Thornhagh Gurdon, F.S.A. (1663 – November 1733) was an English antiquarian.
The Society of Antiquaries of London (SAL) is a learned society "charged by its Royal Charter of 1751 with 'the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries'." It is based at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, and is a registered charity.
An antiquarian or antiquary is an aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past. More specifically, the term is used for those who study history with particular attention to ancient artifacts, archaeological and historic sites, or historic archives and manuscripts. The essence of antiquarianism is a focus on the empirical evidence of the past, and is perhaps best encapsulated in the motto adopted by the 18th-century antiquary Sir Richard Colt Hoare, "We speak from facts, not theory."
Gurdon, born in 1663, was the son of Brampton Gurdon of Letton, Norfolk, and his wife Elizabeth, and the elder brother of Brampton Gurdon (c. 1672 – 20 November 1741). As a member of Caius College, Cambridge, he received the degree of M.A. comitiis regiis in 1682, and in the reign of Queen Anne was appointed receiver-general of Norfolk. He resided mostly at Norwich, where in 1728 he published anonymously a valuable Essay on the Antiquity of the Castel of Norwich, its Founders and Governors from the Kings of the East Angles down to modern Times (octavo). Another work of great merit was his History of the High Court of Parliament, its Antiquity, Preheminence, and Authority; and the History of Court Baron and Court Leet, ... Together with the Rights of Lords of Manors in Common Pastures, and the Growth of the Privileges the Tenants Now Enjoy There (2 vols., octavo, 1731). Gurdon was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in March 1718.
Letton is a village in the English county of Norfolk. It is situated near Shipdham and is about 5 miles south west of East Dereham.
Brampton Gurdon was an English clergyman and academic, Boyle lecturer in 1721.
A Master of Arts is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech. The degree is usually contrasted with the Master of Science. Those admitted to the degree typically study linguistics, history, communication studies, diplomacy, public administration, political science, or other subjects within the scope of the humanities and social sciences; however, different universities have different conventions and may also offer the degree for fields typically considered within the natural sciences and mathematics. The degree can be conferred in respect of completing courses and passing examinations, research, or a combination of the two.
Gurdon died in November 1733 aged 70, and was buried in the church of Cranworth with Letton, Norfolk. By his wife Elizabeth, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir William Cooke, Baronet of Brome, Suffolk, he had two sons, Brampton, who died before him, and Thornhagh; and three daughters, Jane, Elizabeth, and Letitia. Mrs. Gurdon survived until 1745.
Cranworth is a village and civil parish in the Breckland district of mid-Norfolk, East Anglia, England, in the United Kingdom. It has an area of 20.63 km2 (7.97 sq mi) with an estimated population of 415 in 2007, increasing to 419 taken at the 2011 Census.
Brome is a village in the north of the English county of Suffolk. It lies on the A140 Norwich to Ipswich road around 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of Eye and 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of Diss near the border with Norfolk. The village is in the parish of Brome and Oakley and has been combined with the village of Oakley for centuries.
Copyhold tenure was a form of customary tenure of land common in England from the Middle Ages. The land was held according to the custom of the manor, and the mode of landholding took its name from the fact that the "title deed" received by the tenant was a copy of the relevant entry in the manorial court roll. A tenant – or mesne lord – who held land in this way was legally known as a copyholder.
George Goring, 1st Earl of Norwich was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1628 when he was raised to the peerage.
In English and Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales, it is recognised as a form of property, one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined, and may be held in moieties:
The court leet was a historical court baron of England and Wales and Ireland that exercised the "view of frankpledge" and its attendant police jurisdiction, which was normally restricted to the hundred courts.
Robert Benson, 1st Baron Bingley, was an English politician of the 18th century.
The manorial courts were the lowest courts of law in England during the feudal period. They had a civil jurisdiction limited both in subject matter and geography. They dealt with matters over which the lord of the manor had jurisdiction, primarily torts, local contracts and land tenure, and their powers only extended to those who lived within the lands of the manor: the demesne and such lands as the lord had enfeoffed to others, and to those who held land therein. Historians have divided manorial courts into those that were primarily seignorial – based on feudal responsibilities – and those based on separate delegation of authority from the monarch. There were three types of manorial court: the court of the honour; the court baron; and the court customary, also known as the halmote court.
The Reverend William Lubbock MA BD (Cantab) was an English divine, Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, and Church of England clergyman. He founded the famous English family of Lubbock.
Robert Thornhagh Gurdon, 1st Baron Cranworth, was a British Member of Parliament.
The high sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown and is appointed annually by the Crown. The High Sheriff of Norfolk was originally the principal law enforcement officer in Norfolk and presided at the assizes and other important county meetings. Most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred elsewhere or are now defunct, so that its functions are now largely ceremonial. There was a single high sheriff serving the two counties of Norfolk and Suffolk until 1576.
John Gurdon was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1640 and 1660. He supported the parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.
Brampton Gurdon was an English country gentleman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1622.
Brampton Gurdon (1606–1669), of Letton in Norfolk, was an English Member of Parliament (MP), lawyer and a colonel of cavalry during the English Civil War.
The Manor of Kilmainham was a manor encompassing the village of Kilmainham in County Dublin, Ireland, just outside the city of Dublin. It one of several manors, or liberties, that existed in Dublin after the arrival of the Anglo-Normans in the 12th century. The manors were town lands united to the city, but still preserving their own jurisdiction.
Sir William Brampton Gurdon was a British civil servant who became a Liberal Party politician.
Sir Robert Bernard, 1st Baronet was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640.
William Frere, was an English lawyer and academic, a law-serjeant and Master of Downing College, Cambridge.
A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.
The Manor of Totteridge was located in Totteridge, Hertfordshire, in an area that is now part of the London Borough of Barnet. The manor was historically associated with the Manor of Hatfield. The original manor house was demolished before 1821 and the manorial estate known as Totteridge Common was transferred to a charity, the Totteridge Manor Association, in 1954.
John Baron, D.D. was an Anglican priest in the eighteenth century.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.