Thornlie, Western Australia

Last updated

Thornlie
Perth,  Western Australia
Thornlie Square 07 SMC.jpg
Thornlie Square shopping centre
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Thornlie
Coordinates 32°03′29″S115°57′29″E / 32.058°S 115.958°E / -32.058; 115.958 Coordinates: 32°03′29″S115°57′29″E / 32.058°S 115.958°E / -32.058; 115.958
Population22,965 (2011 census) [1]
 • Density1,980/km2 (5,128/sq mi)
Established1956
Postcode(s) 6108
Area11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Location18 km (11 mi) SSE of Perth CBD
LGA(s) City of Gosnells
State electorate(s) Gosnells, Cannington, Southern River
Federal Division(s) Burt
Suburbs around Thornlie:
Langford Kenwick Maddington
Parkwood Thornlie Gosnells
Canning Vale Southern River Huntingdale

Thornlie is a large outer suburb of Perth, located 18 kilometres south-east of the city's central business district. It is part of the City of Gosnells local government area. The Canning River runs through the northern side of the suburb. Since the 1950s the suburb has developed in approximately five stages; north-east Thornlie (1950s-60s), south Thornlie (1970s-80s), Crestwood (1970s), Castle Glen (1980s) and Forest Lakes (1980s to present).

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county.

Perth City in Western Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both later founded downriver.

Perth (suburb) Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Perth is a suburb in Western Australia that includes both the central business district of the Perth metropolitan area, and a suburban area spreading north to the northern side of Hyde Park. It does not include the separate suburbs of Northbridge or Highgate.

Contents

History

Captain Peter Pegus was the original settler of the area now known as Thornlie, which he had called "Coleraine" when granted the land in 1829. [2] Prior to this the area would have been used by the indigenous Noongar population. In 1834 his premises and belongings were burned in a fire that was to prove the end of his settlement. [3]

Noongar an Indigenous Australian people who live in the south-west corner of Western Australia, from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast

The Noongar are a constellation of peoples of Indigenous Australian descent who live in the south-west corner of Western Australia, from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast. Noongar country is now understood as referring to the land occupied by 14 different groups: Amangu, Ballardong, Yued, Kaneang, Koreng, Mineng, Njakinjaki, Njunga, Pibelmen, Pindjarup, Wardandi, Whadjuk, Wiilman and Wudjari.

The name Thornlie was derived from a farm "Thornlie Park", established in 1884 by Frank and Amy James, Amy being a niece of Walter Padbury who financed the property. [4]

Walter Padbury was an Australian pioneer and philanthropist.

The James family subsequently sold the estate, which had been a productive dairy farm, [5] in 1937 to the mine-manager and investor, Nat Harper. [4] [6] When Harper died in 1954, the 694-hectare (1,715-acre) Thornlie estate was put up for auction in two lots. [7] 92 hectares (228 acres) of Lot 1 were purchased by D. and M. O'Sullivan and by June 1956 the Gosnells Roads Board had provided approval for the development of the area. [7] By March 1957, forty houses had been completed and by May 1958 there were 100 occupied homes. [7] Thornlie thus as a residential suburb was established in the late 1950s as a housing estate aimed mainly at middle-income earners and inner city dwellers. [7]

Nathaniel White Harper was an Australian politician and businessman. He was a member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly from 1910 until 1914, representing the seats of Beverley and Pingelly. He was also the maternal grandfather of politicians David Grayden and Bill Grayden, the latter of whom served for almost 50 years in State and Federal politics.

The first homes in the area included a section of residences constructed in the 1950s and early 1960s which lie to the north of the intersection of Thornlie Avenue and Spencer Road, and residences lying to the south of Thornlie Avenue between Spencer Road and the Canning River which were constructed in the 1960s and 1970s. During this time Thornlie's development was aimed at inner city dwellers who might want to live in a more spacious semi-urban-rural setting. It is one reason why Thornlie has typically large 1,000 m2 (14 acre) blocks and is often described as one of Perth's leafy suburbs.

Canning River (Western Australia) river in Western Australia

The Canning River is a major tributary of the Swan River in south western Western Australia.

The more upmarket Crestwood Estate, which was an experiment in providing fully integrated facilities and services to home-owners, was established from the early 1970s in the southern part of Thornlie, an experiment which was rarely replicated in later Perth subdivisions. From the 1980s the newer Castle Glen and Forest Lakes housing estates, which were at that time to some extent in competition with one another for land purchasers, were established in the remaining land in the western and south-western portions of Thornlie.[ citation needed ]. The focus of these developments was on providing affordable housing for new home buyers, generally young families.

Some semi-rural land in the western portion, mainly utilised for horse agistment and chicken-farming, was developed in the early 2000s. At one time there were several industrial activities taking place in the north-western portion. The last of these to close, about 2004, was the Ingham chicken-processing factory, the site of which was redeveloped for a residential estate.

Facilities

Roe Highway at the Nicholson Road Exit. Roe Highway Thornlie Southward SMC.jpg
Roe Highway at the Nicholson Road Exit.

Thornlie is primarily a dormitory suburb with strong transport links to employment elsewhere in the metropolitan region. Albany Highway connects the suburb to the CBD, Roe Highway links it the regional road network, bus services are fairly frequent and a passenger rail service terminates at Thornlie railway station. Retail services are provided through local and neighbourhood centres, the largest of which are Thornlie Square Shopping Centre (1970s) and the Forest Lakes Forum (1990s). A range of sporting facilities are available for community use include lawn bowls, tennis courts, a skate park, swimming pool, gyms and ovals for cricket and football. Baseball Park, built in 2007, is the home of Perth Heat, a team in the Australian Baseball League.

Community

Thornlie has two local papers distributed fortnightly, The Comment News and the Gosnells Examiner. 107.3 Heritage FM is a volunteer run Radio station for Thornlie and the City of Gosnells as a whole. Community programmes include the annual Safe City awards including the Community Initiative Award, the Constable Peter Ball Memorial Youth Award and the Community Kids Award.

Demographics

The percentage of residents born overseas (39.4%) is greater than both the national (27%) and metropolitan (31.3%) average. 11.3% of residents were born in England; 3% in New Zealand, and significant smaller percentages from Malaysia, India and Scotland. 14% of residents speak a language other than English at home. Unemployment (3.4%) is lower than the regional average (3.7%) and socio-economic disadvantage less than the City of Gosnells as whole. Weekly household incomes are characterised by a lower proportion of both low and higher income households compared with the Perth average. There are no major differences between the religious affiliation of Thornlie and the Perth region as a whole. The dominant religion is Catholicism (22.4%) followed by Anglicanism (19.5%), Islam (4.6%) and Buddhism (3.5%). Since 2001 there has been a mild decline in the number of Catholics and Anglicans and an increase in the number of Muslims, by 2002 Thornlie had the highest population of Muslims in Perth. [8]

Crestwood Estate

Thornlie contains Crestwood Estate, a residential subdivision still noted for its successful implementation of the Radburn design principles. Original Radburn architect Clarence Stein reportedly described it as the 'first perfect Radburn scheme in the world' and from 1973 to 1976 it received both national and international recognition. Whilst the Radburn principles flavoured many other post-war developments across Australia including the Perth suburbs of City Beach and Karawara, it remains one of the few suburbs that has not undergone a sustained process of 'de-Radburnisation' since the 1990s. [9] From a heritage perspective Crestwood is a highly significant link to a major twentieth century urban design movement. [10]

Crestwood was based on the ideas of Paul Ritter, Perth's first and somewhat controversial city planner. [11] Ritter had spent many years advocating the idea that "it takes a village to raise a child". One of his lectures on creating innovative urban environments to meet the needs of family and community life captured the imagination of property developer Ron Sloan. Together Sloan, Paul Ritter and planner Hugh Reynolds designed a residential estate according to a strict design brief.

Crestwood was to be equally efficient and economical as a conventional subdivision, with the same density of homes (8.2/ha or 3.3/acre), but 8% additional open space. Every house was to face a park and roads were to be designed to limit the speed of vehicles. There was to be passive surveillance of recreational areas, and pedestrian traffic through the estate was to be separated from vehicular. Each house was individually designed, some through a design competition organised by the Institute of Architects.

Originally, Crestwood was intended to be built to about five times the size that was eventually constructed. It was to be built around a large pool complex with administration buildings and a recreational area. However, the collapse of land values in the early 1970s led to slow takeup of the allotments and significant losses for Sloan. The subdivision never progressed as envisioned and the land was used in the 1980s and 1990s for two more conventional subdivisions, Forest Lakes and Castle Glen Estates.

Related Research Articles

Crestwood is a common placename:

Doubleview, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Doubleview is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia in the local government area of the City of Stirling. It was named Doubleview due to its views of both the Indian Ocean to the west and the Darling Range to the east.

Hamersley, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Hamersley is a residential suburb 14 kilometres north-northwest of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia, and six kilometres (4 mi) from the Indian Ocean. The suburb adjoins two major arterial roads—Mitchell Freeway to the west and Reid Highway to the south—and is within the City of Stirling local government area. It was built during the late 1960s and 1970s as part of the Government of Western Australia's response to rapidly increasing land prices across the metropolitan area.

Inglewood, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Inglewood is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia in the local government area of the City of Stirling.

Innaloo, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Innaloo is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia 9 km from Perth's central business district in the local government area is the City of Stirling.

Mount Lawley, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Mount Lawley is an inner northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. The suburb is bounded by the Swan River to the east, Vincent, Harold and Pakenham Streets to the south, Central Avenue and Alexander Drive to the north, and Norfolk Street to the west.

City of Gosnells Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Gosnells is a local government area in the southeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located northwest of Armadale and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 128 square kilometres (49.42 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east, and had a population of approximately 118,000 at the 2016 Census.

West Leederville, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

West Leederville is a suburb 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) northwest of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia, and is within the Town of Cambridge. It used to be integrated with Leederville prior to the construction of Mitchell Freeway through the suburb in 1972.

Huntingdale, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Huntingdale, Western Australia is a southeastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is part of the City of Gosnells local government area. It is largely a residential suburb with associated schools and small businesses, mainly existing to service local residents. Homes in the area include a section of older residences constructed mainly in the 1970s, while there was significant new development from the 1990s onward in the southern portion of Huntingdale. There are some remaining pockets of semi-rural land comprising remnants of horticultural and chicken-farming enterprises, but in the early 2000s these were fast being taken over for new residential developments.

Canning Vale, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Canning Vale is a southern suburb of Perth, 16 km (9.9 mi) from the central business district. Its local government areas are the City of Canning and the City of Gosnells.

Mindarie, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Mindarie is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is located 36 kilometres (22 mi) north of Perth's central business district, and forms part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Lathlain, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Lathlain is an inner south eastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Victoria Park.

Kenwick, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Kenwick, Western Australia is a mixed residential, light industrial and semi-rural suburb located in the south-east of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Gosnells. A large portion of the suburb is composed of remnant agricultural land organized as smallholdings of several acres, as well as relatively pristine native wetlands, including the Brixton Street Wetlands which are of significant conservation value. It also contains several sites of historical significance relating to its status as one of the early farming communities of the Swan River Colony.

Maddington, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Maddington is a suburb 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia, within the City of Gosnells local government area. Maddington is a mixed-use suburb containing major residential, retail and industrial sections as well as some semi-rural areas.

Nicholson Road is a major north-south road in the southeastern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting Albany Highway in Cannington with the large residential areas of Thornlie and Canning Vale, before leaving the Perth urban area and terminating in Oakford. Until the construction of Kwinana Freeway to Thomas Road in 1993, Nicholson Road was one of southern Perth's most important routes.

Stirling, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Stirling is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, about 10 km north of Perth's central business district (CBD) along the Mitchell Freeway. Its local government area is the City of Stirling, whose council offices and administration centre are located in the southwest of the mostly residential suburb.

Gosnells, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Gosnells is a suburb located within the City of Gosnells. Gosnells is approx. 20 kilometres south-east of Perth CBD.

Bayswater, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bayswater is an inner city suburb, located 6 kilometers north-east of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It is located north of the Swan River, within the City of Bayswater local government area. It is a mixed use suburb, with mostly residential zoning, with a light industrial area in the east.

Gosnells was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It was in existence from 1977 to 1989 and from 2008 to 2017. The seat was named after the suburb of Gosnells, and was located in Perth's southeastern suburbs. Gosnells was a safe seat for the Labor Party for most of its existence.

Radburn design housing housing estate planning design

Radburn design housing is a concept for planned housing estates, based on a design that was originally used in Radburn, New Jersey, United States.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Thornlie (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 February 2016. Blue pencil.svg
  2. McDonald, Gil; Bill Cooper (April 1988). "Survey and Settlement". The Gosnells Story (1st ed.). City of Gosnells. pp. 9–12. ISBN   0-7316-2737-7.
  3. McDonald, Gil; Bill Cooper (April 1988). "A Corner of the Colony". The Gosnells Story (1st ed.). City of Gosnells. p. 27. ISBN   0-7316-2737-7.
  4. 1 2 History of Suburb Names > Thornlie www.gosnells.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 12 June 2007.
  5. McDonald, Gil; Bill Cooper (April 1988). "A District Transformed". The Gosnells Story (1st ed.). City of Gosnells. p. 139. ISBN   0-7316-2737-7.
  6. Harper, Nathaniel White (1865 - 1954) Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-12.
  7. 1 2 3 4 McDonald, Gil; Bill Cooper (April 1988). "From Village to City". The Gosnells Story (1st ed.). City of Gosnells. pp. 229–230. ISBN   0-7316-2737-7.
  8. Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck; Smith, Jane I, Muslim minorities in the West : visible and invisible / edited by Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad & Jane I. Smith, AltaMira Press, ISBN   0759102171 CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  9. Ellwood, Constance (September 2006). ""I wish I was anywhere but here": "Structure of address" in the badlands". Transformations (13).
  10. Freestone, Robert (2010). Urban Nation: Australia's Planning Heritage. CSIRO Publishing. p. 195.
  11. MacTiernan, A (17 June 2010). "Paul Ritter —Condolence" (PDF). Hansard.
  12. Thornlie Library Retrieved 2007-04-15.