Thornham Magna

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Thornham Magna
St Mary Magdalene, Thornham Magna-geograph.org.uk-2117866.jpg
Church of St Mary Magdalene
Suffolk UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thornham Magna
Location within Suffolk
Population210 (2011) [1]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Eye
Postcode district IP23
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°18′00″N1°04′59″E / 52.3°N 1.083°E / 52.3; 1.083 Coordinates: 52°18′00″N1°04′59″E / 52.3°N 1.083°E / 52.3; 1.083

Thornham Magna is the sister village of Thornham Parva, ("Big Thorny Village" and "Little Thorny Village"") about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Eye, Suffolk and close to the A140 main road from Norwich to Ipswich, the county towns of Norfolk and Suffolk.

Thornham Parva village in the United Kingdom

Thornham Parva is a village and civil parish in the Mid Suffolk district of Suffolk in eastern England. Located to the north of sister village Thornham Magna and around five miles south of Diss, in 2005 its population was 50. By the time of the 2011 Census populations of less than 100 were not maintained separately and this village was included in the population of Thornham Magna.

Eye, Suffolk town

Eye is a small market town in the north of the English county of Suffolk. The town is around 4 miles (6 km) south of Diss, 17 12 miles (28 km) north of Ipswich and 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Norwich. It lies close to the River Waveney which forms the border with Norfolk and is on the River Dove. Eye is twinned with the town of Pouzauges in the Vendée department of France.

A140 road road

The A140 is an 'A-class' road in Norfolk and Suffolk, East Anglia, England partly following the route of the Roman Pye Road. It runs from the A14 near Needham Market to the A149 south of Cromer. It is of primary status for the entirety of its route. It is approximately 56 miles (90 km) in length.

The twin villages of Thornham Magna and Thornham Parva lie within a mile or so of each other through wooded country lanes. The surrounding area is mostly arable farming & cattle on the water meadows through which the River Dove flows. The combined population in 2001 was about 170, being measured at 210 in 2011. Both villages are mentioned in Magna Carta in 1215.

River Dove, Suffolk river in Suffolk, England

The River Dove is a river in the county of Suffolk. It is a tributary of the River Waveney starting near Bacton going through Eye to the Waveney.

Magna Carta Angevin charter

Magna Carta Libertatum, commonly called Magna Carta, is a charter of rights agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215. First drafted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King and a group of rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons. Neither side stood behind their commitments, and the charter was annulled by Pope Innocent III, leading to the First Barons' War.

The Four Horseshoes Four Horseshoes, Thornham Magna - geograph.org.uk - 155468.jpg
The Four Horseshoes

Magna is the larger of the villages with a grade II* listed pub (The Four Horseshoes), a forge workshop and village hall while Parva has a rare thatched church but only a few scattered houses.

Thornham Magna's church is the St Mary Magdalene and includes a window which has glass by Morris and Co and the figures (St John flanked by two Marys) by Burne Jones is said to be one of the finest Pre-Raphaelite windows in Suffolk. Thornham Parva's church is St Mary's. Both churches are from around the 14th century but both also have parts that date from Norman times. However, Thornham Parva's church also has a very rare 12 ft (3.7 m) long retable – a painted panel at the back of the altar – thought to have been made for Thetford Priory in the 1330s. The Henniker family historically owned most of the land in and around these villages. The seat of the Barons Henniker is the nearby Thornham Hall and the current Lord Henniker continues to live there and maintain the estate. St Mary Magdalene is considered the Hennikers' church. Both have war memorials that name the local residents who died in World Wars I & II.

St Marys Church, Thornham Parva Church in Suffolk, England

St Mary's Church is a medieval church in Thornham Parva, Suffolk, England. Much of the fabric dates from the 12th century, and it is a Grade I listed building. Originally the church served not only Thornham Parva but the neighbouring village of Thornham Magna, which is now a separate parish.

Thetford Priory Grade I listed priory in Breckland District, United Kingdom

Thetford Priory is a Cluniac monastic house in Thetford, Norfolk, England.

Baron Henniker

Baron Henniker, of Stratford-upon-Slaney in County Wicklow, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Sir John Henniker, 2nd Baronet, who had previously represented Sudbury and Dover in the House of Commons. His son, the second Baron, also sat as a Member of Parliament. In 1792 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Major. He was childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the third Baron. He assumed the additional surname of Major by Royal licence in 1822. His son, the fourth Baron, represented Suffolk East in Parliament. In 1866 he was created Baron Hartismere, of Hartismere in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This title gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Suffolk East and later held minor office in the Conservative administrations of Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury. His grandson, the eighth Baron, was a prominent diplomat and notably served as British Ambassador to Jordan and to Denmark. As of 2014 the titles are held by the latter's son, the ninth Baron, who succeeded in 2004.

The Four Horse Shoes pub has existed on its site in one form or another since 1150 and most of the houses in the village are between 100 and 600 years old including a lot of oak-beamed, mud-walled straw-thatch roofed Tudor farm houses.

Tudor architecture architectural style

The Tudor architectural style is the final development of Medieval architecture in England, during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, and also the tentative introduction of Renaissance architecture to England. It is generally not used to refer to the whole period of the Tudor dynasty (1485–1603), but to the style used in buildings of some prestige in the period roughly between 1500 and 1560. It followed the Late Gothic Perpendicular style and was superseded by Elizabethan architecture from about 1560 in domestic building of any pretensions to fashion. In the much more slow-moving styles of vernacular architecture "Tudor" has become a designation for styles like half-timbering that characterize the few buildings surviving from before 1485 and others from the Stuart period. In this form the Tudor style long retained its hold on English taste. Nevertheless, 'Tudor style' is an awkward style-designation, with its implied suggestions of continuity through the period of the Tudor dynasty and the misleading impression that there was a style break at the accession of Stuart James I in 1603.

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Thornham Parva Retable

The Thornham Parva Retable is a medieval altarpiece, now in Thornham Parva, Suffolk, England. The retable is thought to have been created in the 1330s for a Dominican Priory. At 15 feet (4.6 m) long, it is the largest surviving altarpiece from the English Middle Ages.

References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 August 2016.