Wryde Croft. [12]

Community

The village's local school is the Duke of Bedford Primary School which is next to Wisbech Road. There is also a specialist school at Park House for children with special educational needs.

The village has a magazine called the Thorney Post, which is printed three times a year. The magazine has its own website. [13]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  2. Dashboard for the parish of Thorney Abbey: St Mary & St Botolph in the Deanery of PETERBOROUGH Diocese of Peterborough, 9 October 2017
  3. Cambridgeshire, EnglandGenWeb Project rootsweb
  4. http://www.fensmuseums.org.uk/page_id__30_path__0p3p21p.aspx "The Tankyard Buildings, Thorney" Fens Museum Partnership
  5. Aircraft accident Lockheed ASN
  6. "Spokane Daily Chronicle". Google. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  7. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=vx4TAAAAIBAJ&sjid=wq0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=3038,3311658&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  8. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=mgYuAAAAIBAJ&sjid=CawFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1287,5104955&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  9. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=yusgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=CHIFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2344,4484455&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  10. "French Drove".
  11. "French Farm Wind Farm".
  12. "Newborough Landscape Protection Group". Archived from the original on 30 June 2013.
  13. Thorneypost.com web site