Thornton, West Yorkshire

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Thornton
Sapgate lane.JPG
Sapgate Lane from Market Street
West Yorkshire UK location map.svg
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Thornton
Location within West Yorkshire
Population17,276 (Thornton and Allerton ward. 2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE098326
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRADFORD
Postcode district BD13
Dialling code 01274
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°47′23″N1°51′01″W / 53.7898°N 1.8504°W / 53.7898; -1.8504 Coordinates: 53°47′23″N1°51′01″W / 53.7898°N 1.8504°W / 53.7898; -1.8504

Thornton is a village within the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies to the west of Bradford, and together with neighbouring Allerton, has total resident population of 15,004, increasing to 17,276 at the 2011 Census. [1] [note 1] Its most famous residents were the Brontës.

Contents

The preserved centre of the village retains the character of a typical Pennine village, with stone built houses with stone flagged roofs. The surrounding areas consist of more modern housing, still isolated from the rest of the city of Bradford by green fields.

Geography and administration

Thornton derives from Old English and means a thorn tree at a farm or settlement. [2] It was mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th century, [3] when it had been laid waste by William the Conqueror's harrying of the North, punishment for an uprising against the Norman invaders of 1066. [4]

Thornton was incorporated into the city of Bradford in 1899 [5] and has been within the boundaries of the City of Bradford metropolitan borough since 1974, in which it comprises part of the Thornton and Allerton ward. [6] It falls within the parliamentary constituency of Bradford West. [7]

Its elevation, poor soils, isolation from major transport routes, and rainfall of over 34 inches a year limited farm production. Resources such as coal, iron and sandstone, the development of turnpike roads, and the coming of the railways enabled Thornton to share in the prosperity generated by the 19th-century wool worsted trade. The increasing use of steam-powered mills (at the expense of the former cottage-industry production methods) concentrated production in the valleys of the city centre. Foreign imports, the Second World War, and closure of the railways, all contributed to the decline in manufacturing. Today Thornton is a residential suburb of Bradford. [8]

The main thoroughfare through the village is Market Street. This road was bypassed in 1826 by the new Thornton Road (the present day B6145) and as it was a very early bypass, most new building work has since taken place along Thornton Road. This has left Market Street largely untouched and it retains its original character and stonework on the buildings. This street forms the backbone of the conservation area in the village. [9]

Notable residents

Thornton's most famous residents were the Brontës. The Rev Patrick Brontë became the incumbent of Thornton Chapel in 1815, [10] and Charlotte, Branwell, Emily and Anne Brontë were born at 74 Market Street Thornton before the family moved to Haworth. [11] The remains of the church where the father preached, known as the Bell Chapel, can be seen in the restored old graveyard off Thornton Road opposite the current church. [12] The 44 mi (71 km) long Bronte Way passes through Thornton on its way between Gawthorpe Hall in Lancashire and Oakwell Hall in the Birstall area. [13]

Thornton Viaduct

Thornton Viaduct, as seen from the 7th green of Headley Golf Club Thornton viaduct bradford.jpg
Thornton Viaduct, as seen from the 7th green of Headley Golf Club

Thornton Viaduct was a railway viaduct for the Great Northern Railway line running from Queensbury to Keighley via Thornton. It was built in an S-shape to allow a smooth access to Thornton railway station. [14] The viaduct is now a Grade II listed building. [15]

The viaduct was reopened as part of The Great Northern Railway Trail between Cullingworth and Queensbury along the track bed in 2009, [14] with a final link up to Queensbury opening in 2012. [16]

See also

Notes

  1. The population figure of 15,004 is for the ward of Thornton and Allerton, rather than for the village of Thornton alone.

Related Research Articles

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Oxenhope Village in West Yorkshire, England

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Wilsden Village and civil parish in West Yorkshire, England

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City of Bradford City and metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England

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Brontë Country

Brontë Country is a name given to an area of south Pennine hills west of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England. The name comes from the Brontë sisters, who wrote such literary classics as Jane Eyre, Wuthering Heights, and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall while living in the area.

Cullingworth Village and civil parish in West Yorkshire, England

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Queensbury, West Yorkshire Village in West Yorkshire, England

Queensbury is a village in the metropolitan borough of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. Perched on a high vantage point above Halifax, Clayton and Thornton and overlooking Bradford itself, Queensbury is one of the highest parishes in England, with fine views beyond the West Yorkshire conurbation to the hills of Brontë Country and the Yorkshire Dales to the north and north west. It had a population of 8,718 in 2001 which increased to 16,273 in the 2011 Census.

Worth Valley Local council ward in West Yorkshire, England

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Denholme Town and civil parish in West Yorkshire, England

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Cross Roads, West Yorkshire Village in West Yorkshire, England

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Thornton Viaduct Disused railway viaduct in West Yorkshire, England

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Thornton railway station Disused railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Thornton railway station was a station on the Keighley-Queensbury section of the Queensbury Lines which ran between Keighley, Bradford and Halifax via Queensbury. The station served the village of Thornton, West Yorkshire, England from 1878 to 1955.

Great Horton railway station was a railway station on the Queensbury-Bradford section of the Queensbury Lines which ran between Bradford, Keighley and Halifax via Queensbury. The station opened for passengers in 1878 and closed on 23 May 1955 but remained open to goods with full staff until 28 June 1965 before it was closed, then demolished and the branch line tracks ripped up.

Hewenden Viaduct Grade II listed bridge in Wilsden, West Yorkshire, UK

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Laycock, West Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Laycock is a small village in the Bradford District of West Yorkshire that overlooks the hamlet of Goose Eye. The village is 1.9 miles (3 km) west of the town of Keighley and 1.2 miles (2 km) north of Oakworth village. The village is in the council ward of Keighley West.

The Great Northern Railway Trail

The Great Northern Railway Trail is a cycleway and footpath in the Bradford District of West Yorkshire, England. The path follows the route of a former railway, that of the Great Northern railway line between Bradford and Keighley that went via Queensbury and Cullingworth. The path has been designated as part of the National Cycle Route number 69.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thornton and Allerton 2011 Census Ward (1237321024)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  2. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 468. ISBN   0-19-869103-3.
  3. "Domesday Online: Thornton (West Riding)".
  4. Mead, Helen (14 June 2017). "GALLERY: All roads lead to Thornton as history society holds open day". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  5. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 10.
  6. "Thornton and Allerton ward" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. Bradford Council. March 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  7. "Elections 2015". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  8. "Proposals for the Bradford West Constituency" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. pp. 3, 35. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  9. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 6.
  10. "The Bronte Birthplace". www.bronte-country.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  11. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 11.
  12. "The Old Bell Chapel, Thornton". www.bronte-country.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  13. "Bronte Way - LDWA Long Distance Paths". www.ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  14. 1 2 Haywood, Jo (4 October 2013). "Thornton - the real birthplace of the Brontes". Yorkshire Life. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  15. Historic England. "Thornton Railway Viaduct (1151855)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  16. "New section of Sustrans rail trail is opened". Keighley News. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2017.

Sources

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Thornton, West Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons