Thorney, Cambridgeshire

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Thorney
Old Post Office Thorney Cambs.JPG
Old Post Office Thorney
Cambridgeshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thorney
Location within Cambridgeshire
Population2,401 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TF342039
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterborough
Postcode district PE6
Dialling code 01733
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°37′18″N0°06′21″W / 52.62179°N 0.10595°W / 52.62179; -0.10595 Coordinates: 52°37′18″N0°06′21″W / 52.62179°N 0.10595°W / 52.62179; -0.10595
Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin and St Botolph, Thorney Abbey Church of St. Mary the Virgin and St. Botolph Thorney Cambs.JPG
Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin and St Botolph, Thorney
Bedford Hall Bedford Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1323398.jpg
Bedford Hall
Signpost in Thorney UK Thorney (Cambridgeshire) (Sign1).jpg
Signpost in Thorney

Thorney is a village about 8 miles (13 km) east of Peterborough city centre, on the A47 in England.

Peterborough City and unitary authority in England

Peterborough is a cathedral city in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 196,640 in 2015. Historically part of Northamptonshire, it is 76 miles (122 km) north of London, on the River Nene which flows into the North Sea 30 miles (48 km) to the north-east. The railway station is an important stop on the East Coast Main Line between London and Edinburgh. The city is also 70 miles (110 km) east of Birmingham, 38 miles (61 km) east of Leicester, 81 miles (130 km) south of Kingston upon Hull and 65 miles (105 km) west of Norwich.

A47 road road in England linking Birmingham to Lowestoft, Suffolk

The A47 is a trunk road in England linking Birmingham to Lowestoft, Suffolk. Most of the section between Birmingham and Nuneaton is now classified as the B4114.

Contents

Historically in the Isle of Ely, and considered part of Cambridgeshire, Thorney was transferred to the short-lived county of Huntingdon and Peterborough in 1965 and became part of the Peterborough district in 1974, on the merger into Cambridgeshire; the city became a unitary authority area in 1998.

Isle of Ely former county in England

The Isle of Ely is an historic region around the city of Ely in Cambridgeshire, England. Between 1889 and 1965, it formed an administrative county.

Cambridgeshire County of England

Cambridgeshire is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. The city of Cambridge is the county town. Modern Cambridgeshire was formed in 1974 as an amalgamation of the counties of Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and Peterborough, the former covering the historic county of Cambridgeshire and the latter covering the historic county of Huntingdonshire and the Soke of Peterborough, historically part of Northamptonshire. It contains most of the region known as Silicon Fen.

Huntingdon and Peterborough

Huntingdon and Peterborough was a short-lived administrative and geographical county in East Anglia in the United Kingdom. It existed from 1965 to 1974, when it became part of Cambridgeshire.

History

Thorney began as a Saxon settlement in about 500 AD. The existence of Thorney Abbey made the settlement an important ecclesiastical centre, and until 2014 was the most northerly point of the Anglican Diocese of Ely.[ citation needed ] By 2007 the previous Thorney Abbey church, now the Church of St Mary and St Botolph, was part of the Deanery [2] and Diocese of Peterborough.

Thorney Abbey Grade I listed abbey in Thorney, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom

Thorney Abbey, now the Church of St Mary and St Botolph, was a medieval monastic house established on the island of Thorney in The Fens of Cambridgeshire, England.

Diocese of Ely

The Diocese of Ely is a Church of England diocese in the Province of Canterbury. It is headed by the Bishop of Ely, who sits at Ely Cathedral in Ely. There is one suffragan (subordinate) bishop, the Bishop of Huntingdon. The diocese now covers the modern ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire and western Norfolk. The diocese was created in 1109 out of part of the Diocese of Lincoln.

Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the estate became crown property and it was granted to John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford in 1550. At this time only a few hundred acres of the land was cultivatable. In the 1630s Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford spent a reputed £100,000 draining the fens, bringing almost all of the estate and parish of nearly 18,000 acres (7,284 ha) into agricultural use. A community of Walloon Protestant refugees, originally from areas of Flanders that are now northern France, was settled here in the 17th century with their own church and minister, employing the ruins of the abbey for services in their own language. [3] The Walloons had expertise in fenland drainage. The Russell family's rents from the Thorney estate increased from £300 in 1629 to £10,000 by the early 19th century. The family, whose main seat was at Woburn Abbey in Bedfordshire, occasionally resided at the manor house in Thorney village, which was known as Abbey House. The estate was sold to the tenants in 1910.[ citation needed ]

Dissolution of the Monasteries legal event which disbanded religious residences in England, Wales and Ireland

The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions. Although the policy was originally envisaged as increasing the regular income of the Crown, much former monastic property was sold off to fund Henry's military campaigns in the 1540s. He was given the authority to do this in England and Wales by the Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament in 1534, which made him Supreme Head of the Church in England, thus separating England from Papal authority, and by the First Suppression Act (1535) and the Second Suppression Act (1539).

John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford English royal minister in the Tudor era

John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford was an English royal minister in the Tudor era. He served variously as Lord High Admiral and Lord Privy Seal. Among the lands and property he was given by Henry VIII after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, were the Abbey and town of Tavistock, and the area that is now Covent Garden. Russell is the ancestor of all subsequent Earls and Dukes of Bedford and Earls Russell, including John Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and philosopher Bertrand Russell.

Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford English politician

Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford PC was an English nobleman and politician. He built the square of Covent Garden, with the piazza and church of St. Paul's, employing Inigo Jones as his architect. He is also known for his pioneering project to drain The Fens of Cambridgeshire.

Much of the village was built at the command of the Dukes of Bedford, who wished to have a healthy place in which their estate workers could live. In the mid-19th century many buildings were added to the designs of the architect S.S. Teulon, himself a descendant of Huguenots.[ citation needed ]

Samuel Sanders Teulon was a 19th-century English Gothic Revival architect, noted for his use of polychrome brickwork, and the complex planning of his buildings.

The 7th Duke of Bedford's model agricultural village included a modern water supply and sewerage scheme. The neo-Jacobean Tankyard building, now known as Bedford Hall, included a 96 ft high water tower, erected in 1855, [4] that supplied fresh water to the village. The building houses Thorney Heritage Museum, part of the Greater Fens Museum Partnership.

Francis Russell, 7th Duke of Bedford British peer

Francis Russell, 7th Duke of Bedford, styled Marquess of Tavistock from 1802 to 1839, was a British peer and Whig politician.

The windmill on the outskirts dates from 1787 and contains six floors; it originally had six sails. During the war[ which? ] four German prisoners of war used it as a base during the day while working the land.[ citation needed ]

Thorney railway station was on the old Peterborough to Wisbech line, with an additional station in the parish at Wryde. The station and the line were closed in the early 1960s. Little evidence to suggest a rail link now remains, apart from level crossing gates at the side of Station Road; these gates are apparently not the original ones, the originals being much larger.[ according to whom? ]

The A47 bypass opened in Winter 2005.

Air accident

On 28 August 1976, a United States Air Force Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, 67-0006, on a flight from McGuire Air Force Base to RAF Mildenhall crashed near the village; the aircraft entered bad weather and the pilots lost control of the aircraft. The accident killed all 18 passengers and crew on board. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] A memorial is maintained on Thorney Dyke, for the lost aircrew.

Wind turbines

In 2010, planning permission was given for two wind turbines on land at French Farm, near French Drove [10] in Thorney parish. In 2011 REG WindPower announced plans [11] to install a further four wind turbines at the French Farm site.

As of 2013, other windfarms are proposed at Gores Farm, Willow Hall, Nuts Grove and Wryde Croft. [12]

Community

The village's local school is the Duke of Bedford Primary School which is next to Wisbech Road. There is also a specialist school at Park House for children with special educational needs.

The village has a magazine called the Thorney Post, which is printed three times a year. The magazine has its own website. [13]

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  2. Dashboard for the parish of Thorney Abbey: St Mary & St Botolph in the Deanery of PETERBOROUGH Diocese of Peterborough, 9 October 2017
  3. Cambridgeshire, EnglandGenWeb Project rootsweb
  4. http://www.fensmuseums.org.uk/page_id__30_path__0p3p21p.aspx "The Tankyard Buildings, Thorney" Fens Museum Partnership
  5. Aircraft accident Lockheed ASN
  6. "Spokane Daily Chronicle". Google. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  7. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=vx4TAAAAIBAJ&sjid=wq0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=3038,3311658&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  8. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=mgYuAAAAIBAJ&sjid=CawFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1287,5104955&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  9. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=yusgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=CHIFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2344,4484455&dq=peterborough+plane+crash&hl=en
  10. "French Drove".
  11. "French Farm Wind Farm".
  12. "Newborough Landscape Protection Group". Archived from the original on 30 June 2013.
  13. Thorneypost.com web site