Thornley Stoker

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Sir Thornley Stoker, 1st Bt. William Thornley Stoker.jpg
Sir Thornley Stoker, 1st Bt.

Sir William Thornley Stoker, 1st Baronet (6 March 1845 July 1912), was an eminent Irish medical writer, anatomist and surgeon.

Baronet A hereditary title awarded by the British Crown

A baronet or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess, is the holder of a baronetcy, a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 14th century and was used by James I of England in 1611 as a means of raising funds.

Irish people Ethnic group, native to the island of Ireland, with shared history and culture

The Irish are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. From the 9th century, small numbers of Vikings settled in Ireland, becoming the Norse-Gaels. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought many English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.



His parents were Abraham Stoker (17991876), from Dublin, and the feminist Charlotte Mathilda Blake Thornley (18181901), baptized in St. Anne's Church, Ballyshannon Co. Donegal on 28 June 1818 [1] , who was raised in Sligo Town. Charlotte's father, Thomas Thornley, came from Ballyshannon, a town in the south of County Donegal in Ulster. Stoker was the eldest of seven children and the brother of the writer Bram Stoker. He was educated at a private school in England and at the Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin, and Queen's College, Galway, where he obtained his M. D. degree in 1866. [2] During the later part of his life he lived at Ely House in Ely Place, Dublin, where he entertained many visitors, artists and writers. [3]

Dublin Capital of Ireland

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. Situated on a bay on the east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey, it lies within the province of Leinster. It is bordered on the south by the Dublin Mountains, a part of the Wicklow Mountains range. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region as of 2016 was 1,347,359. The population of the Greater Dublin Area was 1,904,806 per the 2016 census.

Feminism Movements and ideologies aimed at establishing gender equality

Feminism is a range of social movements, political movements, and ideologies that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that societies prioritize the male point of view, and that women are treated unfairly within those societies. Efforts to change that include fighting gender stereotypes and seeking to establish educational and professional opportunities for women that are equal to those for men.

Ballyshannon Town in Ireland

Ballyshannon is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. It is located at the southern end of the county where the N3 from Dublin ends and the N15 crosses the River Erne. Incorporated in 1613, it is the oldest town in Ireland.

Medical career

Ely House on Ely Place Ely House, 8 Ely Place, Dublin, Ireland.jpg
Ely House on Ely Place

He began his career by teaching medicine. After a few years he was appointed surgeon to the Royal City of Dublin Hospital. In 1873 he moved on to the Richmond Hospital.

For several years from 1876 he held the chair of Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, until his other interests became too pressing. From 1876 he was surgeon to Swift's Hospital (founded by Jonathan Swift), and a Governor of both it and the Richmond Hospital. Together with his brother-in-law and hospital colleague Richard Thomson he founded the school of nursing at the Richmond and oversaw the construction of the surgical facilities there in 1899. He succeeded Richard Thomson as Inspector of Vivisection for Ireland. [3]

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland higher education institution

The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland is a professional association and educational institution that is responsible for the medical speciality of surgery throughout the island of Ireland. Uniquely among the four mutually recognised royal surgical colleges in the United Kingdom and Ireland, it also incorporates a medical school, which is now Ireland's largest with over 3,000 students from 60 countries.

Jonathan Swift 17th/18th-century Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, and poet

Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, hence his common sobriquet, "Dean Swift".

All the time he was active in hospitals he was a frequent contributor to the Dublin Journal of Medical Science and similar journals on a variety of medical topics, but took a special interest in surgery of the spino-cerebral cavity. [2] He campaigned against the Workhouse system and cruelty to animals. [3]

Workhouse place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment

In England and Wales, a workhouse was a total institution where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. The earliest known use of the term workhouse is from 1631, in an account by the mayor of Abingdon reporting that "wee haue erected wthn our borough a workehouse to sett poore people to worke".

In 1896 he became President of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and was from 1903 to 1906 President of the Royal Academy of Medicine. He was very interested in art. He was Professor of Anatomy at the Royal Hibernian Academy and a governor of the National Gallery of Ireland. [3] He resigned from many of his medical duties in 1910, due to fatigue. The following year he was created a baronet, of Hatch Street in the City of Dublin. He died in June 1912, aged 67, when the baronetcy became extinct.

The Royal Hibernian Academy (RHA) is an artist-based and artist-oriented institution in Ireland, founded in Dublin in 1823.

National Gallery of Ireland Art museum in Dublin, Ireland

The National Gallery of Ireland houses the national collection of Irish and European art. It is located in the centre of Dublin with one entrance on Merrion Square, beside Leinster House, and another on Clare Street. It was founded in 1854 and opened its doors ten years later. The Gallery has an extensive, representative collection of Irish paintings and is also notable for its Italian Baroque and Dutch masters painting. The current director is Sean Rainbird.

References and sources

  2. 1 2 "Obituary, Issue Volume 134, Number 1 / July, 1912". Dublin: Dublin Journal of Medical Science. 1912: 76–80.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Obituary, 15 July, 1912". London: British Medical Journal. 1912: 1399.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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