Thornton, West Yorkshire

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Thornton
Sapgate lane.JPG
Sapgate Lane from Market Street
West Yorkshire UK location map.svg
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Thornton
Location within West Yorkshire
Population17,276 (Thornton and Allerton ward. 2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE098326
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRADFORD
Postcode district BD13
Dialling code 01274
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°47′23″N1°51′01″W / 53.7898°N 1.8504°W / 53.7898; -1.8504

Thornton is a village and former civil parish, within the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 6 miles (9.7 km) to the west of the city centre of Bradford, and together with neighbouring Allerton, had a total resident population in 2001 of 15,004, increasing to 17,276 at the 2011 Census. [1] [note 1] Its most famous residents were the Brontës.

Contents

The preserved centre of the village retains the character of a typical Pennine village, with stone built houses with stone flagged roofs. The surrounding areas consist of more modern housing, still isolated from the rest of the city of Bradford by green fields.

Geography and administration

Thornton derives from Old English and means a thorn tree at a farm or settlement. [2] It was mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th century, [3] when it had been laid waste by William the Conqueror's harrying of the North, punishment for an uprising against the Norman invaders of 1066. [4]

Thornton was formerly a township and chapelry in the parish of Bradford, becoming a civil parish in its own right in 1866. [5] [6] In 1865 Thornton was declared to be a Local Government District, administered by a local board. [7] Such local boards became urban district councils under the Local Government Act 1894. Thornton Urban District existed for less than five years; in 1899 it was incorporated into the city of Bradford. [8] The civil parish of Thornton continued to exist until 1974, but as an urban parish it had no parish council, being directly administered by the city council. In 1951 the parish had a population of 6097. [9]

The parish was abolished in 1974 when the larger City of Bradford metropolitan borough was created, since when it has been an unparished area. Thornton comprises part of the Thornton and Allerton ward. [10] It falls within the parliamentary constituency of Bradford West. [11]

Its elevation, poor soils, isolation from major transport routes, and rainfall of over 34 inches a year limited farm production. Resources such as coal, iron and sandstone, the development of turnpike roads, and the coming of the railways enabled Thornton to share in the prosperity generated by the 19th-century wool worsted trade. The increasing use of steam-powered mills (at the expense of the former cottage-industry production methods) concentrated production in the valleys of the city centre. Foreign imports, the Second World War, and closure of the railways, all contributed to the decline in manufacturing. Today Thornton is a residential suburb of Bradford. [12]

The main thoroughfare through the village is Market Street. This road was bypassed in 1826 by the new Thornton Road (the present day B6145) and as it was a very early bypass, most new building work has since taken place along Thornton Road. This has left Market Street largely untouched and it retains its original character and stonework on the buildings. This street forms the backbone of the conservation area in the village. [13]

Notable residents

Thornton's most famous residents were the Brontës. The Rev Patrick Brontë became the incumbent of Thornton Chapel in 1815, [14] and Charlotte, Branwell, Emily and Anne Brontë were born at 74 Market Street, Thornton before the family moved to Haworth. [15] In November 2023 the house was purchased by a campaign group which aims to restore and preserve the house as the Brontë Birthplace. [16] [17] [18] The remains of the church where the father preached, known as the Bell Chapel, can be seen in the restored old graveyard off Thornton Road opposite the current church. [19] The 44 mi (71 km) long Brontë Way passes through Thornton on its way between Gawthorpe Hall in Lancashire and Oakwell Hall in the Birstall area. [20]

Professional wrestler Les Kellett had a small holding and café called "The Terminus", where trolleybuses terminated before returning to Bradford, with his wife Margaret. On 2 acres (0.81 ha) behind the house Kellett sometimes bred pigs and once said he kept fifty head of cattle. [21] [22]

Thornton Viaduct

Thornton Viaduct, as seen from the 7th green of Headley Golf Club Thornton viaduct bradford.jpg
Thornton Viaduct, as seen from the 7th green of Headley Golf Club

Thornton Viaduct was a railway viaduct for the Great Northern Railway line running from Queensbury to Keighley via Thornton. It was built in an S-shape to allow a smooth access to Thornton railway station. [23] The viaduct is now a Grade II listed building. [24]

The viaduct was reopened as part of The Great Northern Railway Trail between Cullingworth and Queensbury along the track bed in 2009, [23] with a final link up to Queensbury opening in 2012. [25]

See also

Notes

  1. The population figure of 15,004 is for the ward of Thornton and Allerton, rather than for the village of Thornton alone.

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References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thornton and Allerton 2011 Census Ward (1237321024)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  2. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 468. ISBN   0-19-869103-3.
  3. "Domesday Online: Thornton (West Riding)".
  4. Mead, Helen (14 June 2017). "GALLERY: All roads lead to Thornton as history society holds open day". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  5. "History of Thornton, in Bradford and West Riding". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  6. "Relationships and changes Thornton CP/Ch through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  7. "No. 22961". The London Gazette . 25 April 1865. p. 2189.
  8. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 10.
  9. "Population statistics Thornton CP/Ch through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  10. "Thornton and Allerton ward" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. Bradford Council. March 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  11. "Elections 2015". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  12. "Proposals for the Bradford West Constituency" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. pp. 3, 35. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  13. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 6.
  14. "The Bronte Birthplace". www.bronte-country.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  15. Thornton CAA 2003, p. 11.
  16. "Home". Brontë Birthplace. 8 May 2023. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  17. Barnett, David (14 October 2023). "Reader, they lived there: campaign to save Brontës' Bradford birthplace as it goes on sale". The Observer. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  18. Barnett, David (10 November 2023). "Campaigners save Bradford birthplace of Brontë sisters". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  19. "The Old Bell Chapel, Thornton". www.bronte-country.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  20. "Bronte Way - LDWA Long Distance Paths". www.ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  21. "Les Kellet". British Wrestlers reunion.co.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2024.
  22. "Discover the characters and places of bygoneThornton at a special open day". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. 14 June 2023. Retrieved 10 February 2024.
  23. 1 2 Haywood, Jo (4 October 2013). "Thornton - the real birthplace of the Brontes". Yorkshire Life. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  24. Historic England. "Thornton Railway Viaduct (1151855)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  25. "New section of Sustrans rail trail is opened". Keighley News. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2017.

Sources

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Thornton, West Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons