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Thornley | |
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St Bartholomew's parish church | |

Location within County Durham | |

OS grid reference | NZ116372 |

Civil parish | |

Unitary authority | |

Ceremonial county | |

Region | |

Country | England |

Sovereign state | United Kingdom |

Post town | Darlington |

Postcode district | DL13 |

Police | Durham |

Fire | County Durham and Darlington |

Ambulance | North East |

EU Parliament | North East England |

UK Parliament | |

**Thornley** is a village in Weardale, County Durham, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Tow Law.

**Weardale** is a dale, or valley, of the east side of the Pennines in County Durham, England. Large parts of Weardale fall within the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) – the second largest AONB in England and Wales. The upper valley is surrounded by high fells and heather grouse moors. The River Wear flows through Weardale before reaching Bishop Auckland and then Durham, meeting the sea at Sunderland.

**County Durham** is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool, Billingham and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.

**Tow Law** is a town and civil parish in County Durham, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,952, increasing to 2,138 at the 2011 Census. It is situated a few miles to the south of Consett. Tow Law Town football team are based in the town. The town constituted an urban district from 1894 until 1974. The town is mentioned in the Mark Knopfler song "Hill Farmer's Blues" from his album *The Ragpicker's Dream*.

In mathematics, the **Fibonacci numbers**, commonly denoted *F _{n}* form a sequence, called the

In mathematics, two quantities are in the **golden ratio** if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities. The figure on the right illustrates the geometric relationship. Expressed algebraically, for quantities *a* and *b* with *a* > *b* > 0,

In economics, the **Gini coefficient**, sometimes called **Gini index**, or **Gini ratio**, is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality. It was developed by the Italian statistician and sociologist Corrado Gini and published in his 1912 paper *Variability and Mutability*.

The **Hypertext Transfer Protocol** (**HTTP**) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web, where hypertext documents include hyperlinks to other resources that the user can easily access, for example by a mouse click or by tapping the screen in a web browser.

An **integer** is a number that can be written without a fractional component. For example, 21, 4, 0, and −2048 are integers, while 9.75, 5+1/2, and √2 are not.

**JPEG** is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality. JPEG typically achieves 10:1 compression with little perceptible loss in image quality. Since its introduction in 1992, JPEG has been the most widely used image compression standard in the world, and the most widely used digital image format, with several billion JPEG images produced every day as of 2015.

In probability theory, the **normal****distribution** is a very common continuous probability distribution. Normal distributions are important in statistics and are often used in the natural and social sciences to represent real-valued random variables whose distributions are not known. A random variable with a Gaussian distribution is said to be **normally distributed** and is called a **normal deviate**.

**1** is a number, and a numerical digit used to represent that number in numerals. It represents a single entity, the unit of counting or measurement. For example, a line segment of *unit length* is a line segment of length 1. It is also the first of the infinite sequence of natural numbers, followed by 2.

The number **π** is a mathematical constant. Originally defined as the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, it now has various equivalent definitions and appears in many formulas in all areas of mathematics and physics. It is approximately equal to 3.14159. It has been represented by the Greek letter "π" since the mid-18th century, though it is also sometimes spelled out as "**pi**". It is also called **Archimedes' constant**.

In statistics, the **standard deviation** is a measure of the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values. A low standard deviation indicates that the values tend to be close to the mean of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the values are spread out over a wider range.

In probability theory and statistics, **variance** is the expectation of the squared deviation of a random variable from its mean. Informally, it measures how far a set of (random) numbers are spread out from their average value. Variance has a central role in statistics, where some ideas that use it include descriptive statistics, statistical inference, hypothesis testing, goodness of fit, and Monte Carlo sampling. Variance is an important tool in the sciences, where statistical analysis of data is common. The variance is the square of the standard deviation, the second central moment of a distribution, and the covariance of the random variable with itself, and it is often represented by , , or .

**Transport Layer Security** (**TLS**), and its now-deprecated predecessor, **Secure Sockets Layer** (**SSL**), are cryptographic protocols designed to provide communications security over a computer network. Several versions of the protocols find widespread use in applications such as web browsing, email, instant messaging, and voice over IP (VoIP). Websites can use TLS to secure all communications between their servers and web browsers.

The **Indian rupee** is the official currency of India. The rupee is subdivided into 100 *paise*, though as of 2019, coins of denomination of 1 rupee is the lowest value in use. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Reserve Bank manages currency in India and derives its role in currency management on the basis of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

The ** Billboard 200** is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by

The **watt** is a unit of power. In the International System of Units (SI) it is defined as a derived unit of 1 joule per second, and is used to quantify the rate of energy transfer. In dimensional analysis, power is described by .

The **version history of the Android mobile operating system** began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, 2007. The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released on September 23, 2008. Android is continually developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance, and it has seen a number of updates to its base operating system since the initial release.

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Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.